What you need to know about
Diabetes mellitus or diabetes for short is a group of
metabolic diseases in which a person has high blood
sugar, does not produce insulin ( type 1 diabetes), and
when the pancreas does not produce insulin or the
cells fail to recognize the insulin ( type 2 diabetes).
Most individuals diagnosed with diabetes don’t have
visible or obvious symptoms.
The symptoms of diabetes
Type 1 diabetes: The symptom's of type 1 diabetes are
frequent urination, unusual thirst, extreme hunger,
unusual weight loss, and extreme fatigue and
Type 2 diabetes: The symptoms are any of the
symptoms of type 1 diabetes mentioned above,
frequent infections, blurred vision, cuts and bruises
that are slow to heal, tingling or numbness in the
hands or feet, recurring skin, gum, or bladder
What is type 1 diabetes?
Type 1 diabetes also known as juvenile diabetes is a
disease that is often diagnosed in children of all ages.
As said before, with type 1 diabetes the body does not
produce insulin and the patient has to take insulin
dosages to regulate the insulin level in the body.
Treatment for type 1 diabetes
Sadly, there is no cure for type 1 diabetes. But, many
steps can be taken to harbor in this disease. These
steps include taking regular doses of insulin based on
the extremity of your condition, maintaining your
weight, eating healthy, exercising regularly if not daily,
and monitoring your blood sugar. After following
these steps even a young child can be a normal and
happy child with a smile on their face despite their
What is insulin?
Insulin is a hormone that is needed to convert sugar,
starches and other food into energy needed for daily
life. Insulin is normally produced by the pancreas, an
organ located just behind the stomach.
Extreme treatment for type 1
If the condition worsens and get out of hand a surgery
is required. A pancreas transplant will take out your
dysfunctional pancreas and that does not produce
insulin and replace it with a pancreas that is healthy
and produces insulin at a normal rate. Though surgery
can work, it should always be a last resort as it is very
risky and doctors want to make sure all the risks are
worth it, it is extremely costly, and can have multiple
What is type 2 diabetes?
Type 2 diabetes is a disease that mostly commonly
occurs in adults over the age of 21. Type 2 diabetes is
the most common form of diabetes diagnosed in
America. You are more likely to have diabetes if you are
African American, Latinos, Native Americans and
Asian Americans, Native Hawaiians, and other Pacific
Islanders. As said before, if you have type 2 diabetes
your pancreas does not produce insulin or the cells in
your body do not recognize the insulin the body is
producing. Obesity is the main cause of type 2
Lifestyle changes for type 2 diabetes
Most diabetics can lead normal lives if they maintain their
calorie intake and prevent complications to develop over
time. Diabetics always need to watch what their eating and
exercise. Calorie intake is a huge factor in the health of a
person with diabetes. The amount of calories that a
diabetic can eat is determined by many factors such as age,
weight, and level of activity. About 70% of the people with
type 2 diabetes have to take oral medication to keep their
diabetes in control. If you have diabetes then your lifestyle
changes because you cannot eat certain things and not
have a lot of one thing as it is bad for you. Yes, these drugs
can work but they have side effects that come with it. The
side effects are weight gain.