Science project

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Science project

  1. 1. Designer Babies By: Hayley McDine and Lily Asyag Period 6
  2. 2. Basic Principles of Genetics <ul><li>A dominant allele always shows up in the organism when the allele is present. A recessive allele is covered up whenever the dominant allele is present. </li></ul><ul><li>In codominance, the alleles are neither dominant or recessive. </li></ul><ul><li>The punnet square expresses traits for the offspring. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Human Genome Project <ul><li>The project started in 1990. It is an international scientific research project with a primary goal of determining the sequence of chemical base pairs which made up DNA and to identify and map approximately 20,000-25,000 genes of human genome from both a physical and functional point. </li></ul><ul><li>Some questions that are asked today are: </li></ul><ul><li>a. Do people’s genes make them behave in particular way? </li></ul><ul><li>b. Can people always control their behavior? </li></ul><ul><li>c. What is considered acceptable diversity? </li></ul><ul><li>d. Where is the line between medical treatment and enhancement? </li></ul>
  4. 4. Genetic Disorder <ul><li>A. Single gene disorders: are conditions caused by the alteration or mutataion of a specific gene in the affected person’s DNA </li></ul><ul><li>B. Chromosome abnormalities: are problems that exists in the genetic structure of a baby’s chromosomes </li></ul><ul><li>C. Multifactorial disorder: one caused by the interaction of genetic and sometimes also non genetic, environmental factors </li></ul><ul><li>The parents could go to genetic counseling and they could be informed of the risks of having children. </li></ul><ul><li>A few questions asked to predict how karyotypes are used for genetic disorders are: </li></ul><ul><li>A. Too many or too few chromosomes ? </li></ul><ul><li>B. Missing pieces of chromosomes ? </li></ul><ul><li>C. Mixed up pieces of chromosomes ? </li></ul>
  5. 5. Argument 1 <ul><li>Most people who oppose abortion do so because it involves, in their view, killing a person. They believe that this technique too inevitably kills people and that this outweighs any benefits there might be. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Argument 2 <ul><li>If designer babies do happen in the future most of the world’s population will be designer babies. But there will still be babies that aren’t designed. Those kids will be far behind the kids that are designers. </li></ul><ul><li>Would designer babies and regular babies get along? </li></ul><ul><li>The Holocaust is an example in history that shows why making designer babies is unethical. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Argument 3 <ul><li>If we want the best for our children why shouldn’t we design our own babies? Using genetic techniques we can help prevent certain genetic diseases. This both saves the children from suffering and reduces the cost and emotional strain of looking after an ill child. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Argument 4 <ul><li>Could being a designer baby be too much pressure on the child? If you are born a designer baby, people expect you to be perfect. What if the child is not perfect? Being perfect is a lot to ask of a baby. Most people so not like this mutation . This is similar to engineering a babies body. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Conclusion <ul><li>A lot of people have mixed opinions of designer babies. Is it right or is it wrong? Why did people start out having babies the “regular way”? Are we supposed to change what is working for us? There is no such thing as perfect. No perfect people, no perfect animals, no perfect places, no perfect anything. How could just a little baby be perfect? This experiment is similar to cloning . The scientists are mixing different genes. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Works Cited <ul><li>Science Explorer Cells and Heredity textbook page 90-106 </li></ul><ul><li>..., March Of. Pregnancy, Baby, Prematurity, Birth Defects | March of Dimes . Web. 23 Mar. 2011. <http://www.marchofdimes.com/>. </li></ul><ul><li>Website Tags Edit Delete </li></ul><ul><li>  &quot;Journal of Clinical Investigation -- Genetic Counseling throughout the Life Cycle.&quot; THE JOURNAL OF CLINICAL INVESTIGATION . Web. 23 Mar. 2011. <http://www.jci.org/articles/view/20170>. </li></ul><ul><li>Website Tags Edit Delete </li></ul><ul><li>  &quot;Multifactorial - Definition of Multifactorial in the Medical Dictionary - by the Free Online Medical Dictionary, Thesaurus and Encyclopedia.&quot; Medical Dictionary . Web. 23 Mar. 2011. <http://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/multifactorial>. </li></ul><ul><li>Website Tags Edit Delete </li></ul><ul><li>  &quot;Single Gene Disorders.&quot; Reproductive Genetics Institute: PGD Experts . Web. 23 Mar. 2011. <http://www.reproductivegenetics.com/single_gene.html>. </li></ul>

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