Format / Formatting – Changing the way things look in your document, for example changing the style of some text.
Margins – The blank area around the edge of a printed page. You can adjust how much of the page is taken up by margins.
Font – Different text styles are referred to as fonts. Here are some examples of DIFFERENT fonts.
Alignment – How things are lined up on the page. For example, centre aligned text will be lined up with the centre of the page.
Tabs – Even spaces that can be used to line things up on a page.
Header – Information that can be repeated at the top of each page, such as the title of the document.
Footer – Information that can be repeated at the bottom of each page, such as the page number at the bottom of these pages.
THE WORD INTERFACE
THE WORD INTERFACE
Title Bar – This is common to all programs in Windows. It shows the name of the program currently being used and in the case of some programs like Word, also shows the name of the document currently being edited.
Menu Bar – Most Windows programs have a row of menus along the top of the screen which can be used to access the program’s functions. There are several ways of using the menus as you will see later.
Windows Icons – These standard windows icons provide quick ways to close a window or change the position of a window. The first icon will minimise a window (Shrinking it to a button at the bottom of your screen). The second one switches between maximising the window (so it fills the screen) and restoring the window to its normal size. Programs like Word are usually best used in their maximised state. The third icon closes a window when clicked.
Tool Bar – The tool bar contains icons that give quick access to commonly used features.
Rulers – The two rules can be used not only for measurements but can also be used to assist in adjusting tabs and margins.
Task Pane – This area has a number of functions. It will automatically appear when you are working on certain tasks and will display shortcuts to common functions.
Status Bar – Displays information about the current document and also provides quick access to some functions.
Tip : If you have several documents open at once and you want to close or save them all at the same time, hold down the [Shift] key while you click on the File menu. The Close command will change to Close All and the Save command will be changed to Save All.
Opening a Word document
Moving around a document
Tip: In a large document with a lot of pages, you can double-click the page number indicator and then enter a page number to quickly jump to that page
Scrolling Through a Document.
Click to move up one line at a time Scroll box – hold click your mouse button on this and drag up to quickly move up or down through the document. Click to move down one line at a time Split screen marker – can be dragged or double-clicked down to show different parts of the same document in a split-screen view Click above the scroll box to move up one screen at a time. Click below the scroll box to move down one screen at a time .
Using the Mouse Wheel to Move Through a Document
Tip: In Word and many other programs, holding down [Ctrl] while you roll the mouse wheel will zoom in and out on the document.
Moving Using the Keyboard
1) Press the [End] key to move to the end of the current line.
2) Press the [Home] key to move to the beginning of the current line.
3) Hold down the [Ctrl] key and press the [End] key. This will take you to the end of the document.
4) Press [Ctrl] [Home] to move to the beginning of the document.
5) Hold down [Ctrl] and press the down arrow key [ ]. This will move down one paragraph at a time.
6) Press [Ctrl] [ ] to move up one paragraph at a time.
7) Press [Ctrl] [ ] to move right one word at a time.
8) Press [Ctrl] [ ] to move left one word at a time.
9) Press [Page Down] to move down one screen at a time.
10) Press [Page Up] to move up one screen at a time.
11) Press [Ctrl] [Page Down] to move to the top of the next page.
12) Press [Ctrl] [Page Up] to move to the top of the previous page.
Tip : If you have more than one document open in Word, you can use the [Ctrl] [F6] shortcut to switch between them
Inserting and Deleting Text
Butttons: [Delete] or [Backspace]
Tip : Use [Ctrl] + [Delete] or [Ctrl] + [Backspace]
Caution: Sometimes Word may be set to Overtype mode so that what you type replaces existing text instead of being inserted in front of existing text. When Overtype mode is turned on and indicator will be highlighted in the status bar at the bottom of the window. You can turn overtype off or on by either double-clicking the indicator or by pressing the [Ins] (Insert) key.
Selecting Text Using the Mouse
To select a lot of text: Select the beginning and the end holding down [Shift]
To select a row: put the pointer to the left of the text and click when it turns to an arrow. You can aslo click and drag up or down to select several rows.
To select a whole word: double-click on the word.
To select a whole paragraph: click three times
Tip : If you already have text selected then holding down the [Ctrl] key will allow you to select additional text, even if there is a gap between the areas you are selecting. This allows you to select more than one area at the same time.
Selecting Text Using the Keyboard
To select text: [Shift] + [arrows]
To select a whole word: [Ctrl] + [Shift] + [arrows]
F8 (to select any text you move over)
Press F8 twice to select a word
Press F8 three times to select a sentence
Press F8 four times to select a paragraph
Press F8 five times to select the whole document
Press [Esc] to turn off extend mode
Shortcut to select all: [Ctrl] + [E]
Copying and Moving Text
Moving Text Using Cut & Paste
Moving Text Using Copy & Paste
Tip: Experienced users of Word often find that the quickest way to use Cut, Copy & Paste is to use the keyboard shortcuts. Because the X, C, and V key are all next to the left [Ctrl] key, it is very easy to use those shortcuts with your left hand, leaving your right hand to select with your mouse.
Drag & Drop Editing
Tip : If you hold down [Ctrl] while you are dragging selected text, you will be copying instead of moving.
TEXT EDITING Shortcuts covered in this section Move up one screen PageUp Move down one screen PageDown Move to the beginning of a line Home Activate Extend mode for text selection F8 Move to the end of a line End Cut selected text Ctrl + X Paste text from the clipboard Ctrl + V Move to the previous page Ctrl + PageUp Move to the next page Ctrl + PageDown Open a file. Ctrl + O Move to the beginning of a document Ctrl + Home Move to the end of a document Ctrl + End Delete a whole word to the right Ctrl + Delete Copy selected text Ctrl + C Delete a whole word to the left Ctrl + Backspace Select all text in a document Ctrl + E Move left or right one word at a time Ctrl or Move up or down one paragraph at a time Ctrl or
Spell Checking a Document (F7)
AutoCorrect and AutoFormat
Using the AutoCorrect Feature
Smart tags: give you quick access to certain features.
