Kaziranga is located between latitudes26°30 N and 26°45 N, and longitudes 93°08E to 93°36 E within two districts in theIndian state of Assam—the Kaliaborsubdivision of Nagaon district and theBokakhat subdivision of Golaghat district.[The park is approximately 40 km (25 mi) inlength from east to west, and 13 km (8 mi)in breadth from north to south.Kaziranga covers an area of 378 km² (146sq mi), with approximately 51.14 km² (20 sqmi) lost to erosion in recent years. A totaladdition of 429 km² (166 sq mi) along thepresent boundary of the park
Kaziranga has flat expanses of fertile, alluvial soilformed by erosion and silt deposition by theBrahmaputra. The landscape consists of exposedsandbars, riverine flood-formed lakes known as,beels, (which make up 5% of the surface area),and elevated regions known as, chapories, whichprovide retreats and shelter for animals duringfloods. Many artificial chapories have been builtwith the help of the Indian Army to ensure thesafety of the animals. Kaziranga is one of thelargest tracts of protected land in the sub-Himalayan belt, and due to the presence of highlydiverse and visible species, has been described as a"biodiversity hotspot". The park is located in theIndomalaya ecozone, and the dominant biomes ofthe region are Brahmaputra Valley semi-evergreenforests of the tropical and subtropical moistbroadleaf forests biome .
The park experiences three seasons: summer,monsoon, and winter. The winter season, betweenNovember and February, is mild and dry, with amean high of 25 °C (77 °F) and low of 5 °C (41 °F).During this season, beels and nallahs (waterchannels) dry up.:p.06 The summer season betweenMarch and May is hot, with temperatures reachinga high of 37 °C (99 °F).[During this season, animalsusually are found near water bodies p.06 The rainymonsoon season lasts from June to September, andis responsible for most of Kazirangas annualrainfall of 2,220 mm (87 in). During the peakmonths of July and August, three-fourths of thewestern region of the park is submerged, due to therising water level of the Brahmaputra. The floodingcauses most animals to migrate to elevated andforested regions outside the southern border.
Kaziranga is one of the few wild breeding areasoutside Africa for multiple species of large cats,such as Indian Tigers and Leopards Kaziranga wasdeclared a Tiger Reserve in 2006 and has thehighest density of tigers in the world (one per fivekm²), with a population of 86, as per the 2000census Other felids include the Jungle Cat, FishingCat, and Leopard Cats Small mammals include therare Hispid Hare, Indian Gray Mongoose, SmallIndian Mongooses, Large Indian Civet, SmallIndian Civets, Bengal Fox, Golden Jackal, SlothBear, Chinese Pangolin, Indian Pangolins, HogBadger, Chinese Ferret Badgers, and Particoloredflying squirrelsNine of the 14 primate species foundin India occur in the park Prominent among themare the Assamese Macaque, Capp ed, GoldenLangur, as well as the only ape found in India, theHoolock Gibbon] Kazirangas rivers are also home
Kaziranga contains significant breedingpopulations of 35 mammalian species,[of which15 are threatened as per the IUCN Red List.[Thepark has the distinction of being home to theworlds largest population of the Great IndianOne-Horned Rhinoceros (1,855), WildAsiatic Water Buffalo (1,666) and EasternSwamp Deer] Significant populations of largeherbivores include elephants (1,940), gaurand sambar Small herbivores include theIndian Muntjac, wild boar, and hog deerKaziranga has the largest population of theWild water buffalo anywhere accounting forabout 57% of the world population
1.Wild Asian Water Buffalo2.Indian Elephant3.Royal Bengal Tiger4.Indian Wild Boar5.Eastern Mole6.Indian Pangolin7.Indian Gaur Swamp Deer8.Sambar Barking Deer9.Hoolock10.Hog Deer11.Capped Langur or Leaf Monkey12.Rhesus Macaque13.Assamese Macaque14.Indian Porcupine15.Fishing Cat16.Jungle Cat17.Large Indian Civet18.Indian Gray Mongoose19.Small Indian Mongoose20.Bengal Fox21.Golden Jackal22.Common Otter