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MUJERES EN LA CIENCIA

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Guía didáctica sobre el papel de la mujer en la ciencia

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Transcript of "MUJERES EN LA CIENCIA"

  1. 1.           
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  9. 9. D('(+-(+S2F'2(*+aH2+N"N".+KH'(>#2+-&)+)"%-&)+E+0+EE*+/H2+-(+ V'"12'(+1HJ2'+(-aH"1")#(+0+aH"I$+)2(+-(+V'"12'(+K2K"3(K(+ (+-(+3"2>3"(+2>+-(+L)3H2-(+K2+U-2J(>K'(: X(1F"G>+2)+3&>)"K2'(K(+ 3&1&+ -(+ V'"12'(+ 1HJ2'+">N2>7 #&'(*+0+)2+-2+(#'"FH02>+#'2)+K")V&)"#"N&)*+aH2+ `(>+V2'KH'(K&+g (-%H>&)+3&>+&#'&)+>&1F'2)g+`()#(+-(+(3#H(-"K(Ko+2-+%+#.#g-$+?%+&$'+&,#*#&)%&$*+(V('(#&+ V('(+K2)#"-('C*+ 2-+g&+-%4g#$+?*&/(&K-'7-+)-*+ ('#"-H%"&+V('(+ -(+ K2)#"-(3".>+ 3&>#">H(+ 0+ 2_#'(33".>+KH'(>#2+-(+#'(>)1H#(3".>+K2+12#(-2)C+0+2-+.4K-'2&'84+F4+?2-+&'"%">(-+2'(+ H>+ F(]&+ K2+ ('2>(+ 0+ 32>"I()+ gV('(+ 3&>)2'N('+12J&'+ 2-+ 3(-&'g*+ aH2+ 3(-2>#(F(+ &#'&+ '23"V"2>#2+ 3&>+ (%H(+ aH2+ (+ )H+ N2I+ 3(-2>#(F(+ (-+ )"%H"2>#2m+ K2)VHG)+ aH2K('(+ )">+ -(+ ('2>(*+).-&+3&>+2-+(%H(+aH2+K2F2+`2'N"'+0+2)#2+N(V&'+3(-2>#('(+&#'&+'23"V"2>#2m+2-+aH2+ )2+V&>2+p(-+F(]&+K2+1('(qC: D('(+2)3'"F".+N('"&)+#2_#&)+)&F'2+(-aH"1"(+g(H>aH2+>">%H>&+`(+)&F'2N"N"K&+2>+)H+ /&'1(+ &'"%">(-g+ 3&1&+ 2-+ c#G1-<-' 2&' e4+F4' 6' D+-$*+ 2>+ K&>K2+ 2)#$>+ K2)3'"#()+ &+ >&1F'(K()+(-%H>()+K2+ -()+F()2)+K2+-(+(-aH"1"(+ &33"K2>#(-o+-2H3&)")*+_(>#&)")*+$3"K&+ K2+-(+)(-+1('">(*+$3"K&+(3G#"3&+&+'232#()+V('(+`(32'+&'&:+!&'+2--&+VH2K2+3&>)"K2'(')2+ H>(+K2+-()+V'23H')&'()+K2+-(+aH1"3(+1&K2'>(: ! & 76"860$609/:"/6 @%)L(+M#(%)%"56+M+=.%)C+#&OPC% !
  10. 10. e(3".+2>+U-2J(>K'(+2>+-(+)2%H>K(+1"#(K+K2-+)"%-&+E<:+ Q2+ 2KH3.+2>+H>+(1F"2>#2+(3(KG1"3&+0+3H-#&+%'(3"()+(+ )H+ V(K'2+ 0+ 1(2)#'&+ X2.>*+ 1(#21$#"3&+ 0+ ()#'.>&1&*+ V2'&+)H+3H'"&)"K(K+">#2-23#H(-+-2+ --2N(+(+3&>N2'#"')2+2>+ H>(+,"-.)&/(+0+3"2>#,"3(+2_32V3"&>(-: QH+3()(+/H2+H>+32>#'&+K2+2>)2](>I(+(-+aH2+(3HK(>+2)#HK"(>#2)+K2)K2+-H%('2)+1H0+ -2J(>&)*+ (#'(K&)+V&'+)H+/(1(+K2+)(F"(+0+1(2)#'(:+UK21$)+K2+ )(F"(+ 0+%'(>+&'(K&'(*+ /H2+ H>(+1HJ2'+">K2V2>K"2>#2*+V&-#"3(12>#2+">,-H02>#2*+aH2+>&+aH")&+3&>N2'#"')2+(-+ 3'")#"(>")1&+ 0*+ aH"I$+ N"'%2>*+ 2>#'2%(K(+ 3&1V-2#(12>#2+ (-+ 3&>&3"1"2>#&:+ ;&12>#.+ %'(>K2)+&F'()+K2+-(+1(#21$#"3(+ %'"2%(*+3&1&+-(+D+#%8d%#,4+K2+ ="&/(>#&*+-()+B0)#,4$+ K2+UV&-&>"&*+2-+-"F'&+EEE+K2-+D184<&$%-+K2+!#&-&12&*+0+#(-+N2I+3&-(F&'.+3&>+)H+V(K'2+ 2>+&#'&)+3&12>#('"&): L)3'"F".+1$)+K2+ 3H('2>#(+ -"F'&)*+ 2>#'2+ 2--&)+ 2-+ B4)-)' D$%+-)08#,-' 2&' c#-I4)%-*+ ">N2>#.+2-+V-(>")/2'"&+0+3&>)#'H0.+(-%H>&)+">)#'H12>#&)+3"2>#,"3&)*+3&1&+H>+()#'&7 -(F"&+V-(>&+0+H>+`"K'&)3&V"&:+DH'".+2-+(]&+B@4+(+1(>&)+K2+H>+%'HV&+K2+3'")#"(>&)+ 2_(-#(K&)+?-(+K2)>HK('&>*+%&-V2('&>*+K2)3H('#"I('&>+0+V()2('&>+)H)+'2)#&)C*+(-+N2')2+ 2>+12K"&+K2+-(+-H3`(+'2-"%"&)(+2>#'2+2-+3'")#"(>")1&+0+2-+V(%(>")1&*+0+V&-#"3(*+2>#'2+ 2-+!'2/23#&+K2-+E1V2'"&+[&1(>&*+Z'2)#2)+?(-H1>&+K2+S"V(#"(+0+K2-+aH2+/H2+3&>)2J2'(C*+ 0+ 2-+ !(#'"('3(+ K2+ U-2J(>K'(+ ?&F")V&+ 3'")#"(>&C*+ ;"'"-&*+ aH"2>+ &'K2>.+ )H+ 1H2'#2:+ S"V(#"(+)2+`(+3&>N2'#"K&+2>+2-+)1F&-&+K2+-(+1HJ2'+3"2>#,"3(: ! ' 9-;6<6 ! F2M:0"0)'#)"%)C+#&C+%)Q)M#&=%A#(%)'#")=%:#(
  11. 11. e(3".+2>+S(>>&N2'+?!'H)"(C+2-+(]&+@948+2>+H>(+/(1"-"(+K2+ 3-()2+ 12K"(:+ Y()+ `"J()+/H2'&>+ 2KH3(K()+ V('(+ )2'+2)V&)()+ 0+ '2(-"I('+ -()+ -(F&'2)+ K&1G)#"3()+ 0+ -&)+ `"J&)+ '23"F"2'&>+ H>(+ 2KH3(3".>+V&-"/(3G#"3(*+(+-(+aH2+)2+)H1('(+;('&-">2: X'()+-(+ 1H2'#2+K2+)H+V(K'2*+)2+ 1('3`.+(+E>%-(#2''(+JH>#&+(+ )H+`2'1(>&+r"--"(1:+ UK21$)+K2+-(+1d)"3(*+3&1V('#(+3&>+G-+)H+(,"3".>+(+-(+()#'&>&1(*+aH2+G-+3&>N"'#".+2>+ V'&/2)".>+ 3H(>K&+ 2-+ '20+ T&'%2+ EEE+ -2+ ()"%>.+ H>+ )(-('"&+ #'()+ )H+ K2)3HF'"1"2>#&+ K2+ M'(>&:+ ;('&-">2+ 3&-(F&'.+ )"21V'2+ 3&>+ r"--"(1+ /(F'"3(>K&+ #2-2)3&V"&)*+ '2(-"I(>K&+ 3$-3H-&)+1(#21$#"3&)*+3(#(-&%(>K&*+'2N")(>K&+0+(>(-"I(>K&+)H)+&F)2'N(3"&>2)*+-&+aH2+ K('(+ "1V&'#(>#2)+ /'H#&)*+ 3&1&+ 2-+ K2)3HF'"1"2>#&+ K2+ -(+ 2_")#2>3"(+ K2+ 2)#'2--()+ K&F-2):+!2'&+#(1F"G>+K2)(''&--('(+)H+V'&V"&+#'(F(J&+3&1&+()#'.>&1(+V'&/2)"&>(-+K2+ -(+ 3&'#2:+ PH2+ -(+ V'"12'(+ 1HJ2'+ 2>+ K2)3HF'"'+H>+ 3&12#(*+ K2#23#.+H>+ #&#(-+ K2+ &3`&+ 3&12#()*+'2N").+0+&'K2>.+2-+3(#$-&%&+2)#2-('+K2+P-(1)#22K*+(](K"2>K&+4A8+2)#'2--()*+0+ )H+3(#$-&%&+K2+6488+>2FH-&)()+-2+N(-".+-(+D2K(--(+K2+Z'&+K2+ -(+f-641'D$%+-)-8#,41' @-,#&%6*+K2+-(+aH2+/H2+1"21F'&+`&>&'('"&+?-(+V'"12'(+1HJ2'*+JH>#&+(+D('0+Q&12'N"--2*+ 2>+ '23"F"'+2)2+ ##H-&C:+L>+ @566*+ #'()+-(+ 1H2'#2+ K2+ )H+`2'1(>&*+ '2%'2).+(+S(>>&N2':+ ;&>N2'#"K(+2>+H>(+32-2F'"K(K+2>+2-+1H>K&+3"2>#,"3&*+2-+'20+P2K2'"3&+OH"--2'1&+E<+K2+ !'H)"(+-2+&#&'%.+-(+e&24114'2&'h+-'2&'B#&),#4$:+P(--23".+2>+@5B5*+(+-(+2K(K+K2+b9+(]&): () R#)C%&.%&.#)%)%=.(S&0M% !! =6"%$-(/0>+,"/<609/"3,?/$
