THE WILD PROTECTION ACT This is an act to provide protection for wild animals, birds and plants. This act was passed in the year 1972.
Objective The main object of the Act is to proved protection to the wild animals birds and plants. The Act empowers the Central Govt. to declare certain areas as Sanctuaries or National Parks. The Act prohibits hunting of wild animals; birds etc. and impose punishment for violating the same .
Hunting of wild animals The Act prohibits hunting of wild animals. No person shall hunt any wild animals as specified in the Schedules. However, there are certain exceptions. The State Govt. may order to kill or wound in good faith any wild animal for self- defense or to protect or save another. Any animal so killed or wounded is not and offence and shall be govt. property. The Govt. may permit killing of certain wild animals for academic purpose.
Sanctuaries The State govt. by notification, may declare any area within the reserved forest or territorial waters as a sanctuary if it considers fit the area for protection and conservation of wild life.
National Parks The State govt. by notification, may declare an area whether within a sanctuary or not, is by reason of its ecological or other technical grounds needed to be constituted as a national, park for the purpose of protection, propagating or developing wild life.
Offences not pertaining to hunting of endangered species. Offences related to trade and commerce in trophies, animals articles etc. derived from certain animals (except chapter V A and section 38J) attracts a term of imprisonment upto three years and/ or a fine upto Rs. 25,000/-.