NETWORKED
INTIMATE
CITIZENSHIP
mediated social change?
Sonja Vivienne
Post-Doctoral Research Fellow
CfCSC, UQ
1

2

3

context

practice

questions
social change
erosive cultural change?
1
theoretical
context
networked
individualism
intimate publics

private spheres
networked + intimate
+ citizenship
digital dualism
privacy & publicness
surveillance &
self-exposure
mediated
practice

2
home/less
• birth/death
• adulthood

•

state/less
• gender
• dis-ability
•

citizenship
• sexuality
• marriage/family
•

...
‘work, love, play’
Hmong child marriage
voluntary euthanasia
‘transition support services’
‘aged care, digital lifestyles’
hearing voices
creative workshops
multi-platform
mapping practice
participatory action research
research
questions

3
identity

belonging

INTIMACY

CITIZENSHIP

private

public
negotiated
NETWORKS
mediated
how do we,
in transgressive transitions,
speak across differences
among networked publics,
to catalyse change?
how can people & platforms
mediate this process sustainably?
significance
affective nuanced data,
influencing policy,
education, law reform...
Q&A?
sonja vivienne
+61(0) 418 660 908

s.vivienne@uq.edu.au
Skype: sonjavi
Twitter: @sonjaviv
www.incitestories.com.au
ww...
image attributions:
‘Signs of Change: Social Movement Cultures 1960s to Now’ by Exit Art www.flickr.com/photos/45638810@N0...
bibliography:
Berlant, L. (1997). The Queen of America goes to Washington City: Essays on Sex and Citizenship. Durham & Lo...
Networked Intimate Citizenship: mediated social change?
Networked Intimate Citizenship: mediated social change?
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Networked Intimate Citizenship: mediated social change?

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a proposition for digital intervention - this framework maps well onto many prospective case studies - but does it constitute mediated social change?