  12. 12. e(3".+2>+!(')+2-+(]&+@99A+2>+H>(+/(1"-"(+FH'%H2)(+ aH2+ V('#"3"V.+ 2>+ -(+ '2N&-H3".>+ /'(>32)(:+ =H'(>#2+ -(+ 1")1(+ )2+ '2/H%".+ 2>+ 3()(+ 0+ K2K"3.+ )H+ #"21V&+ (+ -(+ -23#H'(+K2+-"F'&)+K2+-(+F"F-"&#23(:+L)#HK".+1(#21$#"3()+ V&'+)H+3H2>#(*+(H>aH2+3&>+-(+ &V&)"3".>+K2+)H+/(1"-"(+?K2+>&3`2+-2+aH"#(F(>+-(+ -HI*+-(+3(-2/(33".>+0+-(+'&V(C:+;&1&+>&+V&K(+(3HK"'+(+-(+!$,(&14'X-1#%d,)#,4*+3&>)"%H".+ -&)+(VH>#2)+K2+(-%H>&)+3H')&)*+2>+2)V23"(-+-&)+K2+Y(%'(>%2*+(+aH"2>+V'2)2>#('(+)H)+ ">N2)#"%(3"&>2)+F(J&+2-+>&1F'2+K2+ D&>)"2H'+Y2+n-(>3*+H>+ (>#"%H&+(-H1>&:+ ;H(>K&+ Y(%'(>%2+ aH")&+3&>&32'+(+ #(>+ F'"--(>#2+ 2)#HK"(>#2+ K2)3HF'".+-(+ N2'K(K+ 0+(V&0.+ (+ Q&V`"2: QH)+V'"12'&)+#'(F(J&)+"1V&'#(>#2)+ )&F'2+ X2&'(+ K2+ ed12'&)+)2+ 3&>&32>+ V&'+)H+ 3&''2)V&>K2>3"(*+#(1F"G>+F(J&+)2HK.>"1&+ 1()3H-">&*+3&>+O(H)):+ L-+'2)H-#(K&+aH2+ --2N(+ )H+ >&1F'2+ '2V'2)2>#.+ H>+ (N(>32+ 1H0+ "1V&'#(>#2+ 2>+ -(+ K21&)#'(3".>+ K2-+ X2&'21(+K2+P2'1(#+?3&1V-2#(K(+2>+@bb4+V&'+U>K'2i+r"-2)C:+=2)VHG)+)2+K2K"3('(+ (-+ 2)#HK"&+ K2+ -()+ )HV2',"3"2)+ 2-$)#"3()*+ ">#2>#(>K&+ 2_V-"3('+ 1(#21$#"3(12>#2+ -&)+ 2_V2'"12>#&)+K2+;`-(K>"*+-&)+V(#'&>2)+%2&1G#'"3&)+aH2+ /&'1(+ -(+ 1d)"3(+ )&F'2+-()+ V-(3()+12#$-"3()+3&>+ ('2>(*+-&+aH2+-2+N(-K'(+ 2-+X+&8#-'2&'14'D,42&8#4'2&' B#&),#4$:+ X'(F(J.+2>+&#'&)+#21()+3&1&+-(+3H'N(#H'(+&+">3-H)&+2>+P"-&)&,(+K2+-(+;"2>3"(:+=2K"3.+ #&K(+)H+N"K(+ (+ -()+1(#21$#"3()*+ >&+)2+ 3().+>H>3(+0+1H'".+ K2+ 3$>32'+K2+ 1(1(+ 2>+ @5l@: ! (( @%;?-/0A/"16-( B%.#MJKC%)(#?0"6C+0&%(+% !
  13. 13. e(3".+2-+(]&+@9bb+2>+Y012+[2%")*+(-+)H'+K2+E>%-(#2''(*+2>+ H>(+ /(1"-"(+1H0+V&F'2:+Q&-&+`2'2K.+K2+ )H+V(K'2+?@5@8C+ -(+ V2-"%'&)(+#('2(+K2+FH)3('+/.)"-2)+0+N2>K2'-&):+QH)+/.)"-2)+)2+ `"3"2'&>+ "1V'2)3">K"F-2)+ V('(+ 3&-233"&>")#()*+ 3"2>#,"3&)+ 0+ 1H)2&): UV'2>K".+(+ -22'+-&)+K&1">%&)+ 3&>+ #2_#&)+'2-"%"&)&)+ 0+ K2N&'.+#&K&)+ -&)+2)#HK"&)+ )&F'2+ /.)"-2)+0+%2&-&%(+ aH2+ 3(02'&>+2>+ )H)+1(>&):+ U3(F.+3&>N"'#"G>K&)2+ 2>+ H>(+ 2_V2'#(*+ V&'+ )H+ 2_V2'"2>3"(+ K2+ 3(1V&+ 0+ )H)+ -23#H'():+ E1V&'#(>#2)+ %2.-&%&)+ -(+ N")"#('&>+V('(+ FH)3('+/.)"-2)+0+K")3H#"'+3&>+ 2--(+ K2+(>(#&1(+ 0+3-()","3(3".>:+=2)3H7 F'".+ 2-+ V'"12'+ 2)aH2-2#&+ K2+ #,%#-$4(+-+ 0+ -&)+ V'"12'&)+ 2)aH2-2#&)+ K2+ *1&$#-$4(+-+ ?(1F&)+'2V#"-2)+ 1('">&)+ K2+ -(+ GV&3(+ JH'$)"3(C*+ 2-+ V'"12'+2)aH2-2#&+K2+ *%&+-$4(+#-+ /H2'(+K2+U-21(>"(+0+&#'&)+/.)"-2)+"1V&'#(>#2)*+aH2+-&)+.&1&8)#%&$+3&>#"2>2>+)(3&)+K2+ #">#(+ /&)"-"I(K(+ 0+aH2+ -&)+ p3&V'&-"#&)q+ )&>+ `232)+ /&)"-"I(K():+ QH+ #'(F(J&+ /H2+ /H>K(7 12>#(-+V('(+2>#2>K2'+-(+V'2`")#&'"(+?2_")#2>3"(+K2+-(+p2'(+K2+-&)+'2V#"-2)q+0+2_#">3".>C+ 0+2>+2-+>(3"1"2>#&+K2+-(+V(-2&>#&-&%(:+Q">+21F('%&*+V&'+)2'+1HJ2'+0+K2+V'&32K2>3"(+ `H1"-K2*+>&+/H2+'23&>&3"K&+)H+#'(F(J&+0+-&)+3"2>#,"3&)+VHF-"3('(>+)H)+`(--(I%&)+)">+ 12>3"&>('-(:+ U+ V2)('+ K2+ aH2+ )H+ #'(F(J&+ >&+ 2)#(F(+ 3"#(K&+ 2>+ -"F'&)+ &+ ('#3H-&)*+ (3(F(F(+ )"2>K&+'23&>&3"K&:+ X'()+)H+1H2'#2*+ aH2+&3H''".+2-+(]&+@5B9+2>+)H+3"HK(K+ >(#(-*+ '23"F".+ -&)+ `&>&'2)+ K2+ -(+ @-,#&242' a&-10<#,4' 2&' A-)2+&$+ ?aH2+ >&+ (K1"#".+ 1HJ2'2)+3&1&+1"21F'&)+`()#(+@b8BC: (! 76"B0C((-(& !! 1%"#0&.S"0*%)%6.0'+'%C.%)%)"%):8=56#'%)'#)-S=+"#=
  14. 14. Nació
en
 Florencia
 el
 año
1820,
 en
 el
 seno
 de
 una
 familia
 británica
 de
 clase
 alta.
En
 1844
–en
contra
 de
 las
 convenciones
 sociales
 y
 con
 la
 reprobación
 de
 su
 familia–
decidió
instruirse
como
enfermera. Viajó
por
varios
países,
donde
continuó
su
aprendizaje
y
relató
sus
experiencias.
 Su
aportación
más
célebre
tuvo
lugar
durante
la
Guerra
de
Crimea:
en
1854,
ella
y
un
 equipo
de
 38
enfermeras
voluntarias,
entrenadas
por
Florence,
 se
 trasladaron
a
la
 base
principal
británica
de
operaciones.
Su
gestión
redujo
el
índice
de
mortandad,
en
 el
hospital
militar,
del
42%
al
2%,
ya
fuera
realizando
mejoras
en
la
higiene
o
recla‐ mando
a
la
Comisión
Sanitaria.
Durante
dicha
guerra
se
ganó
el
apodo
de
“La
dama
 de
la
lámpara”
por
sus
frecuentes
visitas
nocturnas
a
los
enfermos. Nightingale
 estableció
 las
 bases
 de
 la
 profesionalización
 de
 la
 enfermería
 fundando
en
1860
su
escuela
en
el
Hospital
Saint
Thomas
de
Londres.
