As a result of this lesson, the student will be able to:•Locate India on a world map•Identify India’s flag•Explain why the Taj Mahal was built•Compare several Indian customs to American customs•Given a selection of animals, choose those native to India•Express himself/herself through Indian art_____________________________________________________
Bananas Paint (different colors)Oranges Mural paperSalt 6-8 dictionariesSugar Shape patterns to tracePlain yogurt (triangles, circles, etc.Plastic cups made from cardboard)SpoonsLarge play area is neededPaint brushes
To find India on a world map:1. Locate Asia. On this map,2. India is a large country in southern Asia. what color is India?3. India has a long “tale” that sticks out into the Indian Ocean. ORANGE
Republic of_______________________Location: South AsiaCapital of India: New DelhiOfficial Language: HindiCurrency: Rupee (34 rupees = 1 dollar) How many rupees would I have if I had 4 dollars?
India is a large country in southern Asia. It is separatedfrom the rest of Asia by the Himalayan Mountains.Because it is so big and cut off from the rest of thecontinent, it is called a subcontinent. To the south of Indiais the Indian Ocean.India is the seventh largest country in the world. It hasdeserts, jungles, mountains, forests, and farms.The major rivers are the Indus River and the GangesRiver. Big cities include New Delhi, Calcutta, Bombay,and Bangalore.India has half as many states as the U.S. has. How many states are in India?
Exports: tea, clothing, jewelry, iron ore, leatherImports: food, gems, iron and steel, chemicalsMain crops: rice, wheat, tea, sugar cane, spices What are imports and exports? Do we grow the same crops in Ohio? Which of these goods do we use in Ohio?
________________________________________The top stripe is dark gold, the middle stripe iswhite, and the bottom stripe is green. The bluewheel in the middle is the Wheel of Life.
December to March ~~~~ ColdApril to May ~~~~ Very hot (Often over 100 degrees)June to September ~~~~ Monsoon seasonOctober to November ~~~ less rain MONSOONS Monsoons are huge rain storms that come in from the Indian Ocean. They bring enough rain to supply water for the whole year. These storms have strong winds. They can flood and destroy farms and houses. Some have even killed people. Are there storms like these in the United States?
Long ago, India was ruled by Mogulemperors. Then the empire fellapart into smaller kingdoms, ruledby maharajas.By the 1600’s, Europeans had comeinto India to trade for Indian spices,silks, cotton cloth, and tea.In 1857, the British took control ofIndia and ruled there until 1947.One very important man, MohandasGandhi helped India gainindependence.Gandhi practiced civil disobedience.That means that he would not dowhat the British wanted, but he wasnever violent.
At about the same timethe pilgrims were landingat Plymouth Rock, theTaj Mahal was built.That was almost 400years ago.It took over ten years tobuild. More than twentythousand people and onethousand elephantshelped build it.. . .but why was it built?Any ideas?The Taj Mahal is in Agranear the capital of India.What is the capital ofIndia?
Shah Jahan was the emperor of India from 1628 to 1658. He deeplyloved his wife Mumtaz Mahal. She died in 1631 when she was givingbirth to their fourteenth child.The emperor was so heartbroken that he decided to build a massivetomb in honor of their love. The two of them were buried togetherinside the Taj Mahal.Since Shah Jahan loved his wife so much, he used only the finestmarble. He also made sure that beautiful gems decorated her tomb.The Taj Mahal is one of the wonders of the world.It is also a great tribute to love.Make up your own legend explaining why someonewould have a building like the Taj Mahalbuilt.
CricketIn India, the popular sport is cricket.The game of cricket is played with a batsman, a wicket keeper, abowler, and fielders.The bowler rolls the ball toward the batsman. The wicket keeperstands behind the batsman. The batsman hits the ball with a batand runs back and forth between the bowler and the wicketkeeper to score runs. The fielders try to catch the ball to get thebatsman out. What sport or sports does this sound like? What are the similarities between this game and games we play here?
The Hindu New Year falls inOctober or November ofeach year.It is called Diwali, theFestival of Lights.For Diwali, people getdressed up in new clothes,send cards to friends andfamily, and give outpresents.Since it is the Festival ofLights, fireworks light upthe sky.What American Holidays arecelebrated like Diwali?What building is in the picture?
We love to watch movies in America.Hollywood is the biggest producer offilms in the world, right?WRONG! India produces about eighthundred movies a year. That’s evenmore than Hollywood. Indian familieslove to go to the movies just as much aswe do.Can you think of American movies ortelevision shows that you have seen withIndian actors or actresses in them?
What kinds of animals do you think youwould find in India?Below is a list of animals that can befound in India:Lions DeerBears RhinocerosesSnakes ElephantsCamels MonkeysTigers (National animal)Peacocks (National bird)Did any surprise you?
