Human Cloning By: Ellis Guzewich and Chris Bono Per. 3
Basic Principles of Genetics <ul><li>If a dominant allele is present it will always be shown. </li></ul><ul><li>If recessive and dominant alleles are present then the recessive trait will be masked by the dominant. </li></ul><ul><li>If two recessive alleles are present then the recessive trait will show. </li></ul>
Co-Dominance Co-Dominance is when the alleles are neither dominant or recessive. Both alleles are shown and one is not hidden. EX. Blood Type AB
Human Genome Project <ul><li>The project started in 1990. The main goal of the Human Genome Project is to identify the DNA sequence of every gene in the human genome. </li></ul><ul><li>The purpose of ELSI (ethical, legal, and social implications) is to anticipate, address, and ameliorate problems involved with the human genome project. </li></ul>
Genetic Disorder <ul><li>A Genetic Disorder is an abnormal condition that a person inherits through genes or chromosomes . </li></ul><ul><li>Genetic Disorders are caused by mutations in meiosis, or changes in a person’s DNA . </li></ul>
Genetic Disorder <ul><ul><li>How can genetic counseling help perspective parents who have a genetic disorder regarding future children? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Genetic counselors help couples find out their chance of having an offspring with a genetic disorder. Especially if their family has a history of genetic disorders. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Genetic counselors use tools to help them in what they have to do. For example karyotypes , pedigree charts, and Punnett squares. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>A Karyotype is a picture of all the chromosomes in a cell. This can help decide if a baby that is developing has the right number of chromosomes in it’s cells. </li></ul>
Argument 1 <ul><li>People should not be cloned because they might turn out very different from the original. </li></ul><ul><li>Even though it is a copy of the person it might turn out mean if the person is nice or have a different interest then the original. </li></ul><ul><li>Twins are a type of clone and some twins have very different opinions on things. </li></ul><ul><li>For example if they cloned Albert Einstein the clone would be like a twin and even if he inherited his smartness he might be interested in playing sports or even worse he might try to use his power to create powerful bombs or weapons. </li></ul>
Argument 2 <ul><li>The chart shows that many people are against the cloning that is designed to create a human being. </li></ul><ul><li>If many humans started to be cloned many people would go against it and cause problems. </li></ul>
Argument 3 <ul><li>This is Dolly the sheep. Dolly is the first ever offspring produced without an egg being fertilized by sperm. </li></ul><ul><li>This advancement in cloning can be used to save endangered species. </li></ul><ul><li>This was one of the first ever successful cloning experiments on mammals which later can be modified to work on humans. </li></ul>
Argument 4 <ul><li>Another consequence of cloning and the technology could be identity thief. All you would need to clone someone is a strand of their hair or your saliva from a cup. </li></ul><ul><li>There could be your clone who is wanted terrorist and you could be blamed because nobody could tell the difference. </li></ul>
Conclusion <ul><li>In conclusion, we are against cloning humans because even though they might look the same they are not the same person. For example, the original person might be an very nice person and the clone could be a murderer. However, if cloning is used to save endangered species then it should be allowed. </li></ul>
Work Cited <ul><li> "Ethical, Legal, and Social Issues --Genome Research." Oak Ridge National Laboratory . Web. 24 Mar. 2011. <http://www.ornl.gov/sci/techresources/Human_Genome/elsi/elsi.shtml>. </li></ul><ul><li>Padilla, Michael J., Ioannis Miaoulis, Martha Cyr, and Donald L. Cronkite. Cells and Heredity . Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 2000. Print. </li></ul><ul><li>ScienceDirect - Home . Web. 24 Mar. 2011. <http://www.sciencedirect.com/>. </li></ul><ul><li>"The CQ Researcher Online." CQ Press Electronic Library . Web. 23 Mar. 2011. <http://library.cqpress.com/cqresearcher/document.php?id=cqresrre1997050900&type=hitlist&num=0&PHPSESSID=ncruqau0crm86qjve7cmtgdch3>. </li></ul>
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