El
Juramento  Nightingale –efectuado
por
las
enfermeras
al
graduarse–
fue
creado
en
1893
y
el
Día  Internacional de la Enfermería
se
celebra
el
aniversario
de
su
 nacimiento.
Fue
 pre‐ cursora
 en
 la
 representación
 visual
 de
 la
 información
 –diagramas
 e
 histogramas
 circulares–.
De
gran
cultura
matemática,
aplicó
sus
conocimientos
de
estadística
a
la
 epidemiología
y
a
la
estadística
sanitaria.
Fue
la
primera
mujer
admitida
en
la
Royal  Statistical  Society
 británica
 y
 miembro
 hono‐rario
 de
 la
 American  Statistical  Association.
Murió
en
Londres
en
1910. ! 13 Florence
Nigh<ngale Pionera
de
la
enfermería
moderna !
  15. 15. Nació
en
Varsovia
(Polonia)
 el
año
1867
con
el
nombre
 de
 Marja
 Sklodowska.
 Se
 licenció
en
 Física
 y
en
 Matemá‐ ticas
en
la
Universidad
de
la
Sorbona
(París).
En
esa
misma
 universidad
obtuvo
en
1903
el
doctorado
en
Ciencias
con
la
 tesis
titulada Investigaciones sobre las sustancias radiactivas
 inspirada
 en
 los
trabajos
del
 ,ísico
 Henri
Becquerel.
 Fue
 la
 primera
persona
en
utilizar
el
nombre
de
radioactividad
para
describir
la
impresión
 dejada
por
un
compuesto
de
uranio
colocado
sobre
una
placa
fotográ,ica
cubierta
de
 papel
negro. En
 1895
se
casó
con
Pierre
 Curie,
 con
quien
compartía
su
entrega
 exclusiva
 a
 la
 investigación
 cientí,ica
 y
 con
 quien
 realizó
 sus
 investigaciones
 sobre
 la
 radio‐ actividad
natural.
En
1898
descubrieron
dos
nuevos
elementos
químicos:
el
polonio
 y
el
radio,
ambos
contenidos
en
el
mineral
pechblenda.
El
descubrimiento
del
radio
 pudo
suponer
a
la
familia
Curie
el
abandono
de
sus
penurias
económicas
si
hubieran
 patentado
la
 técnica
 para
 aislarlo
del
mineral
pero
decidieron
 publicar
sin
restric‐ ciones
el
resultado
completo
de
sus
investigaciones,
según
el
más
puro
espíritu
cien‐ tí,ico. Marie
 obtuvo
 dos
 premios
 Nobel,
 de
 ,ísica
 en
 1903
 compartido
 con
 Pierre
 y
 Becquerel
 y
 de
 química
 en
 1911,
 siendo
 hasta
 el
 momento
 la
 única
 persona
 en
 recibirlos
en
distintos
campos
cientí,icos,
así
como
una
de
las
dos
mujeres
que,
hasta
 la
 fecha,
 han
 obtenido
el
 premio
 Nobel
 de
 ,ísica.
 También
 fue
 la
 primera
 mujer
a
 quien
se
otorgó
una
cátedra
en
la
universidad
de
la
Sorbona,
a
partir
de
la
muerte
de
 su
marido,
atropellado
en
1906.
 Todos
estos
logros
se
debieron
a
 su
fuerte
perso‐ nalidad
caracterizada
por
su
con,ianza
y
su
perseverancia
obstinadas.
Murió
el
año
 1934
de
una
leucemia
causada
por
la
acumulación
de
radiaciones
en
su
médula
ósea. ! 14 Marie
Curie Pasión
por
la
invesKgación !
  16. 16. e(3".+2>+D())(3`H))2#)+2-+(]&+@5A5:+X'()+%'(KH(')2+ 2>+2-+[(K3-"//2+;&--2%2+V('(+1HJ2'2)*+21V2I.+(+#'(F(J('+ 2>+ 2-+ 2aH"V&+ K2+ p1HJ2'2)+ 3(-3H-(K&'()q+ K2-+ ;4+>4+2' B-11&<&'h.$&+>4%-+6:+Y()+p3(-3H-(K&'()q+2'(>+-()+2>3('%(K()+K2+-()+#('2()+123$>"3()o+ 3&1V"-('+ K(#&)*+ '2(-"I('+ 3$-3H-&)*+ '2N")('+ /&#&%'(,()*+ 2-(F&'('+ 3(#$-&%&)*+ V2'&+ >&+ &F)2'N(3"&>2)*+ 0+>&'1(-12>#2+ 2'(>+ )H)+J2/2)+aH"2>2)+)2+--2N(F(>+ 2-+1G'"#&+ K2+ )H)+ K2)3HF'"1"2>#&):+ L--(+ /H2+1$)+(--$+K2+)H)+#('2()+0+K2)(''&--.+H>+1G#&K&+V('(+12K"'+0+3(#(-&%('+2-+ F'"--&+K2+ -()+ 2)#'2--()*+ (K&V#(K&+K2)VHG)+3&1&+ 2)#$>K('*+K2)3HF'".+6:B88+ 2)#'2--()+ N('"(F-2)+?3H0(+">#2>)"K(K+K2+F'"--&+N('(C*+32>#'$>K&)2+2>+-()+;2/2"K()*+V('(+-()+aH2+ &F)2'N.+aH2+ )H+V2'"&K&+K2+VH-)(3".>+2)+'2%H-('+0+K"'23#(12>#2+'2-(3"&>(K&+3&>+)H+ -H1">&)"K(K*+-&+aH2+V2'1"#".+2)#(F-232'+H>+)")#21(+K2+12K"K(+K2+%'(>K2)+K")#(>3"()+ 2)#2-('2)*+(F'"2>K&+-()+VH2'#()+(+H>(+3&>32V3".>+1$)+1&K2'>(+K2+>H2)#'&+H>"N2')&+ ?2_")#2>3"(+K2+%(-(_"()+/H2'(+K2+-(+<(+Y$3#2(*+2-+H>"N2')&+2>+2_V(>)".>*+#(1(]&)*tC*+ K2)(''&--(K(+ V&'+SHFF-2+ 0+&#'&):+L'(+ #1"K(*+#'(F(J(K&'(+ 0+--2N.+H>(+ N"K(+ )2>3"--(:+ DH'".+K2+3$>32'+2>+@b6@*+V&F'2+0+)">+'23&>&3"1"2>#&+(-%H>&:+L>+@b6B+2-+1(#21$#"3&+ O:+D"##(%7Y2/,-2'*+K2)3&>&3"2>K&+)H+1H2'#2*+-2+2)3'"F".+V('(+V'&V&>2'+)H+>&1">(3".>+ (-+V'21"&+e&F2-*+-&+3H(-+>&+2)+V&)"F-2+(+##H-&+V.)#H1&: ($ 9/("-/F60@G6(0>/6H-F @%)%=.(S&0M%)C%"C6"%'0(% !!
  17. 17. e(3".+2>+XH'>+2>+@b8b:+QH+V(K'2+)2+>2%.+KH'(>#2+(]&)+ (+ aH2+ 2)#HK"('(:+ U+-&)+ 68+ (]&)+)2+ -2+ V2'1"#".+ (332K2'+(-+ F(3`"--2'(#&+)HV2'"&'+0+K2)VHG)+(+-(+P(3H-#(K+K2+D2K"3">(*+ K&3#&'$>K&)2+2>+e2H'&3"'H%(: L'(+ H>(+ J&N2>+ ">N2)#"%(K&'(+ 3H(>K&+ -()+ -202)+ (>#"JHK()+ "#(-"(>()+ K2+ @bl5+ -2+ &F-"%('&>+(+&3H-#(')2+ V('(+ 2N"#('+-(+K2V&'#(3".>:+ !2'&+)"%H".+">N2)#"%(>K&+)&F'2+ 2-+ )")#21(+ >2'N"&)&+ 2>+ H>+ -(F&'(#&'"&+ 3-(>K2)#">&:+ =H'(>#2+ -(+ %H2''(+ #'(F(J.+ 3&1&+ 1GK"3(+V('(+-(+[2)")#2>3"(+0+-()+#'&V()+(-"(K(): L>+ @bB9*+ -(+ b)#>&+$#242'2&' k4$7#)<%-)'&)'@4)'A(#$+ ?LL:MM:C+ -2+ ">N"#.+(+#'(F(J('+ 3&1&+ >2H'.-&%(m+(--+ K2)3HF'".+ -(+ V'&#2>(+ eOP+?/(3#&'+ K2+ 3'23"1"2>#&+ >2'N"&)&C*+ 2)#"1H-(K&'(+K2-+3'23"1"2>#&+K2+-()+,"F'()+>2'N"&)():+ QH)+#'(F(J&)+gJH>#&+(+ Q#(>-20+ ;&`2>g+ )"'N"2'&>+ V('(+ K2)3HF'"'+ aH2+ -()+ 3G-H-()+ ).-&+ 3&1"2>I(>+ (+ '2V'&KH3"')2+ 3H(>K&+'23"F2>+-(+&'K2>+K2+`(32'-&*+(+#'(NG)+K2+-&)+--(1(K&)+I4,%-+&$'2&',+&,#8#&)%-*+ 0+V&'+2--&+'23"F".+2-+!'21"&+e&F2-+K2+D2K"3">(+2>+@b5A: UN(>I.+ 2>+ 2-+ 3&>&3"1"2>#&+ K2+ (-%H>()+ 2>/2'12K(K2)+ >2H'&-.%"3()+ 0+ )H+ #'(#(1"2>#&*+ 2-+ K2)(''&--&+K2+ #2'(V"()+ K2+ '2%2>2'(3".>+ K2+ #2J"K&)+ 0+ 2-+ 2)#HK"&+ K2-+ 3$>32':+ S&0+ 2>+ K(+ )HV2'N")(+ K"('"(12>#2+ -&)+2_V2'"12>#&)+K2+ -()+ 3"2>#,"3()+ aH2+ #'(F(J(>+2>+2-+!(+-*&4)'?+4#)'f&$&4+,7'i)$%#%(%&*+3'2(K&+V&'+2--(+1")1(+2>+[&1(: (% I-)60>/H-J7%()6$,-(- G&)C#(#:(0)C#&.#&%(+0 !!