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  • Networked Intimate Citizenship : mediated social change?
    (a proposed intervention)
    In this presentation I hope to engage you all in exploration of a concept… and a research proposal that has emerged out of my phd
    DST as a mode of everyday activism...
    inspired by the CFP calling for ‘the disruptive use of digital interventions in creative practice’ I’m hoping to find other researchers who are interested in collaborating on a proposed ‘intervention’
    So this presentation is essentially an interrogation of this idea of ‘networked intimate citizenship’ – whether it is a useful framework and whether it might operate as a tool - a form of mediated social change?
  • firstly I’ll offer a broad social context - then some definitions and brief theoretical context... then I’ll tell you a little bit more about the theory and ideas in practice - via previous research and proposed future case studies... finally seek your feedback in framing research questions...
  • First of all - what is social change? In the ‘old days’ of b&w photography it was manifest in street protests... and framed by social movements ‘collective, organized, sustained & noninstitutional challenge to authorities, powerholders or cultural beliefs & practices’ (Goodwin & Jasper, 2003)
    but (I challenge you to answer) how have traditional processes of social change been altered by ubiquitous technology, and in particular everyday non-normative identity construction…
    > everyday activism = slow, hard to measure> personal exposure in public spaces… using body/identity/actions in everyday life… to contribute to erosive cultural change > revealing new profound meanings, understandings... that already were...
  • it’s a slow process involving mixed metaphors… where every voice constitutes a drop in the ocean... apparently insignificant but nevertheless contributing to a wave... and a wave that has erosive impact on apparently solid objects like beaches, rocks, social institutions and cultural understandings of apparently ‘natural’ things like gender and privacy...
    However I suggest that new ‘EROSIVE social change’ change is mediated and potentially facilitated by technology ... like this photo... digitally altered, sometimes in ways that are barely discernible... but nevertheless they have a profound impact on the ‘whole’ scenario...
  • my phd research was an ethnographic exploration of the use of digital stories as tools for everyday activism. I worked with people who were learning to make brief autobiographical videos about their personal lives in the hope of challenging stereotypes about gender & sexuality & eventually catalysing social change... I facilitated some workshops in a fairly traditional face to face manner, and also experimented with ‘virtual workshops’.
    I curate this site - RFT - where people can watch the stories and visit forums to learn how to make them... or swap strategies on ‘everyday activism’ for example whether or not to take your kids along to a same-sex marriage rally that has a history of being dogged by some quite abusive right-wing homophobes from ‘Street Church’ in Adelaide...
    Some storytellers are identifiable by their personal photographs and voice, others used creative means to conceal identity and use pseudonyms on the site.
  • ‘My Secret Story’ is one of these - made by ‘Frank’ an out gay man who wanted to talk about his seroconversion (something he’d never told even close friends about) - not out as positive to his rural community and felt there was high risk of negative ramifications if he was... also allowed him to explore guilt linked to christianity and internalised homophobia...
    another story ‘Blue for Boys? Pink for Girls?’ was made by the parents of a trans child... they needed to conceal any link their activism & pride that may reveal biological/genetic origins of child - she may wish as an adult to identify simply as ‘female’ rather than transgender... conflict in that they also passionately wanted to change the world she was growing up in by challenging gender norms and bigotry...
  • have offered broad social context and brief significance... now some specific definitions drawn from specific theoretical contexts...
  • Networks (Rainie, Rainie, & Wellman, 2012)
    daily life is perpetual connectedness - has arisen from 'triple revolution' - social networking, internet capacity to facilitate voice, always on connectivity of mobile devices = 'networked individualism' requires skills & strategies to balance multiple overlapping publics but also expands opportunities for learning, sharing, problem solving & decision making
    Intimate Publics (Berlant, 1997)
    not chest-baring autobiographical confession (although some of it is) rather participants have shared worldview - shaping both content they consume, their experience of belonging and their self-representation
    Private & Public Spheres (Fraser, 1990; Livingstone, 2005; Papacharissi, 2010; Young, 2011)
    Livingstone - in order to participate publicly we draw on private lived experiences & constraints
    Fraser, Young - public sphere should accommodate diverse speaking styles & narrative modalities along with capacity to listen across difference
  • Intimate Citizenship (Plummer, 2003)
    ‘asserting the right to choose what we do with ‘our bodies, our feelings, our identities, our relationships, our genders, our eroticisms and our representations’ (Plummer, 2002, p17).
    Networked Intimate Citizenship
    Networked Intimate Citizenship – updated for digital revolution - individual capacity to speak across differences in values, capabilities, social capital, locative time & space - face to face and synchronous and online and distributed. Networked Intimate Citizenship requires digital agency and ownership of fluid but congruent self-representation, and requires negotiation of privacy and publicness; self-exposure in the face of surveillance and risk of retribution. Key to the concept is an assumption that empowerment of previously marginalised people will lead to gradual but sustainable (erosive) social change.
