The main objective of UNO is “ to reaffirm
faith in fundamental human rights”.
UNO established- Commission on Human
rights in 1946
Leadership given by Eleanor Roosevelt-
Widow of Franklim Roosevelt.
Define human rights
10th Dec Human Rights Day.
Human rights is the freedom which should
be available to all persons, irrespective of
their religion, caste, sex, nationality or any
The Rights are:
• Right to freedom
•Right to equality
•Right to life
•Right to education
Consists of a preamble.
Legally binding human rights agreement:
The International Covenant on civil and
The international covenant on
economic, social and cultural rights.
1968- First international conference on
Human Rights in Tehran.
Emphasized the link between the civil and
political , economic, social and cultural rights.
1968 declared as the International Year of Human
In June- 1993-Veinna
Objective- Importance of Right to
Programme of action adopted by 171 states.
Emphasized the rights of the following
physically and mentally disabled.
right to life, liberty and security.
equal before law
right to recognition
Freedom of movement and residence
within the borders of one’s state.
right to freedom of thought and
right to public service.
elect the government of choice
right to nationality
right to asylum
work and protection against
equal work for equal pay
form and join trade unions
have the basic standard of living.
marry and have a family
attain protection for the family
attain special care and assistance for
mother and child
freely participate in the cultural life.
protection of moral and material
Article 1- All human beings are
born free and equal in dignity
and rights. They are endowed
with reasons and conscience
and should act towards one
another in a spirit of
Article 2. Everyone is entitled
to all the rights and freedoms
set forth in this
Declaration, without distinction
of any kind, such as race, color
, gender, language, religion
, political or opinion, national or
social origin, property, birth and
state cannot discriminate
special provision for the advancement of
weaker sections of the society,
Applies to all countries.
Declaration of Common Standard for all
The universal nature of Human Rights
Impact on constitutions.
Impact on UNO- violation threat to
Treat fellow human beings as less than
human beings and undeserving in respect.
Example of violation-
medical experimentation on bodies
inhuman treatment to war prisoners
denial of personal freedom, political rights
and observance of dress code.
UN human rights commission
Constituted by ECOSOC
Acts as forum to state, inter-governmental and
non-governmental organization to voice out their
Prevention of arbitary detention
protection from degrading treatment
Eliminate racial discrimination
promote women rights
healthy development of rights
protection of disabled persons
protection of minorities
Eradication of apartheid
Inquire into complaints of human
study the living conditions in the
review acts of terrorism
promote research in the field
encourage the efforts of the NGO
Launched by British lawyer, Peter Bensen.
Head Quarters in London.
Branches spread out all over the world.
Motto: bring relief to individual victims of
Awarded noble prize for peace in 1977
Irene Zubiada Khan – first Asian woman to
take the post of Secretary General
Seek release of persons detained for political
or religious opinions
work for fair and open trial of prisoners
prevent torture and executions
help refugees to seek asylum
encourage freedom of thought and religion
Draws global attention to human rights
build international coalition to ban landmines to
stop the use child soldiers.
People’s union for civil liberties (PUCL)
People’s commission- bring awareness of
Voice against bonded labour, condition of
children in prison, violence committed