  18. 18. L7&' V#+$%'A426' -I' X76$#,$'>(3".+ 2>+ @b@6+ 2>+ H>+VH2F-&+ 32'3(+ K2+Q`(>%("*+2>+H>(+GV&3(+ 2>+-(+ aH2+-()+1HJ2'2)+>&+ #2>(>+K2'23`&+(+ -(+2KH3(3".>:+X'()+3&>)2%H"'+-(+-"32>3"(7 #H'(+2>+3"2>3"()+V&'+-(+b)#>&+$#242'2&'j4)9#)<*+(-+>&+`(F2'+ V'&%'(1()+K2+K&3#&'(K&+2>+;`">(*+K23"K".+N"(J('+(+LL:MM:+ 0+)2+K&3#&'.+2>+-(+ b)#>&+$#242'2&'B41#I-+)#4+F(J&+-(+K"'237 3".>+K2+L'>2)#+Y(i'2>32+2>+2-+3(1V&+K2+-(+,)"3(+>H3-2(': D$)+#('K2+)2+3&>N"'#".+2>+-(+V'"12'(+1HJ2'+2>+)2'+pK&3#&'(+`&>&'")+3(H)(q+V&'+-(+ b)#>&+$#242'2&'X+#),&%-):+QH)+2_#'(&'K">('"()+/(3H-#(K2)+">#2-23#H(-2)+-(+3&>N"'#"2'&>+ 2>+ H>(+2_V2'#(+ 2>+)H+ 3(1V&*+`()#(+ #(-+VH>#&+aH2+ P2'1"+0+ZVV2>`2"12'+-2+3&>)H-7 #(F(>+2>+)H)+">N2)#"%(3"&>2)+)&F'2+V-H#&>"&:+;H(>K&+2)#(--.+-(+EE+OH2''(+DH>K"(-+0+)2+ /&'1.+ 2-+ %'HV&+ V('(+ -"K2'('+ 2-+ *+-6&,%-' e4)74%%4)+ gV('(+ K2)(''&--('+ -(+ F&1F(+ (#.1"3(+ (>#2)+aH2+ -(+ U-21(>"(+ >(I"g*+ rH+ /H2+ 2_3-H"K(+ (+ 3(H)(+ K2-+ 1(3`")1&+0+-(+ _2>&/&F"(+?T(V.>+(3(F(F(+K2+F&1F('K2('+!2('-+S('F&'+0+2--(+2'(+&'"2>#(-C:+ ;&1V'&F.+2_V2'"12>#(-12>#2+-&)+'2)H-#(K&)+&F#2>"K&)+V&'+-&)+3"2>#,"3&)+Y22+ 0+ u(>%*+aH"2>2)+'23"F"2'&>+2-+V'21"&+e&F2-+K2+P)"3(*+aH2K(>K&+2--(+2_3-H"K(:+!&'+)H)+ (V&'#(3"&>2)+'2-2N(>#2)+2>+,)"3(+>H3-2('*+'23&>&3"K(+3&1&+H>(+K2+-()+12J&'2)+,)"3()+ K2-+V()+0+#'()+-(+">JH)#"3"(+K2-+e&F2-*+-2+&#&'%('&>+N('"&)+V'21"&)+"1V&'#(>#2):+PH2+-(+ V'"12'(+1HJ2'+2>+ V'2)"K"'+-(+@-,#&242'D8&+#,4)4'2&' VF$#,4:+DH'".+K2+H>+">/('#&+2-+ (]&+@bb9: (* =?-/(J@?-+(&0K+ @%)L(+M#(%)'%M%)'#)"%)T2=+C% ! !
  19. 19. S2K0+Y(1(''+2'(+2-+>&1F'2+('#)#"3&+K2+S2Ki"%+LN(+D('"(+ v"2)-2'*+>(3"K(+ 2>+<"2>(+2-+ b+K2+ >&N"21F'2+ K2+@b@B+?2>+ )H+ `&>&'*+ (3#H(-12>#2+ )2+ 32-2F'(+ 2>+ 2)(+ /23`(+ 2-+ K(+ ">#2'>(7 3"&>(-+ K2-+ ">N2>#&'C:+ L1V2I.+ -(+ 3(''2'(+ K2+ ">%2>"2'(+ V2'&+ (F(>K&>.+(#'(K(+V&'+-(+/()3">(3".>+K2-+#2(#'&:+=2)VHG)+K2+)H+G_"#&+2>+2-+#2(#'&+0+2-+ 3">2*+ 0+#'()+H>+V'"12'+1(#'"1&>"&+3&>#'(+ )H+N&-H>#(K*+`H0.+(+Y&>K'2)+0+K2)VHG)+(+ LL:MM:*+K&>K2+(K&V#.+)H+>&1F'2+('#)#"3&: L>+ @bB8*+ S2K0+#HN&+H>(+ "K2(+ V('(+ '2)&-N2'+2-+ V'&F-21(+ K2-+ 3&>#'&-+ V&'+ '(K"&7 /'23H2>3"(+ K2+ H>+ #&'V2K&*+ 2-+ 3&>&3"K&+ K2)VHG)+ 3&1&+ I+&,(&),6' 7-**#)<:' TH>#&+ (-+ 3&1V&)"#&'+O2&'%2+ U>#`2"-+ V(#2>#.+ 2-+--(1(K&+@&,+&%' B-88()#,4%#-)'@6$%&8*+ V2'&+ `()#(+ @b49+ -(+ 21V'2)(+@#1>4)#4'!1&,%+-)#,$' @6$%&8$' c#>#$#-)+>&+H).+2>+)H)+#'(>)")7 #&'2)+2-+)")#21(+">N2>#(K&+V&'+S2K0:+L>+@bA6*+)H+"K2(+/H2+(K&V#(K(+V&'+2-+O&F"2'>&+ 2)#(K&H>"K2>)2+ V('(+ -()+ 3&1H>"3(3"&>2)+ 1"-"#('2)*+ #'2)+ (]&)+ K2)VHG)+ K2+ aH2+ -(+ V(#2>#2+3(KH3('(: S&0+ 2>+ K(+ 1H3`&)+ )")#21()+ K2+ #'(>)1")".>+ K2+ N&I+ 0+ K(#&)+ gV&'+ 2J21V-&+ n-H2#&&#`+0+r"P"g+21V-2(>+)")#21()+K2+$*+&42'$*&,%+(8*+2>#'2+-&)+aH2+)2+2>3H2>#'(+ 2-+ I+&,(&),6' 7-**#)<:+S2K0+Y(1(''+>H>3(+ %(>.+K">2'&+V&'+)H+">N2>#&*+ ).-&+&F#HN&+ 3&1&+'23&1V2>)(+H>+ '23&>&3"1"2>#&+/&'1(-+K2+ -(+ !1&,%+#,'V+-)%#&+' V-()24%#-)+2>+ @bb9:+ DH'".+ 2-+ (]&+6888+ 2>+ Z'-(>K&+ ?P-&'"K(C+ 0+ )H)+ '2)#&)+ /H2'&>+ #'()-(K(K&)+ (+ <"2>(: (& !C.(+4)#$L#(.%)#&).#"#C0M6&+C%C+0&#= ! 9/*B0>616"" !
  20. 20. [&)(-">K+P'(>^-">+ >(3".+ 2>+v2>)">%#&>+ ?E>%-(#2''(C+ 2-+ (]&+ @b68:+ !2)2+ (+ -(+ &V&)"3".>+ V(#2'>(*+ &F#HN&+ 2-+ K&3#&'(K&+ 2>+ aH1"3(+ ,)"3(+ V&'+ -(+ b)#>&+$#242' 2&' B48.+#2<&:+L)+(H#&'(+K2+%'(>K2)+(V&'#(3"&>2)+(-+2)#H7 K"&+K2+2)#'H3#H'()+K2-+U=e*+-&)+N"'H)*+2-+3('F.>+0+2-+%'(,"#&: =21&)#'.+)H+3(V(3"K(K+V('(+&F#2>2'+12J&'2)+"1$%2>2)+0+V('(+">#2'V'2#('-()+3&>+ V'23")".>+2>+-(+">N2)#"%(3".>+K2+&#'&)+&FJ2#&)m+)2+ -2+'23H2'K(+V'">3"V(-12>#2+V&'+-(+ --(1(K(+V-%-<+4EF4'ON*+"1(%2>+K2-+U=e+&F#2>"K(+12K"(>#2+K"/'(33".>+K2+'(0&)+h*+2>+ -(+aH2+)2+F().+-(+`"V.#2)")+K2+-(+2)#'H3#H'(+K&F-2+`2-"3&"K(-+K2-+U=e+2>+2-+('#3H-&+K2+ r(#)&>+0+;'"3^+K2+@b4l:+="'"%".+N('"&)+#'(F(J&)+V"&>2'&)+)&F'2+2-+N"'H)+K2-+1&)("3&+ K2+#(F(3&+0+2-+V&-"&N"'H):+[&)(-">K+/H2+K")3'"1">(K(+2>+2-+l#)<m$'B-11&<&+K2+Y&>K'2)+ K&>K2*+V&'+2J21V-&*+-()+1HJ2'2)+3&>#'(#(K()+>&+V&K(>+(3HK"'+(-+3&12K&'+K2-+V2')&7 >(-+0+K2F(>+`(32'-&+2>+-(+)(-(+K2+2)#HK"(>#2)+&+/H2'(+K2+-(+H>"N2')"K(K:+L>+2-+-(F&'(7 #&'"&*+ K&>K2+ aH2K(F(+ '23-H"K(*+ 2>)2].+ )H+ #'(F(J&+ (+ -&)+ J.N2>2)+ V&3&+ 3&>&3"K&)+ r(#)&>+0+;'"3^*+ aH"2>2)+'23"F"2'&>+JH>#&+(+r"-^">)+2-+V'21"&+e&F2-+K2+P")"&-&%(+0+ D2K"3">(+2>+ @bA6+V&'+)H+ 1&K2-&+K2-+U=em+ [&)(-">K+ >&+ ,"%H'.+2>+2-+ 2aH"V&+%(-('7 K&>(K&+ g`(F(+ /(--23"K&+ K2+ H>+ 3$>32'+ K2+ &N('"&)+ 2>+ @b45+ 3&>+ l5+ (]&)+ K2+ 2K(K*+ V'&F(F-212>#2+ V&'+)H)+3&>#">H()+2_V&)"3"&>2)+(+ -&)+(V('(#&)+K2+ '(0&)+ hg+0+>&+)2+ `"I&+H>(+12>3".>+>"+(+2--(+>"+(+)H+#'(F(J&: ! (' I%36$-(*0L$3-/0D"6(M$-( U+0V=+C%)Q)C(+=.%"S*(%-% !