  • much discussion of digital interventions in communication, identity construction and social change fall into - digital dualism (Cyborgology)
    Led by the Sherry Turkle camp of constant digital connection reduces our capacity to engage face to face, cyberbullying so much more pervasive and dangerous than face to face bullying etc...
    all based on mutual exclusion imagining a world where we can either be online or not (like in the old days). Jurgenson among others proposes digital dualism as a fallacy... just like this airport scan is digitally mediated the person it represents is also ‘irl’ - in real life...
  • digitally mediated identity construction and everyday activism is more complicated than digital dualism allows for - like this photograph many layers and meanings - ‘don’t worry we’re from the internet’ a popular meme, guy fawkes masks worn by members of ‘anonymous’ to conceal identity in public... also enables activist voice...
  • how do marginalised or ‘at risk’ people manage privacy and publicness in a world where they are, arguably, simultaneously online and face to face
    drawing on work by Bernie Hogan (in which he argues that unlike Goffman’s ‘stage’ digital self-representation is an ‘exhibition’ - curated by platforms like facebook... but also potentially curated by digitally literate users of platforms - seizing agency (over the process of self-representation) and ownership (of it’s distributed and evolving form)
  • in the next couple of slides I’ll introduce some prospective case studies and a methodological approach for further research...
  • Transgressive Transitions - moments in life when change transforms
    •sense of belonging to a place (home-less, state-less)
    •way of being (gender, sexuality, dis-ability)
    •or rite of passage (birth, death, becoming family, married couple)...
    •
    some of these transitions are less socially acceptable than others – for example becoming a teenager can be quite disturbing but puberty generally easier to deal with if you feel comfortable with the biological gender that you were born with…
    for the socially maligned - sharing intimacies in transition affirms connectedness and builds self-empowerment... building connections across time & space... speaking across differences... catalysing erosive social change?
    New York teenage Jamey Rodemeyer was a prolific user of social media and posted a video on youtube for ‘It Gets Better’ only to experience escalated bullying... he hanged himself in 2011 as a result... can’t be certain, but it’s POSSIBLE that if the gaps between his face to face and online networks were consolidated and affirmed he may have survived the torment? Make it Better Project - run by the Gay-Straight Alliance in US aims to make proactive interventions in schools by bringing together students, parents, teachers, friends...
  • same-sex parented families & gay marriage
  • Hmong community reforming cultural value of young women, marriage & education - Cambodia
  • NIC as modelled by people like Philip Nitschke
  • indigenous youth transitioning from rural homes to urban boarding schools
  • overcoming isolation in ‘Aged Care, Digital Lifestyles’ intervention
  • international social movement of voice hearers - people who are challenging purely medicalised approaches to schizophrenia and psychosis
  • workshops drawing on creativity inspired by DST story circle - questions like ‘tell a story about your name... a favourite object, person, memory’. Tell it in multiple forms (dance, music, photography, haiku, art)
    PAR action-research cycle... workshops drawing on creativity inspired by DST story circle & narrative practice - questions like ‘tell a story about your name... a favourite object, person, memory’. Tell it in multiple forms (dance, music, photography, haiku, art) on multiple platforms (flickr, twitter, facebook, blog) and for multiple publics...
  • on multiple platforms (flickr, twitter, facebook, blog) and for multiple publics...
  • map these publics in a similar fashion to tree-of-life affirming strengths, creating ‘definitional ceremonies’, re-membering (Myerhoff) consolidating NETWORKED connections f2f & offline...
  • question positioned from within... examines existing networked self-representation/communication and, in turn, disseminates a model of networked intimate citizenship... objective framed as social change - cohort defined as ‘at risk, in transition’
  • question positioned from within... examines existing networked self-representation/communication and, in turn, disseminates a model of networked intimate citizenship... objective framed as social change - cohort defined as ‘at risk, in transition’
  • Obviously new understanding in this area is significant because...
    boyd asks in Sep SMC post - discussion of monitoring: how do we leverage the visibility of online content to see and hear youth in a healthy way? How do we use the technologies that we have to protect them rather than focusing on punishing them? Who is doing the looking and for what purpose?
    In the rh article we see proud neo-nazis in russia upload photos of victimised gay youth they have tracked down via the very same online social networks that those youth are using to seek support...
    in the third image we see an old white educated man positioned as expert on cyberbullying... I’m proposing participatory action research that is ethnographic, situated in communities at the bleeding edge - hopefully with meaningful outcomes for both participants and policy makers, educators, social service providers...
  • NOT changing the shape of the Barbie doll just understanding the many ways we look at it, play with it etc.
  • Networked Intimate Citizenship: mediated social change?

