Basic Principles of Genetics <ul><li>Traits are controlled my dominant alleles because the dominant trait will always show even if both parents have the same recessive trait. </li></ul><ul><li>Trait are controlled by co-dominant alleles are neither dominant or recessive. </li></ul><ul><li>The two alleles of two parents express their traits in their offspring by giving half of their chromosomes to their child. </li></ul>
Human Genome Project <ul><li>The goal in the beginning was to find out what each gene is responsible for in the human body, and how mutations to genes cause genetic diseases This information might help us in the future so researchers can develop tests and treatments for genetic diseases, which will reduce human suffering and add productive years to our lives. </li></ul><ul><li>The legal problems that may arise from the human genome project is that people might use illegal products behind the legislature and breaking the laws. In society people might have misjudgment of someone and they might be excluded from the society itself. </li></ul><ul><li>On May 21, 2008, the Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act of 2008 (GINA), referred to by its sponsors as the first civil rights act of the 21st century, was enacted. GINA, P.L. 110-233, prohibits discrimination based on genetic information by health insurers and employers. </li></ul>
Genetic Disorder <ul><li>1. Single gene disorder causes sickle cell anemia and cystic fibrosis </li></ul><ul><li>2. Chromosome abnormalities different kinds of chromosomes that don’t belong to our bodies such as breast cancer, skin cancer, and lung cancer. </li></ul><ul><li>3. Multifactorial disorders cause heart disease, diabetes, and obesity. </li></ul><ul><li>Genetic counseling helps parents to prepare for what might come in the future such as medical, psychological, and familial implications of genetic contributions to diseases. </li></ul><ul><li>A normal karyotype has 46 chromosomes 22 pairs of autosomes and 2 sex chromosomes. When a person has too many or too few chromosomes, missing pieces of chromosomes, or mixed up pieces of chromosomes. </li></ul>
Argument 1 <ul><li>Many people are for human cloning because it gives people the chance to have children that they could never have. </li></ul><ul><li>After a scientist in south Korea announced they had created human embryos and cloning. </li></ul><ul><li>Some scientists think embryonic stem-cell research could someday produce cures for Parkinson’s disease, diabetes and other maladies that afflict milli0ons of people, including Alzheimer’s disease which killed President Ronald Regan. </li></ul>
Argument 2 <ul><li>People are also for human cloning because it help either their children or their family members who are still with them today. </li></ul><ul><li>Others are with human cloning because they believe it gives them a second chance at life. </li></ul><ul><li>Also the stem-cell research has help other people to life such as a woman at the supports the stem-cell research because her daughter is still living because of the research. Her daughter has juvenile diabetes. </li></ul>
Argument 3 <ul><li>Other people who think human cloning is wrong say the procedure offers more hype than hope. </li></ul><ul><li>Others, including former President Bush say the research is grossly unethical because it destroys human embryo’s </li></ul><ul><li>Presidential candidate Sen. John Kerry opposes human cloning but has vowed to quadruple federal funding for embryonic stem-cell research. </li></ul>
Argument 4 <ul><li>Cloning is a form of asexual reproduction in which an embryo is created, not by the natural method, but by using technology to replicate the genetic makeup of a single individual. This proves that cloning is unnatural even though they have been successful before. </li></ul><ul><li>Human cloning is not what people think. Some people think its to make another human being but really it’s to search for diseases. “Our goal is not to clone humans, but to understand the causes of diseases,” said project director Hwang Woo-suk, of Seoul National University. Which proves that cloning doesn’t mean taking another's organisms DNA and using it to make another organism similar to that one. </li></ul>
Conclusion <ul><li>Human cloning to some people is happiness and to others they think is wrong to do it. </li></ul><ul><li>Many scientists did a lot of research for human cloning and put a lot of hard work in doing what they do best. Some people don’t like the scientists for what they do. </li></ul><ul><li>We are against human cloning because we think life should take its course. </li></ul><ul><li>We are against human cloning because we think it is just wrong to clone someone. </li></ul>
Works Cited <ul><li>http://learn.genetics.utah.edu/content/begin/traits/predictdisorder/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.georgetownuniversityhospital.org/body.cfm?id=556426 </li></ul><ul><li>http://library.cqpress.com/cqresearcher/document.php?id=cqresrre2010040200&type=hitlist&num=6&PHPSESSID=vnthbo11a0qcqr6o2cvv9p94p2 </li></ul><ul><li>http://library.cqpress.com/cqresearcher/search.php?PHPSESSID=vnthbo11a0qcqr6o2cvv9p94p2&fulltext=single+gene+disorder&action=newsearch&sort=custom%3Asorthitsrank%2Cd </li></ul><ul><li>http://library.cqpress.com/cqresearcher/document.php?id=cqresrre2004102200 </li></ul>
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