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Microsoft power point ธาตุและสารประกอบ

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  • 1. Thanyamon C. 1
  • 2. (Democritus) “ (atom) (atom) “ " "(atom) "(atom) atomas Thanyamon C. 2
  • 3. (Sir (Sir John Dalton) “ ” (Electrolysis) sis) Thanyamon C. 3
  • 4. (Sir (Sir John Dalton) ( ) 1. “ ” 2. 3. 1 - Thanyamon C. 4
  • 5. (Sir (Sir Joseph John Thomson) ( Cation ) Thanyamon C. 5
  • 6. (Sir (Sir Joseph John Thomson) ( ) (e/m) (e/m) e/m “ ” (electron) 1.76 / Thanyamon C. 6
  • 7. (Eugen (Eugen Goldstein) (Anion) (Anion) “ ” (proton) Thanyamon C. 7
  • 8. (Robert (Robert A. Milligan) “ ” ( ) ( ) Proton 1.66 x 10-24 1.6 x 10-19 Electron 9.1 x 10-28 -1.6 x 10-19 Thanyamon C. 8
  • 9. - + - + + - - + - - + + + - + - - + - + Thanyamon C. 9
  • 10. (Lord (Lord Ernest Rutherford) (α, ) • • • Thanyamon C. 10
  • 11. (Lord (Lord Ernest Rutherford) ( ) • • • Thanyamon C. 11
  • 12. - - ++ ++ - - Thanyamon C. 12
  • 13. (Niel (Niels Bohr) 765 4 3 2 1 K L MNOPQ K (K shell) LMN… n 123… Thanyamon C. 13
  • 14. Thanyamon C. 14
  • 15. (Sir James Chadwick) Chadwick) (α) (Neutron) (Neutron) Thanyamon C. 15
  • 16. Hydrogen H 1 - 1 Helium He 2 2 2 Lithium Li 3 4 3 Beryllium Be 4 5 4 Boron B 5 6 5 Carbon C 6 6 6 Nitrogen N 7 7 7 Oxygen O 8 8 8 Thanyamon C. 16
  • 17. (Atomic (Atomic mass) A A Z X (Atomic (Atomic number) Z Thanyamon C. 17
  • 18. ( ) Isotopes 12C 13C 6 6 Isotones 12C 11 B 6 5 Isobars 12C 12 B 6 5 = - ( ) P+ = e- Thanyamon C. 18
  • 19. n 765 4 3 2 1 K L MNOPQ n=1 e- 2 n=2 e- 8 n=3 e- 18 Valence electron e- 2n2 Thanyamon C. 19
  • 20. (Dmitri Ivanovich Mendeleev) (periodic (periodic table) Thanyamon C. 20
  • 21. Thanyamon C. 21
  • 22. A B Thanyamon C. 22
  • 23. !!! . . . 1. F Cl Br . 2. Na Al P . 3. K P O . Thanyamon C. 23
  • 24. !!! 1. Cs 1. 2. C 2. 3. I 3. 4. Kr 4. 5. Xe 5. 6. Pb 6. Thanyamon C. 24
  • 25. 2 8 18 32 “ ” Thanyamon C. 25
  • 26. Ca 20 2882 2 4 In 49 2 8 18 18 3 3 5 Thanyamon C. 26
  • 27. !!! X 35 2 8 18 7 7 4 Y 87 2 8 18 32 18 8 1 1 7 Z 6 5 2 8 18 18 6 Thanyamon C. 27
  • 28. !!! 60 2 8 18 32 60 2 8 18 18 2 8 18 32 60 Thanyamon C. 28
  • 29. (Transition) (Transition) ( Hg ) (KMnO (KMnO4) MnO , MnO2 , MnCl MnCl2 Thanyamon C. 29
  • 30. !! ( ) e- ( e- ) “ 1, 2 3 e- 8“ e- 8 ( 8) Thanyamon C. 30
  • 31. Thanyamon C. 31
  • 32. Thanyamon C. 32
  • 33. e- p+ “ ” Thanyamon C. 33
  • 34. (Coval (Covalent bond) – ( e- ) ( ) 3 8 Thanyamon C. 34
  • 35. Thanyamon C. 35
  • 36. Thanyamon C. 36
  • 37. (Ionic (Ionic bond) – e- e- e- ion e- ( ) ion + e- ( ) ion – Thanyamon C. 37
  • 38. (Ionic (Ionic bond) ( ) ion + ion – e- Na+ Cl- Thanyamon C. 38
  • 39. (Ionic (Ionic bond) Thanyamon C. 39
  • 40. (Metal (Metallic bond) – + e- e- Thanyamon C. 40
  • 41. (Metal (Metallic bond) Thanyamon C. 41
  • 42. ( ) 3 Thanyamon C. 42
  • 43. Thanyamon C. 43