Diabetes mellitus

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Diabetes mellitus

  1. 1. By: Sachit Rustagi
  2. 2. What you need to know about diabetes  Diabetes mellitus or diabetes for short is a group of metabolic diseases in which a person has high blood sugar, does not produce insulin ( type 1 diabetes), and when the pancreas does not produce insulin or the cells fail to recognize the insulin ( type 2 diabetes). Most individuals diagnosed with diabetes don’t have visible or obvious symptoms.
  3. 3. The symptoms of diabetes  Type 1 diabetes: The symptom's of type 1 diabetes are frequent urination, unusual thirst, extreme hunger, unusual weight loss, and extreme fatigue and irritability.  Type 2 diabetes: The symptoms are any of the symptoms of type 1 diabetes mentioned above, frequent infections, blurred vision, cuts and bruises that are slow to heal, tingling or numbness in the hands or feet, recurring skin, gum, or bladder infections.
  4. 4. What is type 1 diabetes?  Type 1 diabetes also known as juvenile diabetes is a disease that is often diagnosed in children of all ages. As said before, with type 1 diabetes the body does not produce insulin and the patient has to take insulin dosages to regulate the insulin level in the body.
  5. 5. Treatment for type 1 diabetes  Sadly, there is no cure for type 1 diabetes. But, many steps can be taken to harbor in this disease. These steps include taking regular doses of insulin based on the extremity of your condition, maintaining your weight, eating healthy, exercising regularly if not daily, and monitoring your blood sugar. After following these steps even a young child can be a normal and happy child with a smile on their face despite their predicament.
  6. 6. What is insulin?  Insulin is a hormone that is needed to convert sugar, starches and other food into energy needed for daily life. Insulin is normally produced by the pancreas, an organ located just behind the stomach.
  7. 7. Extreme treatment for type 1 diabetes  If the condition worsens and get out of hand a surgery is required. A pancreas transplant will take out your dysfunctional pancreas and that does not produce insulin and replace it with a pancreas that is healthy and produces insulin at a normal rate. Though surgery can work, it should always be a last resort as it is very risky and doctors want to make sure all the risks are worth it, it is extremely costly, and can have multiple side effects.
  8. 8. What is type 2 diabetes?  Type 2 diabetes is a disease that mostly commonly occurs in adults over the age of 21. Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes diagnosed in America. You are more likely to have diabetes if you are African American, Latinos, Native Americans and Asian Americans, Native Hawaiians, and other Pacific Islanders. As said before, if you have type 2 diabetes your pancreas does not produce insulin or the cells in your body do not recognize the insulin the body is producing. Obesity is the main cause of type 2 diabetes.
  9. 9. Lifestyle changes for type 2 diabetes  Most diabetics can lead normal lives if they maintain their calorie intake and prevent complications to develop over time. Diabetics always need to watch what their eating and exercise. Calorie intake is a huge factor in the health of a person with diabetes. The amount of calories that a diabetic can eat is determined by many factors such as age, weight, and level of activity. About 70% of the people with type 2 diabetes have to take oral medication to keep their diabetes in control. If you have diabetes then your lifestyle changes because you cannot eat certain things and not have a lot of one thing as it is bad for you. Yes, these drugs can work but they have side effects that come with it. The side effects are weight gain.

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