Many women in India wear beautiful saris.Their clothing is brightly colored. Forspecial events, women wear saris with goldembroidery and sequins.Men usually wear dhotis. They are loosepants, similar to pajamas. In big cities,men wear American style clothing.Children wear jeans, T-shirts, and skirts athome. They usually have uniforms forschool.Indian women love to wear jewelry. Theywear earrings, nose rings, bangles(bracelets), anklets, rings, necklaces, andeven jewelry in their hair!
Can you think of anything that we have in the U.S. that came from India? Meditation exercises; you can take these classes at the YMCA YOGA Hindi phrase meaning loose trousers PAJAMAS Game of skill played on a checkerboard with moveable pieces CHESS Expensive sweaters made from goat hair in a region of India CASHMERE This digit means nothing, but can greatly change the value of a number when added onto the end of a number ZERO A brand of clothing; also a game played while riding horses POLO
You may or may not know these other Indian words. Inyour groups, discuss what you think these words mean. Ifyou don’t know what they are, look them up! Each groupwill explain to the class the meaning of one of these words,so make sure you know what they all mean!Jungle GuruThug NirvanaBungalow KarmaVeranda Bazaar
We will make KELA AUR SANTRA KI LASSI (Banana and Orange Shake):2 teaspoons sugar 2 large bananas, peeled½ teaspoon salt and sliced2 small containers 2 large oranges, peeled of plain yogurt and segmentedMix the sugar, salt, and yogurt together.Add the bananas and oranges, and stir untileverything is well mixed. Serve chilled.Recipe from India: One Nation, Many Traditions by Megan Cifarelli
Which of the following animals can be found in India?Answers will follow.India has tigers, lions, elephants, and rhinoceroses. Where would you find a dolphin, penguin, panda bear, and kangaroo?
Many Indian children play Kabaddi, which is a game similar to tag.There is no equipment. You just need four or more people to play.HERE’S HOW TO PLAY:1. Divide players into two equal teams. Each team is on opposite sidesof the playing area. Whichever team starts has to pick a player to runto the other team’s side.2. The runner takes a deep breath. The runner tries to tag the otherteam’s players without taking another breath. The runner has to keepsaying “kabaddi-kabaddi” so he/she can’t take another breath.3. The other players try not to get tagged. Those who get tagged try tocatch the runner before he/she runs back to his/her side.4. If the runner does not make it back to his/her side without taking abreath, the runner is out. If the runner doesmakes it back withouttaking a breath, then the players who got tagged are out.5. Teams take turns sending runners. The team with the most playersleft wins.
Rangoli is the traditional art of decorating walls and courtyards with designs. Indian women make a paste out of flour and color it with crushed flowers and spices. They often compete to make the best designs.We will make Rangoli designs using paint and mural paper.1. Each group will start with a basic design made of shapes.2. You will keep using that design to make a bigger design to fill your mural paper.3. You may use any colors available and any design made of shapes. There are patterns of triangles, circles, rectangles, squares that you may trace if you want.4. Make sure everyone in your group takes part in the mural in some way.5. We will display the murals in the room.
Countries of the World: India by Sunandini Arora LalLots of detailed information, Indian glossary, and nice color photosCount Your Way through India by Jim HaskinsLearn the Hindi numbers from 1 to 10, useful info on IndiaIndia: One Nation, Many Traditions by Megan CifarellColorful photos and detailed informationI is for India by Prodeepta DasBeautiful photographs and interesting informationThe Children of India by Jules HermesBeautiful photographs, focuses on Indian children and their daily lives BIBLIOGRAPHY
Pitara for Kids - http:www.pitara.com This site contains books, stories, folk tales, and activities forchildren.We Are India - http://weareindia.com/ This site contains photos and other links on culture,traditions, and art.Welcome to India - http://www.welcometoindia.com/culture This site contains info on culture, music, food, travel andmore.History of India - http://www.historyofindia.com/home.html This site covers ancient, medieval, British, and modernhistory.India for Kids – Snaith Primary Schoolhttp://www.home.freeuk.net/elloughton13/India.htmThis site shows a slideshow trip to India for children ages 7-9. With lotsof great links, photos, stories, and activities, this site is highlyrecommended.
Chantal Boulanger: Indian saris-research http:www.devi.net/sari.html This site hasphotos of saris and other Indian clothing. It also has other links.Really Cookin’ Recipes for Kids www2.whirlpool.com/html/homelife/cookin/India.htm This site has Indian recipes forchildren to make.Experience India - http://www.vijnanakalavedi.org/ This site tells about different Indian art, music, anddance. It also contains great photographs, video clips, and musicclips.India Parentinghttp://www.indiaparenting.com/Indiaculture/index.htmThis site has kids’ games, learning activities, tunes, tales, and more.
What did you learn about India? What part did you like the best? Why? What will you tell your friends about? What will you tell your family about? What country would you like to learn more about?This presentation is dedicated to my father, Upendra Patel, who was born and raised in India, and to Master Seth, my new son, whose name means Boss in Gujarati.