Universidad central del ecuador Facultad filosofía Escuela InglesNombre: Sonia Baraja TEMA:SIMPLE PAST
DEFINITION• Was - Were - Past Tense of the verb "To Be"• The verb to be is used in many questions such as "Are you married?", "Where are you from?", "Are you happy?", etc. Once you understand the verb to be in the present tense, learn the verb to be in the past tense. Use this guide to was / were and compare this form to am / is / are of the present simple to compare the present to the past.
WAS/WERE • They were in the pary • We were in the park • He was in bed. • He was asleep.
Am /is (present) = was (past)• I am tired. (now)• Where is Beth? (now)• The weather is nice today.• I was tired last night.• Where was Beth yesterday?• The wether was nice last week.
Are (present) = were (past)• You are late late. ( now)• They aren´t here. (now)• You were late yesterday.• They weren´t here last Sunday.
POSITIVE• I was• HE was• SHE was• IT was• WE were• YOU were• THEY were
NEGATIVE• I was• HE was + NOT = wasn´t• SHE was• IT was• WE were• YOU were + NOT = weren´t• THEY were
EXAMPLE• Last year Amy was 22 so she´s 23 now.• When I was a child , I was afraid of dogs.• We were hungry after the trip, but we weren´t expensive.• The the weather nice when you were on vacation?• Why were you late this morning?
SIMPLE PAST• The simple past or past simple, sometimes called the preterite, is the basic form of the past tense in Modern English. It is used principally to describe events in the past.• The term "simple" is used to distinguish the syntactical construction whose basic form uses the plain past tense alone, from other past tense constructions which use auxiliaries in combination with participles, such as the past perfect and past progressive.• Regular verbs form the simple past in -ed; however there are a few hundred irregular verbs with different forms. For details see English verbs: Past tense.
• POSITIVEBASE FORM • I playedPlay • We startedStart • You watchedWatchHave • They hadSee • He sawDo • She didGo • It went
Do/ Does (present) = DID ( past)• I don´t watch television very often.• Does she go out often?• I didn´t watch television yesterday.• Did she go out last night?
We use did/didn´t + base form ( watch/play/go/etc• Positive • Negative• I wached • I didn´t watch• He had • He didn´t have• They • Did they go• Went • Did you do?• You did
Study the word order in questions Did + subject + base form• Did your sister call you?• What did you do last night• How did the accident happen?• Where did your parents go for vacation?
Short answersYes, i we you they he she No+ i we you they he sheit + did it + didn´t• Did you see joe • Did helen como to the yesterday? party?• Yes i did. • No she didn´t• Did you parents have a • Did it rain on Sunday? good trip? • No it didn´t• Yes they did.
Simple past• The simple past expresses an action in the past taking place once, never, several times. It can also be used for actions taking place one after another or in the middle of another action
Exceptions in Spelling when Adding ‘ed’• Exceptions in spelling when adding ed• Example• after a final e only add d love – loved final consonant after a short, stressed vowel or l as final consonant after a vowel is doubled admit – admitted travel – travelled final y after a consonant becomes i hurry – hurried
Use of Simple Past• action in the past taking place once, never or several times Example: He visited his parents every weekend.• actions in the past taking place one after the other Example: He came in, took off his coat and sat down.• action in the past taking place in the middle of another action Example: When I was having breakfast, the phone suddenly rang.• if sentences type II (If I talked, …) Example: If I had a lot of money, I would share it with you.
Some verb are irregular• Begin began• Break broke• Bring brought• Buil built• Come came• Buy bought• Do did
example• We did a lot of work yesterday• I usually get up early, but this morning i got up at 9:30• Caroline went to the movie three times last week.• Ampol came into the room, took off his coat, and sat down.