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  1. 1. Rhythm <ul><li>Rhythm is the beat created by the words in a poem. </li></ul><ul><li>Rhythm can be created by meter, rhyme, alliteration, and refrain. </li></ul>
  2. 2. Free Verse Poetry <ul><li>Unlike metered poetry, free verse poetry does NOT have any repeating patterns of stressed and unstressed syllables. </li></ul><ul><li>Does not have rhyme. </li></ul><ul><li>It is very conversational- sounds like someone talking to you. </li></ul><ul><li>A more modern type of poetry. </li></ul>
  3. 3. RHYME <ul><li>Words sound alike because they share the same ending vowel and consonant sounds. </li></ul><ul><li>(A word always rhymes with itself.) </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: LAMP </li></ul><ul><li>STAMP </li></ul>
  4. 4. Alliteration <ul><li>Consonant sounds repeated at the beginnings of words. </li></ul><ul><li>If P eter P iper p icked a p eck of p ickled p eppers, how many p ickled p eppers did P eter P iper p ick? </li></ul>
  5. 5. Narrative <ul><li>A poem that tells a story </li></ul><ul><li>Generally longer than the lyric style of poetry because the poet needs to establish characters and a plot. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples of narrative poems </li></ul><ul><li>“ The Raven” </li></ul><ul><li>“ The Highwayman” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Casey at the Bat” </li></ul><ul><li>“ The Walrus and the Carpenter” </li></ul>
  6. 6. Refrain <ul><li>A sound, word, phrase, or line, regularly repeated in a poem. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Quoth the Raven ‘Nevermore.’” </li></ul>
  7. 7. Ballad <ul><li>A song or poem that tells a story </li></ul><ul><li>The outlook wasn’t brilliant for the Mudville nine that day, </li></ul><ul><li>The score stood four to two, with but one inning more to play </li></ul><ul><li>And then when Cooney died at first, and Barrows did the same, </li></ul><ul><li>A pall-like silence fell upon the patrons of the game. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Haiku <ul><li>A Japanese poem written in 3 lines containing: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>5 syllables in the 1 st line </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>7 syllables in the 2 nd line </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>5 syllables in the 3 rd line </li></ul></ul></ul>An old silent pond… A frog jumps into the pond. Splash! Silence again.
  9. 9. Acrostic <ul><li>A poem in which the first letters of each line form a word or message relating to the subject </li></ul>
  10. 10. Concrete <ul><li>Words are arranged to create a picture that relates to the content of the poem. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Poetry from the past <ul><li>Fable </li></ul><ul><li>A brief story told in prose or poetry that contains a moral or a practical lesson about how to get along in life. </li></ul><ul><li>Folk Tale </li></ul><ul><li>A story that has no known author, and was originally passed on from one generation to another by word of mouth. </li></ul><ul><li>Nursery Rhyme </li></ul><ul><li>A short poem for children written in rhyming verse and handed down in folklore </li></ul>
  12. 12. Lyric <ul><li>A short poem </li></ul><ul><li>Usually written in 1 st person POV </li></ul><ul><li>Expresses an emotion or an idea or describes a scene </li></ul><ul><li>Does not tell a story and is often musical </li></ul>Examples of lyric poetry: “ I heard a fly buzz when I died”- Emily Dickinson “ Break, Break, Break”- Alfred Lord Tennyson “ Dust of Snow”- Robert Frost “ Morning at the Window”- T. S. Elliot
  13. 13. Limerick <ul><li>Comical poem made of 5 long lines and 3 short lines. The long lines (1, 2, 5) rhyme with each other, and the short lines (3,4) rhyme with each other. </li></ul><ul><li>There was an old man with a beard, </li></ul><ul><li>Who said, “It is just as I feared! </li></ul><ul><li>Two owls and a hen, </li></ul><ul><li>Four larks and a wren, </li></ul><ul><li>Have all built their nests in my beard!” </li></ul>