Designer BabiesHannah Lildharrie & Monica Moser Period 3 and 8
Basic Principles of Genetics1. How are traits controlled by dominant and recessive alleles? A dominate allele always show up in an organism when the allele is present. A recessive allele, on the other hand, is masked when ever the dominant allele is present. A trait controlled by a recessive allele will only show up if the organism does not have the dominate allele.2. How are traits controlled with co- dominant alleles? For some alleles, an inheritance pattern called co-dominance exists. In co-dominance, the alleles are neither dominate or recessive. As a result neither allele is masked in the offspring.3. Explain how the alleles of the parents combine to express traits in offspring? Geneticists use Punnett square to show all possible outcomes of a genetic cross and to determine the probability of a particular outcome.
Human Genome ProjectThe Human Genome Project started in 1990 and scientists want to use the informationbased on this project to find cures for sexually transmitted diseases or cancer.The main goal of the project is to identify the DNA Sequence of every gene in thehuman genome.The implications of the Human Genome Project Ethically are mixed, some are forDesigner Babies, some are against it.Legally, the president, congress and the Supreme court had to see if the new projectwas okay enough to start.The social implications of the Human Genome project are mixed, some people thinkthat the designer babies are posthumans, when some think they are people too.The Human Genome Project changed current genetic laws because of the need tolook at a human genome.
Genetic DisordersA single gene disorder is a mutation that occurs inside a single gene.(i.e. Cysticfibrosis)A chromosome abnormality is a disorder in which there is more or less chromosomesin a gene. (i.e. Down syndrome)A multifactorial disorder is a disorder in which diseases are related to environmentalfactors. (i.e. Heart Disease) Genetic counseling offers invaluable information to people whose unborn childrenare at risk for certain genetic diseases and birth defects—either before they areexpecting or once they become pregnant. Genetic counseling offers invaluable information to people whose unborn children are at risk for certain genetic diseases and birth defects—either before they are expecting or once they become pregnant. A karyotype can reveal whether a developing baby has the correct number of chromosomes in it’s cell. Also, whether it’s a boy or girl.
Here is a video on designer babies! http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8fSCOZuHcdg
Argument 1 & 2: CON!I think we shouldn’t have designer babies. One reason is because it would be lessexpensive to have a baby the old fashion way (the way we do today) then having topay a lot of money to choose what traits they have. Just think the amount of moneyit would cost to have a child that you picked out. It might be like having a “perfectchild.” But what happened to liking a person for whom he or she was. It would beunethical to change the personality of a person, to adjust to your own wants. I thinkyou should love a person for who they were. There own genetic outcome.The basic idea of heredity is better than choosing what you want your baby looklike, because by not choosing then the baby is more related to the parents then ifyou don’t pass on the genes for that trait. One thing special about having a child is“a little replica of themselves.” Most of the time when people see their childrenthere is a family resemblance.
Argument 3 & 4: PRO!I think we should have designer babies. If we were able to design our ownbabies we would be able to decide what sort of illnesses they will be naturallyresistant to. This would be good because then we could be healthy and beresistant to all or almost all of the illnesses. To be able to protect people fromthe genetic mutations in the DNA would be a huge accomplishment.If we did have designer babies then you would at least have what you want for achild. It would almost be like having a perfect child! You also would know beforewhat gender it was and what it would look like this would be good for naming thechild. Sometimes parents’ name their child after it was born so they could tellwhat it looks like; for example a Taylor, Hannah, Cordelia ext.
Argument 5 & 6: CON!By having a designer baby everyone might look the same. Think about it; if everyonewanted a child that was tall then everyone would be tall. Or if everyone wanted tohave a high IQ, not that this is not good but when something new is invented then itwouldn’t be a great achievement. We might never be unique with some traits. Therealso could be a possibility that two or more people could look the same! Maybe notexactly the same but you could have a child that looks like a another child fromanother mother. It wouldn’t be like a twin but a friend that looks the same!
Argument 7 & 8: PRO!An important pro of the new invention is that you can choose what your childwill look like before you have it. Like, you can choose its eye color, hair colorand all of its physical attributes. The whole process is Genetic Engineering.Another pro for designer babies is that you don’t have to worry about particulartrait being passed down for example a trait for cancer. By doing this geneticistwon’t have to use a Pedigree.
ConclusionMy closing argument is that I am part for, partagainst Designer Babies and that through thisresearch, it helps back up arguments about thepros and cons of the newest study. Many peoplethink it is unnatural to do this because it wouldntreally have the same eyes as you, or be eventechnically yours. The heredity would bedifferent. However, some people are excited tofind out that we have this kind of technology todo this kind of research. They think that it is anext step to advanced genetic research and awhole new era in genetics.
A Poll on Designer Babies 41% furious 24% thrilled 12% laughing 12% sad 6% intrigued 6% bored