    1. 1. NETWORKED INTIMATE CITIZENSHIP mediated social change? Sonja Vivienne Post-Doctoral Research Fellow CfCSC, UQ
    2. 2. 1 2 3 context practice questions
    3. 3. social change
    4. 4. erosive cultural change?
    5. 5. 1 theoretical context
    6. 6. networked individualism intimate publics private spheres
    7. 7. networked + intimate + citizenship
    8. 8. digital dualism
    9. 9. privacy & publicness
    10. 10. surveillance & self-exposure
    11. 11. mediated practice 2
    12. 12. home/less • birth/death • adulthood • state/less • gender • dis-ability • citizenship • sexuality • marriage/family • transgressive transitions
    13. 13. ‘work, love, play’
    14. 14. Hmong child marriage
    15. 15. voluntary euthanasia
    16. 16. ‘transition support services’
    17. 17. ‘aged care, digital lifestyles’
    18. 18. hearing voices
    19. 19. creative workshops
    20. 20. multi-platform
    21. 21. mapping practice
    22. 22. participatory action research
    23. 23. research questions 3
    24. 24. identity belonging INTIMACY CITIZENSHIP private public negotiated NETWORKS mediated
    25. 25. how do we, in transgressive transitions, speak across differences among networked publics, to catalyse change?
    26. 26. how can people & platforms mediate this process sustainably?
    27. 27. significance
    28. 28. affective nuanced data, influencing policy, education, law reform...
    29. 29. Q&A? sonja vivienne +61(0) 418 660 908 s.vivienne@uq.edu.au Skype: sonjavi Twitter: @sonjaviv www.incitestories.com.au www.rainbowfamilytree.com
    30. 30. image attributions: ‘Signs of Change: Social Movement Cultures 1960s to Now’ by Exit Art www.flickr.com/photos/45638810@N00/2876711636 via Compfight - cc - by-nc-nd ‘Texture/Background 5’ by Brenda Clarke http://www.flickr.com/photos/37753256@N08/5079828996 via Compfight - cc - by-nc-nd ‘Privacy, health, fears over airport X-ray’ by publik16 http://www.flickr.com/photos/22941790@N02/2904857669 via Compfight - cc - by-nc-nd ‘2nd Anoniversary 13’ by Anonymous9000 http://www.flickr.com/photos/25414324@N02/4280254856 via Compfight - cc - by-nc-nd ‘From Music to microfluidics’ by Steve Jurvetson http://www.flickr.com/photos/44124348109@N01/6884784313 via Compfight - cc - by-nc-nd SMC blog: http://socialmediacollective.org/2013/09/24/monitoring-youth/ Russia’s neo-nazi sport: http://www.theverge.com/2013/8/7/4595246/russia-anti-gay-neo-nazis-bully-teens-on-social-media-occupy-pedofilyay ‘Cyberbullying Law and the New School Year’ by CT Senate Democrats: http://www.flickr.com/photos/44616579@N05/6124355293 via Compfight - cc - by-nc-nd ‘Networked’ Cover: http://ecx.images-amazon.com/images/I/413hdpXZ2IL.jpg ‘The Female Complaint’ Cover: http://www.dukeupress.edu/Assets/Books/978-0-8223-4202-1_pr.jpg ‘A Private Sphere’ Cover: http://www.polity.co.uk/digitalmediaandsociety/images/covers/large/private_sphere.jpg ‘Intimate Citizenship’ Cover: http://www.mqup.ca/filebin/images/products/zoom/9780773526570.jpg Rainbow Family Tree homepage: www.rainbowfamilytree.com ‘My Secret Story’ still excerpt from ‘My Secret Story’ by Frank IMG_0800 by Mutiara Karina http://www.flickr.com/photos/76578519@N00/6007119407 via Compfight - cc - by-nc-nd ‘_DSC1397’ by Rusty Stewart http://www.flickr.com/photos/41811035@N00/3828188441 via Compfight - cc - by-nc-nd ‘Sapa, Vietnam’ by Trung Nguyen http://www.flickr.com/photos/74517292@N00/3038180086 via Compfight - cc - by-nc-nd Life saving tips for young muslims: http://www.dulwichcentre.com.au/images/site/lifesaving.jpg Same-sex parenting: http://www.australianmarriageequality.com/wp/wp-content/uploads/2013/06/pram-and-rainbow-flaglrg.jpg Nursing Home neglect: http://kanelegal.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/08/nursing.png Old & dying: http://www.kentuckyinjurylawyerblog.com/afc6092bec1ebaf3592320d3bb538e76.jpg Corporate Art: http://www.artgallery.wa.gov.au/events_programs/images/corporate_art_workshop_2.JPG Tree of Life: http://www.dulwichcentre.com.au/images/stories/cover_p5.jpg ‘The FlickVerse 2005 Poster’ by GustavoG http://www.flickr.com/photos/80122196@N00/9708628 via Compfight - cc - by-nc-nd Barbie low angle: http://keepingupwiththeholsbys.files.wordpress.com/2012/07/barbie.jpg?w=490&h=367
    31. 31. bibliography: Berlant, L. (1997). The Queen of America goes to Washington City: Essays on Sex and Citizenship. Durham & London: Duke University Press. Berlant, L. (2008). The Female Complaint: the unfinished business of sentimentality in American Culture. Durham & London: Duke University Press. boyd, danah. (2008, Fall). Taken Out of Context: American Teen Sociality in Networked Publics (PHD in Information Management and Systems). University of California, Berkeley. Ellis, K., & Kent, M. (2010). Disability and New Media. Taylor & Francis. Giddens, A. (1992). The Transformation of Intimacy: Sexuality, Love and Eroticism in Modern Societies. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press. Goffman, E. (1963). Stigma: Notes on the Management of Spoiled Identity. New York: Simon & Schuster. Hogan, B. (2010). The Presentation of Self in the Age of Social Media: Distinguishing Performances and Exhibitions Online. Bulletin of Science, Technology & Society, 30(6), 377 –386. Hyvärinen, M., Hyden, L.-C., Saarenheimo, M., & Tamboukou, M. (Eds.). (2010). Beyond Narrative Coherence. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company. Jurgenson, N. (2011, February 24). Digital Dualism versus Augmented Reality  » Cyborgology. Cyborgology. Retrieved November 20, 2013, from http://thesocietypages.org/cyborgology/2011/02/24/digital-dualism-versus-augmented-reality/ Lange, P. (2008). Publicly Private and Privately Public: Social Networking on YouTube. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 13, 361–380. Livingstone, S. M. (2005). Audiences and publics: when cultural engagement matters for the public sphere. Bristol: Intellect. Myerhoff, B. (1982). Life History among the elderly: Performance, visibility and re-membering. In J. Ruby (Ed.), A Crack in the Mirror: Reflexive Perspectives in Anthropology. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press. Papacharissi, Z. A. (2010). A Private Sphere: Democracy in a Digital Age. Cambridge: Polity. Plummer, K. (2003). Intimate Citizenship: Private Decisions and Public Dialogues. University of Washington Press. Rainie, H., Rainie, L., & Wellman, B. (2012). Networked: The New Social Operating System. MIT Press. Van Dijck, J. (2013). “You have one identity”: performing the self on Facebook and LinkedIn. Media, Culture & Society, 35(2), 199–215. Vivienne, S. (2009). Rainbow Family Tree. Retrieved from www.rainbowfamilytree.com Vivienne, S. (2013). Digital Storytelling as Everyday Activism: Queer Identity, Voice and Networked Publics. Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane. Weintraub, J. A., & Kumar, K. (1997). Public and Private in Thought and Practice: Perspectives on a Grand Dichotomy. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

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