AutoText is a feature of Word which allows you to automatically insert frequently used text. The amount of text could be anything from a single word to a whole page’s worth of text and can even include non-text elements such as pictures. Some common words and phrases such as names of months & days are already built in to Word’s AutoText feature and you can also add your own. Any new entries you add will be available for use in all documents you create.
Using Built-in AutoText:
press [Enter] to complete a word when recognized by Word.
Press F3 if you want Word to complete the word for you.
Creating an AutoText entry
From the Insert menu select AutoText and then New (or press [Alt] [F3])
Click OK to confirm the name for the AutoText entry.
Previewing and printing a document
Using print preview
Using page set up
Printing a document
TEXT TOOLS Shortcuts covered in this section Spelling and Grammar Check. F7 Complete an AutoText entry. F3 Undo the last change. Ctrl + Z Repeat the last change. Ctrl + Y Display the printing options / Print a document. Ctrl + P Display / hide the Task Pane. Ctrl + F1 Create a new AutoText entry from the selected text. Alt + F3
The formatting toolbar
Note : You can find out the purpose of many icons by moving your mouse over them and seeing the Tool Tip which appears after a couple of seconds
Character Formatting using the Toolbar Icon
Changing Font Colour
Using the Format Painter
Click on the icon to copy format once
Double-click on the icon to copy format several times
Using the Font Dialog Box for Formatting
Use F4 to repeat the last format change as many times as you want
Format menu – changing case
[Shift] [F3]: This is a quick way of switching between Uppercase, Lowercase and Sentence Case.
Formatting Before Typing
CHARACTER FORMATTING Shortcuts covered in this section Change case of selected text Shift + F3 Repeat the last action. F4 Turn underline formatting on and off. Ctrl + S Double Underline formatting. Ctrl Shift D Turn italics formatting on and off. Ctrl + K Turn bold formatting on and off. Ctrl + N
Displaying Hidden Character
Show/Hide icon ¶
Paragraph endings will be indicated by the ¶ symbol.
You will also see other hidden characters shown, such as tabs and blank spaces
Paragraph Spacing Options
Adjusting Paragraph Spacing
Format menu - paragraph
Adjusting Line Spacing
Format menu - paragraph
Click the arrow next to the Line Spacing icon on the toolbar.
Press [Ctrl] +  to change the paragraph to double line spacing.
Press [Ctrl] +  to change the paragraph to single line spacing.
Press [Ctrl] +  to change the paragraph to 1.5 line spacing.
Alignment and Indentation
Changing Paragraph Alignment
Left alignment: click icon or press [Ctrl] [L]
Right alignment: click icon or press [Ctrl] [R]
Centered alignment: click icon or press [Ctrl] [E]
Justified paragraph: click icon or press [Ctrl] [J]
Changing Indentation Option
Increase Indent icon on the toolbar or press [Alt] [Shift] [ ]
Decrease Indent icon or press [Alt] [Shift] [ ]
Format menu – paragraph – set indentation (special*)
PARAGRAPH FORMATTING Adjusts the first line indent Adjusts the left indent for all but the first line Left indent marker Right indent marker Tip : Hold [Alt] to be more precise with measurements.
Page Breaks and Other Breaks
Menu Insert – Break – Page break
Format – paragraph – line and page breaks (tab)
Page Headers & Footers
Adding Headers & Footers
View menu – headers and footers
Modifying the Page Number Format
Double-click to edit the footer
PARAGRAPH FORMATTING Shortcuts covered in this section Insert a line break in a paragraph. Shift + Enter Right align paragraphs. Ctrl + R Left align paragraphs. Ctrl + L Justify aligns paragraphs. Ctrl + J Insert a page break. Ctrl + Enter Centre align paragraphs. Ctrl + E 1.5 line spacing. Ctrl + 5 Double line spacing. Ctrl + 2 Single line spacing. Ctrl + 1 Decrease paragraph indent (or decrease level – covered later on). Alt + Shift + “left arrow” Increase paragraph indent (or increase level – covered later on). Alt + Shift + “right arrow”
TABS AND LISTS
Creating a Simple Tabbed List
Setting a Tab Stop
Aligned Tab Stops
Left: The left edge of text after the tab will line up with the tab stop.
Centre: The centre of text after the tab will line up with the tab stop.
Right: The right edge of text after the tab will line up with the tab stop.
Decimal: If the text after the tab is a number with a decimal point, the decimal point will be lined up with the tab stop
Bar: A vertical bar will be placed in line with the tab stop
TABS AND LISTS
Creating Tab Stops With Leader
With a tab leader you can fill the blank space of a tab with a line.
Format menu – Tabs
TABS AND LISTS
Bulleted and Numbered List
Using AutoFormat to Create List
Type * and then [Tab]: type and press [Enter]
Converting Existing Paragraphs to List
Customising a Bulleted and numbered lists
Format menu - bullets and numbering – customize
Nested lists (lists within lists)
You can use the Insert Table icon on the toolbar
You can use the Insert Table dialog box
You can use the table drawing tools
Merging and Splitting Cells
Selecting Parts of a Table
Insert and delete rows and columns
Tip : There is an easy way to add a new row to the bottom of a table. If you are in the very last cell of a table, pressing [Tab] will add an extra row
Note : You will notice that pressing [Tab] in a table will move to the next cell instead of adding a tab. If you want to add a tab in a table you need to press [Ctrl] [Tab]