  21. 21. e(3".+ 2>+ r()`">%#&>+ =:;:+ 2-+ (]&+ @b6B*+ K2>#'&+ K2+ H>(+ /(1"-"(+ `H1"-K2+ K2+ '(I(+ >2%'(:+ M>&)+ (]&)+ K2)VHG)+ K2+ -(+ O'(>+=2V'2)".>*+)H)+V(K'2)+)2+)2V('('&>+0+LN2-0>+aH2K.+(+ 3('%&+K2+)H+1(K'2+0+)H+#(:+L)#"1H-(K(+V&'+(1F()+1HJ2'2)+0+ %'(3"()+(+)H+2)/H2'I&*+2)#HK".+2>+2-+32>#'&+/212>">&+@8#%7'B-11&<&'?D())(3`H)2##)C:+ L'(+H>(+(-H1>(+2_32V3"&>(-+0*+#'()+)H+-"32>3"(#H'(*+">%'2).+2>+-(+b)#>&+$#242'2&'H41&*+ K&>K2+#2'1">.+)H)+2)#HK"&)+K2+1(#21$#"3()*+,)"3(+#2.'"3(+0+()#'&>&1(: ZF#HN&+)H+K&3#&'(K&+2>+U>$-")")+PH>3"&>(-+2>+@bBb*+)"2>K&+-(+)2%H>K(+1HJ2'+(/'&7 (12'"3(>(+ 2>+ 3&>)2%H"'-&:+ =2)VHG)+K2+ #'(F(J('+2>+N('"()+H>"N2')"K(K2)+0+)&V&'#('+ #&K(+ 3-()2+ K2+ V'2JH"3"&)+ g1HJ2'*+ ">#2-"%2>#2+ 0+>2%'(g+3&12>I.+ (+ #'(F(J('+2>+ @b46+ 3&1&+1(#21$#"3(+2>+2-+j4%#-)41'?(+&4('-I'@%4)24+2*+K&>K2+(V'2>K".+-(+ V'&%'(1(7 3".>+K2+%'(>K2)+&'K2>(K&'2): U+V('#"'+K2+@bA6*+2>#'.+(+/&'1('+V('#2+K2+H>+%'(>+2aH"V&+K2+">N2)#"%(K&'2)+2>+-&)+ V'&023#&)+2)V(3"(-2)+K2+-(+eUQU+aH2+V2'1"#".+2-+2>N&+K2+-()+V'"12'()+V2')&>()+(+-(+ -H>(:+L>+@bAl+V().+(+EnD+K&>K2+ '2(-"I.+#'(F(J&)+)"1"-('2)*+0+K2)VHG)+3&>#">H.+3&>+ )H)+ -(F&'2)+ K&32>#2)+ 2>+ N('"()+ H>"N2')"K(K2):+ !('#"3"V.+ (3#"N(12>#2+ 2>+ 2-+ D&N"7 1"2>#&+K2+-&)+=2'23`&)+;"N"-2)+V('(+-&)+(/'&(12'"3(>&)*+-"K2'(K&+V&'+D('#>+YH#`2'+ v">%:+L>+@b5b*+2-+;&-2%"&+Q1"#`+-2+&#&'%.+H>+K&3#&'(K&+`&>&',"3&*+)"2>K&+-(+V'"12'(+ 1HJ2'+>2%'(+2>+'23"F"'-&+K2+H>(+">)#"#H3".>+(12'"3(>(: ! !) LH/$B(0N%B*0A"6(H-$$/ 3A#ML"0)'#)"6CD%)%&.#)"%)'+=C(+M+&%C+S& !
  22. 22. e(3"K(+ 2-+ (]&+ @bl6+ 2>+ 2-+ 2)#(K&+ K2+ eH2N(+ u&'^+ ?LLMMC*+ )2+ %'(KH.+ 2>+ 1(#21$#"3()+ V&'+ -(+ M>"N2')"K(K+ K2-+L)#(K&+K2+eH2N(+u&'^:+U-%H>&)+K2+)H)+-&%'&)+3&>)")7 #2>+ 2>+ #'(F(J&)+ &'"%">(-2)+ )&F'2+ 3&1V"-(K&'2)*+ &V#"1"I(3".>+ K2+ 3.K"%&+0+V('(-2-"I(3".>: U+V'">3"V"&)+K2+ -&)+(]&)+@b58*+/&'1.+ 2-+ %'HV&+!('(--2-+ X[Ue)-(#"&>+gH>&+K2+ -&)+ 1$)+"1V&'#(>#2)+2aH"V&)+K2+ ">N2)#"%(3".>+2>+-(+1(#2'"(g+V('(+ 2-+2)#HK"&+K2+#21()+ '2-(3"&>(K&)+3&>+-(+3&1V"-(3".>+V('(+1$aH">()+V('(-2-():+QH+#'(F(J&+2>+2)#2+$1F"#&+ `(+V2'1"#"K&+-(+3'2(3".>+K2+(-%&'"#1&)+0+#23>&-&%()+aH2+3&>)#"#H02>+-(+F()2+#2.'"3(+ K2+-(+&V#"1"I(3".>+(H#&1$#"3(+K2+V'&%'(1()*+(1V-"(12>#2+H)(K&)+2>+3&1V"-(K&'2)+ 3&12'3"(-2)+K2)(''&--(K&)+V&'+-(+">KH)#'"(: Q2+ '23&>&3".+ )H+ (H#&'"K(K+ 2>+ -(+ 3&1H>"K(K+ K2+ EnD+ (-+ >&1F'('-2+ EnD+ P2--&i*+ )"2>K&+ -(+ V'"12'(+ 1HJ2'+ 2>+ '23"F"'+ 2)#2+ `&>&':+ X(1F"G>+ /H2+ -(+ V'2)"K2>#(+ K2+ -(+ D,42&8#4'i?e'2&'L&,)-1-<F4:+U+V'">3"V"&)+K2+6889*+)2+3&>N"'#".+2>+-(+V'"12'(+1HJ2'+ 2>+'23"F"'+2-+!'21"&+XH'">%+&#&'%(K&+V&'+-(+D$$-,#4%#-)'I-+'B-8*(%#)<'e4,7#)&+6*+V&'+ p)H)+3&>#'"FH3"&>2)+aH2+12J&'('&>+/H>K(12>#(-12>#2+2-+'2>K"1"2>#&+K2+-&)+V'&%'(7 1()+K2+ &'K2>(K&'+0+(32-2'('&>+ 2-+H)&+K2+ )")#21()+ K2+ 3&1VH#(3".>+K2+ (-#&+ '2>K"7 1"2>#&q: ! !( D"6(,/30L$-O6:/)?0C$$/( 1+0&#(%)#&)0LKM+4%C+S&)'#)C0ML+"%'0(#= !
