Designer Babies By: Emily Murphy and Sara Domenick Period 8
How is a designer baby created? An embryo is created by in-vitro fertilization (IVF) A single cell is removed from that embryo within the first 5 days of its creation The cell is genetically tested The parents decide whether to discard the embryo or implant it in the mother's womb
Human Genome Project
A plan to develop detailed genetic and physical map of the human genome
The official start of the human genome project was in 1990
The implications that regard to ethical, legal, and social implications are issues surrounding the completion of the human DNA sequence and the study of human genetic variation. issues raised by the integration of genetic technologies and information into health care and public health activities. issues raised by the integration of knowledge about genomics and gene-environment interactions in non-clinical settings. how new genetic knowledge may interact with a variety of philosophical, theological, and ethical perspectives. how racial, ethnic, and socioeconomic factors affect the use, understanding, and interpretation of genetic information; the use of genetic services; and the development of policy.
The completion of the Human Genome Project in 2001 has paved the way for the increased availability of genetic testing. There are many benefits associated with genetic testing, however, the potential risk for genetic discrimination also needs to be looked at very carefully. This has to do with GINA because The Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act (GINA) prohibits discrimination on the basis of genetic information with respect to health insurance and employment.
Genetic Disorders Single gene disorder is a genetic conditions caused by the alteration or mutation of a specific gene in the affected person’s DNA. Single gene disorders are heritable and often run in families. Chromosome Abnormalities usually happens as a result of an error in cell division. Multifactorial disorder is caused by the interaction of genetic and sometimes also non genetic, environmental factors.
Genetic counseling Genetic counseling can help perspective parents who have a genetic disorder regarding to their future children because genetic counseling is the counseling of individuals, and of prospective parents regarding their offspring, on the probabilities, dangers, diagnosis, and treatment of inherited diseases.
How are karyotypes used to predict genetic disorders? Karyotypes are used to predict genetic disorders because a normal human karyotype has 46 chromosomes: 22 pairs of autosomes and 2 sex chromosomes. http://learn.genetics.utah.edu/content/begin/traits/predictdisorder/ --- to find out more about it, test yourself with a quiz! Its called: which syndrome will result from following fertilization events! Just scroll down and its where all the purple chromosome pictures are!
Genetic Disorders and inheritance
If you could design your baby's features would you?*Con*Argument 1 If allowed, designer babies will have a bad impact in our world. It will end in many people thinking that foreigners and anyone else who seems are disgusting and people are scared of them. People who have genetic defects would be socially excluded from other kids. They will be separated from the society. Today, people who have genetic defects are already treated different and put away from the public in seven different parts of the world. Designer babies, will lead to injustice on the basis of certain qualities or traits. Kids of rich families will get genetic enhancement, which will lead to genetic upper class people. This gives them an unfair advantage over the other kids. Also, people that aren’t able to afford genetic engineering will be looked down at. Therefore, creating a greater problem in the world. Even though, most parts of the world are still male dominated, the gender of the baby can lead to gender discrimination across the globe.
Hooray for Designer babies*Pro*Argument 2 In some cases designer babies can be a good thing. For instance, The Hashmi family have a child who has a rare blood disorder, who urgently needs a blood marrow transplant. Now the Hashmi’s may be able to have a child that will be free from the disorder that the other child has. The child that is going to be born could also donate tissue to cure its sibling. This is a positive side to designer babies.
What are the risks of creating a Designer Baby?*con* traits decided by parents, take away the say of the child in their life. Parents who love sports would have the athletic ability engineered into the child, however, the child may not want the same. If a child is born with the outstanding ability to play athletics and they choose not to, an engineered gene is wasted, or the child is forced to do something they don’t want to do. Another reason why making a designer baby is risky are the several mutations virus’s and diseases that altering genes can lead to. Now a days its difficult to know when altering genes can cause birth defects and illnesses that will affect a child’s life forever.
What are the benefits of creating a Designer Baby?*pro* If you are a parent suffering from the grief of a sick of dying child it can be beneficial to create a designer baby that can be a donor for your first child. In many cases when a child is suffering from diseases such a leukemia a parent might have another child but alter their genes to make them a perfect match to their sick child in order to save them.
Work Cited Johnson, Priya. "Pros and Cons of Designer Babies." Buzzle Web Portal: Intelligent Life on the Web. Web. 24 Mar. 2011. <http://www.buzzle.com/articles/pros-and-cons-of-designer-babies.html>. "The Human Genome Project." Untitled Document. Web. 24 Mar. 2011. <http://campus.udayton.edu/~hume/Genome/genome.htm>. "What Are Genetic Disorders?" Learn.Genetics™. 2011. Web. 25 Mar. 2011. <http://learn.genetics.utah.edu/content/disorders/whataregd/>. "The Human Genome Project: 10 Years Later, Progress but Still a Puzzle - WNYC." Home - WNYC. Web. 25 Mar. 2011. <http://www.wnyc.org/articles/wnyc-news/2010/jul/31/human-genome-project-progress-still-puzzle/>. Johnson, Priya. "Pros and Cons of Designer Babies." Buzzle Web Portal: Intelligent Life on the Web. Web. 25 Mar. 2011. <http://www.buzzle.com/articles/pros-and-cons-of-designer-babies.html>. "Designer Babies?" Jesus Christ Is the ONLY Way to Heaven! Web. 25 Mar. 2011. <http://www.jesus-is-savior.com/End of the World/Genetics Nightmare/designer_babies.htm>. "Designer Babies - TIME." Breaking News, Analysis, Politics, Blogs, News Photos, Video, Tech Reviews - TIME.com. Web. 25 Mar. 2011. <http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,989987,00.html>.
Conclusion: Designer Baby Although there are some benefits to creating a designer baby I believe that the risks are much greater than the possible positive outcomes that might take place. Even though altering your child’s genes could save someone else’s life it can also leave your child with harmful virus’s diseases and mutations. Other then physically damaging your child you could also hurt them emotionally by making them feel that they are obligated to perform to the ability that they were created for