By Thanyamon C.   1
                                      
       Œ       š                           ‹
                        ‹ Œ
        ...
Œ
        ‹                   Œ              Œ Œ
                        Œ                                   
           ...
By Thanyamon C.   4
‹                                       ‹
.           .           ‹
               ‹               ‹                  Œ ...
š            Œ            ‡,               ,           
              š                             ‰
    CO2
Œ
         ...
‹                   ‹
   ‹                            Œ ‹
 ‹     Œ                                                       ...



                               ‹

350-
350-400 ™C
             By Thanyamon C.   8
By Thanyamon C.   9
(gasoline) Œ                     ‹         65-
                                                         65-170 ™C
        ...
      (gasohol) ‹                        E10       Œ
             (9 ‹ ) +                                       (1 ‹ )...
(biodiesel) š
             biodiesel)                      Œ
                                                         š ...
      (natural gas)                                            (CH4) Œ
  š                                         ‡,  ...
           (liquefied petroleum gas
        LPG) š           (C3H8)
(C4H10)           Œ                 Œ
       Œ  š
...
By Thanyamon C.   15
By Thanyamon C.   16
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Microsoft power point ปิโตรเลียม

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Microsoft power point ปิโตรเลียม

  1. 1. By Thanyamon C. 1
  2. 2.   Œ š ‹ ‹ Œ Œ š  (hydrocarbon compound) (crude oil)  (natural gas) By Thanyamon C. 2
  3. 3. Œ ‹ Œ Œ Œ Œ  Œ Œ ‹ Œ ‹ . . ‹ ‹ ŒŒ . Œ Œ Œ ‹ ( ‹ ) ‹ Œ ‹ ‹ Œ By Thanyamon C. 3
  4. 4. By Thanyamon C. 4
  5. 5. ‹  ‹ . . ‹  ‹ ‹ Œ  (Œ 80-95) 80-95) š  , , CO2, H2S, N2 Œ Œ ‹ š  Œ ‹ ‹Œ ‹  Œ ‹  ‹ By Thanyamon C. 5
  6. 6. š Œ ‡, ,  š ‰ CO2 Œ š  Œ Œ  By Thanyamon C. 6
  7. 7. ‹ ‹ ‹ Œ ‹ ‹ Œ  ‹ Œ  ‹ Œ Œ ‹ ‹ ‹ (fractional distillation) ‹  Œ By Thanyamon C. 7
  8. 8.  ‹ 350- 350-400 ™C By Thanyamon C. 8
  9. 9. By Thanyamon C. 9
  10. 10. (gasoline) Œ ‹ 65- 65-170 ™C iso- Œ iso-octane ( 100) 100) š (octane number) š Œ isoctane ‹ ‹ ˜ 91 95 ( , ) ‹ ‹ ˜ Œ Œ MTBE ‹ Œ By Thanyamon C. 10
  11. 11.   (gasohol) ‹ E10 Œ (9 ‹ ) +  (1 ‹ ) (diesel fuel) š ‹ ‹ Œ ( ) Œ Œ , ‡ Œ cetane) (cetane) š By Thanyamon C. 11
  12. 12. (biodiesel) š biodiesel) Œ   š ‹ Œ  š  Œ Œ  ( )  By Thanyamon C. 12
  13. 13.  (natural gas)   (CH4) Œ š ‡, Œ ‹ š   ‹ CNG (compressed natural gas) ‹ NGV (Natural gas vehicle)  Œ ‹ Œ ‹ ‹ Œ  Œ ‹ ‹ Œ ‹ By Thanyamon C. 13
  14. 14.   (liquefied petroleum gas LPG) š  (C3H8) (C4H10) Œ Œ Œ  š Œ š (  Œ) Œ š   Œ š  ‹ ‹ Œ Œ  By Thanyamon C. 14
  15. 15. By Thanyamon C. 15
  16. 16. By Thanyamon C. 16
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