  23. 23. e(3".+2>+Y&>K'2)+2-+(]&+@blB+K2>#'&+K2+H>(+/(1"-"(+1&7 K2)#(:+=2)K2+V2aH2](+-2+(V()"&>('&>+-&)+(>"1(-2)+0+w/'"3(:+ L)#HK".+)23'2#('"(K&+0+#'(F(J.+K2+3(1('2'(+V('(+3&)#2(')2+ 2-+N"(J2+(+v2>"(+(+K&>K2+/H2+">N"#(K(+V&'+H>(+(1"%(: U--+/H2+ ()")#2>#2+ K2-+V(-2&(>#'&V.-&%&+Y&H")+Y2(^20*+ aH"2>+">#2'2)(K&+2>+-&)+)"7 1"&)+V('(+3&1V'2>K2'+-(+2N&-H3".>+K2+-(+2)V23"2+`H1(>(*+-2+&/'23".+-(+V&)"F"-"K(K+K2+ 2)#HK"('+(+-&)+3`"1V(>3G)+)(-N(J2)+2>+2-+X4+/(&'j4,#-)41'2&'a-8.&+?X(>I(>"(C:+U--+)2+ #'()-(K.+2>+@bA8+0+)HVH)&+2-+">"3"&+K2+H>(+N"K(+K2K"3(K(+(+-(+">N2)#"%(3".>+K2+2)#&)+ V'"1(#2)*+(+-(+-H3`(+V&'+)H+)HV2'N"N2>3"(+ 0+(-+12K"&+(1F"2>#2:+L)#HK".+2-+3&1V&'7 #(1"2>#&+)&3"(-+0+/(1"-"('+K2+-&)+3`"1V(>3G)*+H#"-"I(>K&+1G#&K&)+>&N2K&)&)*+(H>aH2+ 3&>#'&N2'#"K&)*+ K2+ ">N2)#"%(3".>+ ?2>+ )H+ V'&V"&+ 2>#&'>&+ 0+ pN"N"2>K&q+ 3&>+ 2--&)*+ 3&>)"K2'$>K&-&)+3&1&+">K"N"KH&)*tC: L>+ @bA4+ &F#HN&+ 2-+ K&3#&'(K&+ `&>&'('"&+ 2>+ L#&-&%(+ V&'+ -(+ b)#>&+$#242' 2&' B48.+#2<&+ ?)">+ `(F2'+(3(F(K&+-(+ 3(''2'(C:+ L>+@b99+3'2.+ 2-+pE>)#"#H#&+T(>2+ O&&K(--+ V('(+-(+E>N2)#"%(3".>*+LKH3(3".>+0+;&>)2'N(3".>+K2+-(+<"K(+Q(-N(J2q:+S(+'23"F"K&+1$)+ K2+@88+V'21"&)+">#2'>(3"&>(-2)*+3&1&+2-+!'>3"V2+K2+U)#H'"()*+0+2)+L1F(J(K&'(+K2+-(+ !(I+K2+-()+e(3"&>2)+M>"K():+L>+-(+(3#H(-"K(K+V()(+3()"+#&K&+2-+(]&+N"(J(>K&+2>+K2/2>7 )(+K2+-&)+(>"1(-2)*+K2-+12K"&+(1F"2>#2+0+3&>#'(+2-+3(1F"&+3-"1$#"3&: !! P6(/0A%%*6$$ G&%)?+'%)#&)'#-#&=%)'#)"0=)L(+M%.#= !!
  24. 24. WC,<H-*6*/30*-*Q,<,63 ;&1&+V'&VH2)#(+ ">"3"(-*+ &)+(>"1(1&)+(+-22'+'2V&)(K(12>#2+-()+ F"&7 %'(,()+?">K"N"KH(-12>#2+&+2>+%'HV&)C*+V'2)#(>K&+(#2>3".>+(+-()+K")#">#()+ GV&3()+2>+-()+aH2+N"N"2'&>*+-()+3&>K"3"&>2)+/(1"-"('2)+0+)&3"(-2)+(+-()+aH2+ )2+2>/'2>#('&>*+-&)+V('(-2-")1&)+&+K"/2'2>3"()+2>#'2+-()+aH">32+1HJ2'2)*+ )H)+-&%'&)+ 3"2>#,"3&)+0+2-+2)/H2'I&+ aH2+ )HVH)&+ 2-+3&>)2%H"'-&):+ !H2K2+ (0HK('+2>+(-%H>&)+3()&)+3&1V-2#('+-()+F"&%'(,()+'23&V"-(>K&+">/&'1(7 3".>+ (K"3"&>(-+ K2+ &#'()+ /H2>#2)*+ -"F'&)*+ ">#2'>2#*+ 2#3:*+ ()+ 3&1&+ /&'1('+ %'HV&)+K2+K")3H)".>+V('(+(>(-"I('+0+3&12>#('+-&)+'2)H-#(K&)+&F#2>"K&): U+3&>#">H(3".>+V'2)2>#(1&)+K2+/&'1(+1$)+2)#'H3#H'(K(+(-%H>()+(3#"7 N"K(K2)+3&>3'2#()+3&>+2-+&FJ2#"N&+K2+V'&/H>K"I('+2>+ -&)+3&>&3"1"2>#&)+ (KaH"'"K&)+3&>+-()+-23#H'()+(>#2'"&'2):
  25. 25. !('(+3&1V'&F('+2-+%'(K&+K2+3&1V'2>)".>+(-3(>I(K&+#'()+-(+-23#H'(+K2+-()+F"&%'(7 ,()+K2+2)#()+@4+1HJ2'2)+3"2>#,"3()*+3&>#2)#(K+(+-()+)"%H"2>#2)+V'2%H>#()+?)"+2)+>2327 )('"&*+V&KG")+N&-N2'+(+-22'+-()+F"&%'(,()+&+FH)3('+">/&'1(3".>+V&'+&#'&)+12K"&)Co nB(G1&$'2&'&$%4$',#&)%FE#,4$'%(>#&+-)'/(&'1(,74+'&)'$('#)I4),#4',-)%+4'14'&2(,4,#0)'&$%4Q .1&,#24'*4+4'14$'8(9&+&$'6'4$F'*-2&+'&$%(2#4+',#&),#4o nB(G1&$'2&'&114$'74)'$(I+#2-'2#$,+#8#)4,#0)'*-+'$('+454'-'+&1#<#0)o nB(G1&$'>#&+-)'$('%+4.49-'*(.1#,42-'*-+'7-8.+&$'M&)'41<()-$',4$-$'$#)'8&),#-)4+14$To nB(G1&$'2&'&114$')(),4'$&',4$4+-)o nB(G1&$'8(+#&+-)'$#)'/(&'$&'1&$'+&,-)-,#&+4'2&.#248&)%&'$('#8*-+%4)%&'%+4.49-o nB(G1&$'74)'2#$I+(%42-'2&'<+4)'I484'2(+4)%&'$('>#24o nB(G1&$'+&,#.#&+-)'&1'X+&8#-'j-.&1o nB(G1&$'2&'&$%4$',#&)%FE#,4$'+&41#54+-)'()4'4*-+%4,#0)'#8*+&$,#)2#.1&'*4+4'14',#&),#43' *4+4'14'7(84)#242o !# 3A#(C+C+0=)'#)C0ML(#&=+S&
  26. 26. !$ u+3&>#2)#(K+#(1F"G>+(+2)#()+V'2%H>#()+#"V&+#2)#o nB(G1'2&'14$'$#<(#&)%&$'8(9&+&$'2&$%4,0'*-+'$('.+#114)%&'14.-+'&)'14'&)$&K4)54o !D('(+-(+S2F'2(+ !Q&V`"2+O2'1(">+ !S"V(#"(+ !D('"2+;H'"2 nB(G1'2&'&$%4$'8(9&+&$'%+4.490',-)'$('*42+&3'7&+84)-3'84+#2-3p'1-'/(&'*(2-'&,1#*$4+' &1'+&,-)-,#8#&)%-'2&'*4+%&'2&'$('%+4.49-o !S"V(#"(+ !D('"2+;H'"2+ !;('&-">2+S2')3`2-++ !Y()+#'2)+(>#2'"&'2) b)4'2&'14$'4)%&+#-+&$',#&)%FE#,4$'&8*&50'$#&)2-'()4')#K4'4)41I4.&%4'/(&'$&'2&2#,4.4'4' 14'>&)%4'&)'14',411&3'*4+4'%&+8#)4+'$#&)2-'()4'<+4)'&"*&+%4'&)'$('%&84'nB(G1'I(&o !S"V(#"(+ !D('0+U>>">%! !Q&V`"2+O2'1(">+ !P-&'2>32+e"%`#">%(-2+ nA4'#)>&$%#<4,#0)'2&'/(d'8(9&+'*&+8#%#0'()4')(&>4',-),&*,#0)'8-2&+)4'2&1'()#>&+$-o !;('&-">2+S2')3`2-+++!;`"2>7Q`"H>%+rH++++!S2>'"2##(+Y2(N"##+ ![&)(-">K+P'(>^-"> nB(G1' 2&' 14$' $#<(#&)%&$' ,#&)%FE#,4$' I(&' 8(6' *-*(14+' *-+' ()4' 4,%#>#242'2#$%#)%4' 4'$(' #)>&$%#<4,#0)o !D('"2+;H'"2+ !S2K0+Y(1(''+ ![&)(-">K+P'(>^-">! !P'(>32)+U--2>+ nJ(d'2-$'8(9&+&$'%+4.494+-)'*4+4'i?eo !S2K0+Y(1(''+0+[&)(-">K+P'(>^-">++ ![&)(-">K+P'(>^-">+0+T(>2+O&&K(-- !LN2-0>+n&0K+O'(>N"--2+0+P'(>32)+U--2>++ !>">%H>(+K2+2--() nB(G1' 2&' 14$' $#<(#&)%&$' ,#&)%FE#,4$' ,-)%+#.(60' ,-)' $(' #)>&$%#<4,#0)' 41' 846-+' ,-)-,#8#&)%-'2&1'Dcjo ![&)(-">K+P'(>^-">+ !S2K0+Y(1(''+ !["#(+Y2N"7D&>#(-3">"+ !P'(>32)+U--2>+ nB(G1'2&'14$'$#<(#&)%&$',#&)%FE#,4$'74'1(,742-'-'1(,74'*-+'&1'8&2#-'48.#&)%&o !+[&)(-">K+P'(>^-">+ !P'(>32)+U--2>+ !LN2-0>+O'(>N"--2! !T(>2+O&&K(--
