F                                                       (Democritus)                                F   F                 ...
F                                                                                      F               F                  ...
F

            F                   F




                                                                                 ...
- F            F                                       F                       FF                                    F    ...
F                           3


                                             F             (Kg)
                          ...
2

                                     F                     (Kg)                                                   e
   ...
2+
5. F F                                                                                                                 ...
3                  ,

                                     λν = C                                              E = hν     ...
4
                                                                                        F




1.                        ...
5
1.                                                                                          A
                          ...
6.               F                                    (MJ/mol)                           X
     1.470, 3.951, 6.711, 8.249...
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Microsoft word อะตอมและตารางธาตุ

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Microsoft word อะตอมและตารางธาตุ

  1. 1. F (Democritus) F F F F F F F F F F " "(atom) F (atomas) F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F (Atomic model) F F F F F F F F F F F F 1. F F F F F F F F 2. F F F F F F 3. F 1 - F F F FF F F F F F F F (Electrolysis) F F F F F F F F
  2. 2. F F F FF F F F F F F F F 10,000 V F F ZnS F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F (e/m) F 1.76 /F F F F F F F FF - F F F - F F F F F F F - F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F
  3. 3. F F F F F F F F F F F F F /F p+ F F F p+ F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F (α, ) F F F F F • F F F F • F F • F F F
  4. 4. - F F F FF F F - F F F F F F - F F F F F F F F F FF F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F 2 F F F F F F F F F F F F (α, ) F F F F F 1. Electron (e ) F . 2. Proton (p ) F .. 3. Neutron (n) F ..
  5. 5. F 3 F (Kg) e proton p 1836 +1 neutron n 1836 0 0 electron e 1 -1 F F = (Z) = F (A) = (Isotopes) F F F F (Isotones) F F F F F (Isobars) F F F F F F F F F F F
  6. 6. 2 F (Kg) e proton p ..................... 1836 ............................ +1 neutron n ...................... 1836 .......................... 0 electron e ...................... 1 .......................... -1 1. 1 .................................. 10-2 .................................... 10-3 .................................... 2. ............................................ ..................................... 3. F F e/m F F F F F F F F F F F . . 1,060 . . 941 4. , F -1 .............. ................ .............. ................ ................. ............... ............... ............... ............ -1 -1 ............... ................ ............... ................ ................ ............... ............... .............. ............. 2+ ............... ............... .............. ................ ................ ............... ............. ............. ............
  7. 7. 2+ 5. F F .. . 2+ . -1 3- .. 5. F F F 1) 18 22 ..................... 2) F F 30 2 ......................... 3) A3+ F 35 F 82......................................... 4) X 5 F 12 F ..................................... 5) 40 91 38 ................................... 6. F F F .............................. ................................ F ................................. =∑ 7. 31.972, 31.971, 33.978 35.967 F 95.01%, 0.76%, 4.22% 0.01% 8. X F 51.7 F X F 2 F 50 52 X 50 F F 9. 3 F 2 F F
  8. 8. 3 , λν = C E = hν E= E(J) = E F (J) h F F F Js 1. F F F A= J B= J C= J D= J .................................................................. ............................................................................. 2. F 410 nm F ................................... Hz F ........................... KJ F F ....................... 3. A F F J F Hz 4. F F nm Hz 5. a c F F F F 400 nm F c b F F 600 nm F a b F F F F 1012 Hz (250)
  9. 9. 4 F 1. F Li 3 .. 2 He 11 Na .. . 10 Ne ... 19 K . 18 Ar 37 Rb 36 Kr 55 Cs . 54 Xe .. 87 Fr .. 86 Rn .. 2. F F F . . . . . 3. F F A 20 12B 54C 18 D 49 E 35 F .......................................................................................................................................................
  10. 10. 5 1. A 120 pm 186 pm ............................ A ........................................... .................................. Br...................... .................... F ............... Na ... 2. Br Br-Cl = 214 pm Cl-Cl = 199 pm 3. F IE1 IE5 S 4. F IE4 K+ K2+ 5. (I) X(S) X(g) (II) X(g) X+(g) + e- (III) X(g) X2+(g) + e- F IE2 F ............................................................
  11. 11. 6. F (MJ/mol) X 1.470, 3.951, 6.711, 8.249, 11.411, 14.404, 17.959, 100.040, 111.523 X ....................................... X F F ............................. X F .................................................... X .F ......................... ................................. 7. 11Na 12Mg Al 13 14Si 15 P 16 S 17 Cl F IE1 ................................. Al Si IE4 ...................... 8. A F A ........................... A F ........................... A F .F .......................... ...................... A ............................... IE3 A 9. F EN F 3 A B 7 9C D 19 . F http://thaigoodview.com/library/teachershow/phayao/phuangphet_k/atommic/sec01p01.html

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