Impressionism

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Impressionism

  1. 1. Impressionism
  2. 2. • Impressionism was a 19th century art movement that began as a loose association of Paris based artists, who began exhibiting their art publicly in the 1860’s. The name of the movement is derived from the title of a Claude Monet painting, called Impression, Sunrise
  3. 3. Impression - Sunrise
  4. 4. Impressionist artists felt thenew technology ofPhotography was ruining theart of painting. They felt theneed to create a new style ofpainting in which accuraterendering of the subject wasnot the main focus.
  5. 5. The Impressionists changedthe approach to painting, byrecreating the sensationin the eye that views thesubject, rather thanrecreating the subject.
  6. 6. The public, at first hated thepaintings, then gradually cameto believe that theImpressionists had captured afresh and original vision. Theart critics of that time,continued to disapprove callingthe paintings unfinishedsketches.
  7. 7. Characteristics of Impressionistpainting include:• Visible brushstrokes• Light Colors• Emphasis on Light and the changing qualities of it• Ordinary Subject Matter• Unusual Visual Angles• Open Compositions
  8. 8. Visible Brushstrokes
  9. 9. Light Colors
  10. 10. Emphasis on Light
  11. 11. The Changing Qualities of LightHaystack - Morning Haystack - Mist
  12. 12. Ordinary Subject Matter
  13. 13. Unusual Visual Angles
  14. 14. Open Compositions
  15. 15. Today the Impressionist style is verymuch alive and a very successfultechnique of painting. Though manyartists have painted in theImpressionist style, the followingartists were the innovators andmasters of their style:
  16. 16. Masters of Impressionism• Claude Monet – Lilly ponds & Gardens• Auguste Renoir – People Outdoors• Edgar Degas – Dancers and Theater• Camille Pissarro – Cities and Streets• Alfred Sisley – Rivers and Landscapes
  17. 17. Paintings by Claude Monet Self Portrait
  18. 18. Artists Garden at Giverny - 1886
  19. 19. Haystack – Sunset -
  20. 20. Water lilies – The Clouds - 1903
  21. 21. Water lilies – Green Reflection - 1906
  22. 22. Paintings by Auguste Renoir
  23. 23. Gypsy Girl - 1879
  24. 24. The Boating Party - 1979
  25. 25. Monet painting in his Garden - 1873
  26. 26. The Swing 1876
  27. 27. Paintings By Edgar Degas
  28. 28. Miss la la at the circus Fernando
  29. 29. Horses Before the Stands - 1876
  30. 30. Cabaret - 1877
  31. 31. The Rehearsal -
  32. 32. Paintings by CamillePissaro Self Portrait
  33. 33. The Orchard - 1872
  34. 34. Jallais Hills - 1876
  35. 35. Path Through the Woods - 1876
  36. 36. Boulavarde Montmarte – Rainy Afternoon - 1897
  37. 37. Boulavarde Montmarte – Night - 1897
  38. 38. Paintings By Alfred Sisley
  39. 39. Bridge At Villanueve - 1872
  40. 40. Banks of the Siene - 1873
  41. 41. Flood at Port Marly - 1876
  42. 42. Station at Serves - 1879
  43. 43. Church at Moret - 1894
  44. 44. Paintingtechniquesdeveloped andused by theImpressionists:
  45. 45. Short, thick strokes of paintare used to quickly capturethe essence of the subject,rather than its details.
  46. 46. Colors are applied side-by-sidewith as little mixing as possible,creating a vibrant surface. Theoptical mixing of colors occursin the eye of the viewer.
  47. 47. The play of natural light isemphasized. Close attention ispaid to the reflection of colorsfrom object to object.
  48. 48. Grays and dark tones areproduced by mixingcomplimentary colors. In pureImpressionism the use of blackpaint is avoided.
  49. 49. In paintings made en plein air(outdoors), shadows are boldlypainted with the blue of the sky asit is reflected onto surfaces, givinga sense of freshness andopenness that was not captured inpainting previously. (Blue shadowson snow inspired the technique.)
  50. 50. Impressionism became the birthof Modern Art. All of the majorart movements which wouldfollow, including PostImpressionism, Fauvism,Cubism, Surrealism, AbstractExpressionism and Pop Art owetheir beginnings toImpressionism.
  51. 51. Advanced Art – Impressionism• Lesson Objectives – Students will have a general understanding of the theory and characteristics of the Impressionist style of art and the major artists of the style. Students will be able to analyze light more objectively and learn to paint using the techniques of the impressionist style.• Activities• 1 Students will be shown power point on Impressionism. Create a list of artists, characteristics and techniques of the Impressionist style• 2 Students will find examples of Impressionist style of painting from the internet at (ARTCHIVE). They will print 1 example of the artist of their choice and attempt to accurately reproduce the colors and brush strokes of the painting. Size will be 6x8.• 3 Students will produce an original painting executed in the Impressionist style. Size will be 11x14.• 4 Students will be given a test on characteristics, techniques, and artist work identification.• Assessment –Will be graded according the response to instruction, degree and quality of completion, craftsmanship, originality and appropriate classroom behavior.• Materials - poster board, tempera paint, acrylic paint• Standards• 1-KNOWLEDGE - STUDENTS KNOW AND APPLY VISUAL ARTS MEDIA, TECHNIQUES AND PROCESSES.• 2-APPLICATION - STUDENTS USE KNOWLEDGE OF VISUAL CHARACTERISTICS, PURPOSES AND FUNCTIONS.• "3-CONTENT - STUDENTS CHOOSE, APPLY AND EVALUATE A RANGE OF SUBJECT MATTER, SYMBOLS AND IDEAS.• "4-CONTEXT - STUDENTS UNDERSTAND THE VISUAL ARTS IN RELATION TO HISTORY AND CULTURE.• "5-INTERPRETATION - STUDENTS ANALYZE AND ASSESS CHARACTERISTICS, MERITS AND MEANINGS IN THEIR OWN ARTWORK AND THE WORK OF OTHERS.
  52. 52. Haystack – Sunset -
  53. 53. Cabaret - 1877

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