  27. 27. Y(+)"%H"2>#2+ (3#"N"K(K+3&>)")#2+2>+'2-(3"&>('+K"2I+K2+-()+1HJ2'2)+3"2>#,"3()+3H0(+ F"&%'(,(+ (V('232+2>+-(+ V'"12'(+)233".>+K2+2)#(+ %H(+?V'"12'(+3&-H1>(C+3&>+K2)3H7 F'"1"2>#&)+ 2+ ">N2)#"%(3"&>2)+ aH2+ K2)(''&--('&>+ ?)2%H>K(+ 3&-H1>(C+ 0+3&>+ (3&>#27 3"1"2>#&)+`")#.'"3&)+32'3(>&)+2>+2-+2)V(3"&+0+2>+2-+#"21V&+?#2'32'(+3&-H1>(C: S"V(#"( E1(%2>+K2-+U=e+V&'+K"/H)".>+K2+ -&)+'(0&)+h UV'&F(3".>+K2-+)H/'(%"&+ /212>">&+2>+LLMM ;('&-">2+ S2')3`2- !'"12'&)+/.)"-2)+K2+V-2)"&)(H'"& !'"12'(+%H2''(+1H>K"(-+ Q&V`"2+O2'1("> UV-"3(3".>+K2+#G3>"3()+ 2)#(K)#"3()+(+-(+2V"K21"&-&%(+ D&N"1"2>#&+K2+-&)+=2'23`&)+ ;"N"-2)+2>+LLMM D('0+U>>">% U)#'&-(F"&+2+`"K'&)3&V"& P">(-+K2-+"1V2'"&+n'"#$>"3&+3&>+ -(+">K2V2>K2>3"(+K2+-()+ 3&-&>"()+ P-&'2>32+ e"%`#">%(-2 [2V'&KH33".>+K2+-()+3G-H-()+V&'+ &'K2>+K2+-&)+p/(3#&'2)+K2+ 3'23"1"2>#&q !2')23H3".>+K2+-&)+JHK&)+2>+ U-21(>"(+2+E#(-"( D('"2+;H'"2 E1V&'#(>#2+(N(>32+2>+-(+ K21&)#'(3".>+K2-+#2&'21(+K2+ P2'1(# [2N&-H3".>+/'(>32)( S2>'"2##(+Qi(>+ Y2(N"## =&)+>H2N&)+2-212>#&)+ aH1"3&)o+V&-&>"&+0+'(K"& !'"12'(+%H2''(+K2-+&V"&+2>#'2+ O'(>+n'2#(](7LLMM+0+;`">( ["#(+Y2N"7 D&>#(-3">" ;(#$-&%&+K2+6488+>2FH-&)()+ L-+;'")#"(>")1&+)2+3&>N"2'#2+2>+ -(+'2-"%".>+K2-+E1V2'"&+ [&1(>&+ [&)(-">K+L-)"2+ P'(>^-"> LaH"V&+K2+-(+eUQU+aH2+V2'1"#".+ 2-+2>N&+K2+-()+V'"12'()+ V2')&>()+(+-(+YH>( Q2+">"3"(+-(+[2N&-H3".>+ E>KH)#'"(-+2>+O'(>+n'2#(](+ LN2-0>+n&0K+ O'(>N"--2 Y(+'2-(3".>+V2'"&K&7 -H1">&)"K(K+K2+-()+2)#'2--()+ ;2/2"K() OH2''(+K2+;'"12(+2>#'2+2-+ "1V2'"&+'H)&+0+O'(>+n'2#(](*+ P'(>3"(*+;2'K2](+0+2-+"1V2'"&+ Z#&1(>&+ !% !=0C+%C+S&)#&.(#)"%=)C+#&OPC%=)Q)"%)D+=.0(+%
  28. 28. !('(+3&1V'2>K2'+12J&'+2-+#'(F(J&+K2+2)#()+1HJ2'2)+3"2>#,"3()*+&)+V'&V&>21&)+2>+ 2)#(+(3#"N"K(K+aH2+ #'(F(JG")+)H)+K2)3HF'"1"2>#&)+2+ ">N2)#"%(3"&>2)+1$)+ 2>+ V'&/H>7 K"K(K:+!('(+ 2--&+K2F2'G")+/&'1('+%'HV&)+K2+ #'(F(J&*+ 2-2%"'+(-%H>&+K2+-&)+K2)3HF'"7 1"2>#&)R">N2)#"%(3"&>2)+ aH2+ &)+)H%2'"1&)+?&+">3-H)&+(-%H>&+K2+ -&)+>&+ V'&VH2)#&)+ aH2+ (V('232>+2>+-()+1">"7F"&%'(,()*+ )"+&)+V('232>+1$)+">#2'2)(>#2)C*+ ">N2)#"%('+2>+ ">#2'>2#*+2>+ -(+ F"F-"&#23(*+&+3&>)H-#('+(+3"2>#,"3&)R()+)&F'2+ 2--&)*+#'(F(J('+)H+)"%>"7 ,"3(K&*+)H)+"1V-"3(3"&>2)*+2#3:+0+2-(F&'('+H>+K&3H12>#&+,">(-*+aH2+V&K'(+)2'+H>+#2_#&+ &+H>(+V'2)2>#(3".>+V('(+2_V-"3$')2-&+(+-&)+K21$): Y&)+(N(>32)+3"2>#,"3&)+V'&VH2)#&)+)&>o (: Y&)+K")V&)"#"N&)+X'"F"^&)*+v2'&#(^")+0+n(]&+D('(+?D('(+-(+S2F'2(C: F: UN(>32)+2>+-(+K21&)#'(3".>+K2-+X2&'21(+K2+P2'1(#+?Q&V`"2+O2'1(">C: 3: =2)3HF'"1"2>#&+K2+-&)+V'"12'&)+/.)"-2)+K2+ "3#"&)(H'"&+0+V-2)"&)(H'"&+?D('0+ U>>">%C: K: Y(+'2-(3".>+pV2'"&K&7-H1">&)"K(Kq+K2+-()+2)#'2--()+;2/2"K()+?S2>'"2##(+Qi(>+ Y2(N"##C: 2: Y&)+p/(3#&'2)+K2+3'23"1"2>#&q+V('(+-()+3G-H-()+?["#(+Y2N"7D&>#(-3">"C: /: pP'23H2>30+S&VV">%q+0+pQ23'2#+;&11H>"3(#"&>+Q0)#21q+?S2K0+Y(1(''C: %: L)#HK"&+ K2-+ 3&1V&'#(1"2>#&+ )&3"(-+ 0+ /(1"-"('+ K2+ -&)+ 3`"1V(>3G)+ ?T(>2+ O&&K(--C: !* R#=C6:(+M+#&.0=)#)+&?#&C+0&#=
  29. 29. S()#(+ 2-+ (]&+68@8*+ `(+`(F"K&+@4+1HJ2'2)+aH2+ `(>+ '23"F"K&+2-+ V'21"&+ e&F2-+ 2>+ ;"2>3"(+&+P")"&-&%(+0+D2K"3">(+gH>(+K2+2--()+2>+K&)+&3()"&>2)g:+x!&K'()+'2-(3"&>('+ -&)+V'21"&)+'23"F"K&)+3&>+-&)+>&1F'2)+0+-()+/&#&%'(,()j +,-./01(')" ?3&>+!"2''2+;H'"2+0+S2>'0+ n23aH2'2-C: !)'+&,-)-,#8#&)%-'2&'1-$' &"%+4-+2#)4+#-$'$&+>#,#-$'/(&'74)' 242-'$($'#)>&$%#<4,#-)&$',-)9()%4$' $-.+&'&1'I&)08&)-'2&'14'+42#4,#0)' 2&$,(.#&+%4'*-+';&)+#'?&,/(&+&1: =&'&#`0+;'&i/&&#+S&K%^"> ! +,-./01('%" ?3&>+T:+S(>)+T2>)2>C21 X-+'&1'2&$,(.+#8#&)%-'4,&+,4'2&'14' &$%+(,%(+4')(,1&4+: L-"I(F2#`+S:+n-(3^FH'> ! 34,5./01('((21 !)'+&,-)-,#8#&)%-'4'$($'$&+>#,#-$' *4+4'&1'4>4),&'2&'14'/(F8#,4'41' 2&$,(.+#+'1-$'&1&8&)%-$'+42#-'6' *-1-)#-3'*-+'8&2#-'2&1'4#$148#&)%-' 2&1'+42#-'6'&1'&$%(2#-'2&'14' )4%(+41&54'6'1-$',-8*-)&)%&$'2&' &$%&'$-+*+&)2&)%&'&1&8&)%-: P'(>y&")2+n(''G7Q">&H))" ! !& /6#*0)X'#"),0:#"Y
  30. 30. 34,5./01('"$ ?3&>+P'2K2'"3+T&-"H'"2C: !)'+&,-)-,#8#&)%-'4'14'$F)%&$#$'2&' )(&>-$'&1&8&)%-$'+42#-4,%#>-$: O2'#'HK2+L-"&> ! 34,5./01('%#21 X-+'$('2&%&+8#)4,#-)&$'*-+'8&2#-' 2&'14'%d,)#,4'2&'+46-$'q'4,&+,4'2&' 14$'&$%+(,%(+4$'2&'$($%4),#4$' .#-/(F8#,4$'#8*-+%4)%&$: n('F('(+D3;-">#&3^ ! 34,5./01!))'2 X-+'$($'&$%(2#-$'$-.+&'14'&$%+(,%(+4' 6'&1'I(),#-)48#&)%-'2&1'+#.-$-84: D('"2+Q^-&K&i)^(+;H'"2 ! +.-.6768,0191:;<./.=01('#* ?3&>+;('-+P2'K">(>K+;&'"C: X-+'$($'2&$,(.+#8#&)%-$'&)'&1',(+$-' 2&'14',-)>&+$#0)',4%41F%#,4'2&1' <1(,0<&)-: ;`'")#"(>2+ez))-2">7 <&-`('K ! !'
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  32. 32. "( +.-.6768,0191:;<./.=01(''$ ?3&>+LKi('K+n:+Y2i")+0+L'"3+P:+ r"2)3`(H)C:+ X-+'$($'2&$,(.+#8#&)%-$' ,-),&+)#&)%&$'41',-)%+-1'<&)d%#,-' &)'&1'%&8*+4)-'2&$4++-11-' &8.+#-10<#,-: ;('&-+r:+O'2"K2' ! +.-.6768,0191:;<./.=01!))# ?3&>+["3`('K+U_2-C:+ X-+'$($'2&$,(.+#8#&)%-$'2&' +&,&*%-+&$'-1I4%#>-$'6'14' -+<4)#54,#0)'2&1'$#$%&84'-1I4%#>-: [&)(-0>+QH))1(>+u(-&i ! +.-.6768,0191:;<./.=01!))& ?3&>+S('(-K+IH'+S(H)2>+0+YH3+ D&>#(%>"2'C:+ X-+'&1'2&$,(.+#8#&)%-'2&1'>#+($'2&' 14'#)8()-2&E#,#&),#4'7(84)4: Y">K(+n:+nH3^ ! +.-.6768,0191:;<./.=01!))':' X-+'&1'2&$,(.+#8#&)%-'2&',08-'1-$' %&108&+-$'6'14'&)5#84'%&1-8&+4$4' *+-%&<&)'4'1-$',+-8-$-84$' M,-8*4+%#2-'*-+'2-$'8(9&+&$T: UK(+L:+u&>(#` !
  33. 33. L-+&FJ2#"N&+K2+2)#(+(3#"N"K(K+2)+2-+K2+3&1V'&F('+2-+%'(K&+K2+3&>&3"1"2>#&+&+K2)3&7 >&3"1"2>#&+ aH2+ #"2>2+ -(+ )&3"2K(K+ 3&>+ '2)V23#&+ (+ -(+ 2_")#2>3"(+ K2+ 1HJ2'2)+ 2>+ -(+ 3"2>3"(+0+)H)+(V&'#(3"&>2):+;&1&+'2)H-#(K&*+(-+,">(-+`(F'G")+3&>)2%H"K&+H>(+-")#(+K2+ '2/2'2>3"()+)&F'2+2-+1(0&'+>d12'&+V&)"F-2+K2+3"2>#,"3()+K2+#&K&)+-&)+#"21V&): "C+ !'2%H>#(K+2>+ NH2)#'&+2>#&'>&+?/(1"-"(*+ (1")#(K2)*+ V'&/2)&'(K&C+ 2-+>&1F'2+ K2+ #&K()+-()+3"2>#,"3()+aH2+3&>&I3(>+0*+)"+-&+'23H2'K(>*+K2-+3(1V&+K2+-(+3"2>3"(+2>+2-+aH2+ #'(F(J('&>:+!&KG")+K2J('-2)+H>+#"21V&+(1V-"&+?H>+V('+K2+K()C+V('(+aH2+-&+V"2>)2>+0+ -()+(>&#2>*+V2'&+V"K"G>K&-2)+aH2+>&+-()+FH)aH2>+2>+-"F'&)+&+">#2'>2#:+L)+V&)"F-2+aH2+ 2-+-")#(K&+)2(+'2KH3"K&: ""C+[2(-"I(K+%'HV&)+K2+K")3H)".>+V('(+(>(-"I('+0+N(-&'('+-()+'2)VH2)#()+aH2+`(FG")+ '23&%"K&:+ =2)VHG)+ 2)3'"F"K+ -&)+ >&1F'2)+ K2+ #&K()+ 1HJ2'2)+ 3"2>#,"3()+ aH2+ &)+ `(>+ V'&V&'3"&>(K&*+3&>+&#'&)+K(#&)+3&1&+V()*+/23`()+K2+>(3"1"2>#&+0+1H2'#2*+0+'(1(+K2+ -(+3"2>3"(+?V&'+2J21V-&*+Q&V`"2+O2'1(">*+P'(>3"(*+@99A7@5l@*+1(#21$#"3(C*+aH2+)2'$+ 2-+%2'12>+K2+H>(+-")#(+V&)#2'"&'+1$)+2_`(H)#"N(: """C+D2K"(>#2+H>(+Fd)aH2K(+2>+-"F'&)+0+2>+">#2'>2#*+3&>/233"&>(K+H>(+-")#(*+-&+1$)+ (1V-"(+ V&)"F-2+ ?H>+ FH2>+ >d12'&+ )2'(+ @88C*+ K2+ 1HJ2'2)+ 3"2>#,"3()+ 3&>+ -&)+ K(#&)+ (>#2)+3&12>#(K&):+!&KG")+(](K"'+H>(+"1(%2>+K2+-(+3"2>#,"3(:+L)#(+-")#(+&)+(0HK('$+(+ 3&>&32'+-(+%'(>+3(>#"K(K+K2+1HJ2'2)+aH2+`(>+'2(-"I(K&+H>(+"1V&'#(>#2+ -(F&'+2>+-(+ 3"2>3"(+ 0+&)+ )2'N"'$+ K2+ F()2+ V('(+ /H#H'()+ (3#"N"K(K2)+'2-(3"&>(K()+ 3&>+ 2-+#21(+ K2+ 3"2>3"(+ 0+%G>2'&:+Q"+-&+3'2G")+3&>N2>"2>#2*+V&KG")+#(1F"G>+K"/H>K"'+2)#&)+'2)H-#(K&)+ 2>+NH2)#'&+2>#&'>&+/(1"-"('+0+2)3&-(': "NC+M>(+">N2)#"%(3".>+V&)#2'"&'+'2-(3"&>(K(+3&>+-(+V2'32V3".>+)&3"(-+K2+-()+1HJ2'2)+ 3"2>#,"3()+VH2K2+)2'+-(+Fd)aH2K(+ K2+-"F'&)+?&+aH"I$)+>&#"3"()+2>+-&)+V2'".K"3&)C*+2>+ -()+aH2+-()+1HJ2'2)+3"2>#,"3()+(V('2I3(>+&+)2(>+-()+V'&#(%&>")#(): "! 1#(C#LC+S&)=0C+%"
  34. 34. L)#(+(3#"N"K(K+#"2>2+3&1&+&FJ2#"N&+(>"1('&)+(+aH2+ '2(-"3G")+(-%H>(+ (33".>+K2)#"7 >(K(+(-+'23&>&3"1"2>#&+K2-+#'(F(J&+ K2+ -()+1HJ2'2)+2>+3"2>3"(*+ 0+K2+ )H+"1V&'#(>3"(+ V('(+-(+)&3"2K(K:+Q2'(+">#2'2)(>#2+-(+3'2(3".>+K2+H>+%'HV&+K2+#'(F(J&+?/&'1(K&+V&'+ H>()+V&3()+V2')&>()+&+#&K(+-(+3-()2C+V('(+V'2V('('+)H%2'2>3"():+U-%H>()+V'&VH2)#()o+ "C+ ;&-%(K+ #&K()+-()+ )21(>()+ ?&+12)2)C+ -(+ 1">"7F"&%'(,(+ K2+ H>(+ 3"2>#,"3(+ 2>+ 2-+ #(F-.>+K2+(>H>3"&)+K2+NH2)#'&+32>#'&+2KH3(#"N&*+ 2>+-(+V$%">(+i2F*+ &+2>+(-%d>+)"#"&+ N")"F-2+)"1"-(': ""C+ QH%2'"K+(+ NH2)#'&+32>#'&+aH2+ -2+ V&>%(+ 2-+ >&1F'2+ K2+ (-%H>(+ 3"2>#,"3(+ "1V&'7 #(>#2+ ?V&K'(")+">3-H"'+H>(+ V2aH2](+ -")#(+K2+ V&)"F-2)+3(>K"K(#()C+ (+ -(+ F"F-"&#23(*+ (+ H>(+)(-(+K2+-23#H'(+&+(-%H>(+&#'(+(H-(+2)V23"(-: """C+!2K"K+(-+(0H>#(1"2>#&+?3&>+2-+(V&0&+K2+NH2)#'&)+V'&/2)&'2)+0+V'&/2)&'()*+0+K2+ NH2)#'&+32>#'&+&+3&>+-(+3&-(F&'(3".>+K2+&#'&)+32>#'&)C+aH2+V&>%(+2-+>&1F'2+K2+H>(+ 3"2>#,"3(+K2+NH2)#'(+V'&N">3"(*+&+H>"N2')(-*+(+H>(+3(--2+&+V-(I(: "NC+!'&V&>2K+(+NH2)#'&+32>#'&+2KH3(#"N&+-(+">)#(H'(3".>+K2+H>+K(+(-+(]&+K2K"3(K&+ (+-()+1HJ2'2)+3"2>#,"3()+?aH2+V&K'(+">3-H)&+--2N('+2-+>&1F'2+K2+H>(+K2+2--()C+gH>(+ N('"(>#2+V&K'(+)2'+pK2K"3(K&+(+-()+1HJ2'2)+2>+-(+3H-#H'(q*+">3-H02>K&+-(+3"2>3"(g+2>+ 2-+ aH2+ )2+ VH2K(>+ '2(-"I('+ (3#"N"K(K2)+ '2-(3"&>(K()+ 3&>+ 2)#2+ #21(+ ?2_V&)"3"&>2)*+ #(--2'2)*+ K"$-&%&+ 3&>+ (-%H>(+ 1HJ2'+3"2>#,"3(*+ 3&>/2'2>3"(+ )&F'2+ 1HJ2'2)+3"2>#,"3()+ H>"N2')(-2)*+2#3C:+ [23&'K(K+aH2+ `(0+aH2+ V'2V('('+F"2>+-()+V2#"3"&>2)+aH2+N(0$")+(+ '2(-"I('+0+V-(>7 #2('-()+3&''23#(12>#2+(+NH2)#'&)+V'&/2)&'2)+&+V'&/2)&'()*+(+NH2)#'&+32>#'&+2KH3(#"N&+ &+(-+(0H>#(1"2>#&: "" 7#C0&0C+M+#&.0)'#)"%)"%:0()'#)"%)M6A#()C+#&OPC%
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