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Mental disorder (2)

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  • 1. Project Practical English “Psychosis-neurosis: increasing Mental disorder” Saravithaya School Bangkok , THAILAND
  • 2. Abstract This Project outline was over all aboutpsychology disease [psychosis,neurosis, mental disorder : mental illness]. You can’tdisavow, The modern trend ofworld civilization was come with the revolution of oursame world. The changedtechnology, the changed culture, The changeddemonstrative convinced and Thechanged social. The day life of people were seriousand to early. Today the mentalhealth was the important thing to cared. ‘Mentalhealth : What’s normal, What’s not?’an article from Mayo clinic.com (Reference DocumentNo.1) was the beginning of
  • 3. Statement of problem You can’t disavow, The modern trend ofworld civilization was come with the revolution ofour same world. The changed technology, thechanged culture, The changed demonstrativeconvinced and The changed social. The day life ofpeople were serious and to early. Today the mentalhealth was the important thing to cared. ‘Mentalhealth : What’s normal, What’s not?’ an article fromMayo clinic.com (Reference Document No.1) wasthe beginning of this project. The essential of this project : - It was the product from the researchingabout the currently social and the mental health problem whose increasing
  • 4. Objective - To researching about the currently social andthe mental health problem whose increasing nowadays. - To make the interest about youth andpsychosis. - To study the cause of psychosis-neurosis,Mental disorder(Mental illness). - To study classification of mental disorder. - To study Law and policies about psychosis. - To make the right understand about psychosisand mental disorder. - To make the useful appendices and referencesof this research.
  • 5. Outline - The currently social and the mental health problemwhose increasing nowadays. - The youth and psychosis. - The cause of psychosis-neurosis, Mentaldisorder(Mental illness). - History of mental disorder. - Classification of mental disorder. - Diagnosis, Treatment and Medication for mentaldisorder. - The Prognosis and Prevalence. - Profession and field. - The movements of mental disorder. - Law and policies about psychosis. - Perception and Discrimination (Media, Generalpubic, Violence, Employment) - The appendices (supplementary) of this research.
  • 6. Reason - The knowledge from researching about thecurrently social and the mental health problem whose increasing nowadays. - The interest and careful about mental disorders ofyouth and other people. - Known the cause of psychosis-neurosis, Mentaldisorder(Mental illness). And can used for days life - Known the Law and policies about psychosis. - The right understand about psychosis and mentaldisorder. - The better skill of English.
  • 7. Psychosis-neurosis :increasing Mental disorder
  • 8. Psychosis ; Neurosis ; Mental disorder ; Mental illness ; this’s 4 words in this project. Theremeaning was very close but different too.however all of this words were refer about the unusual symptoms psychological. Researching psychology was a verydelicate work. In spite of mental disorder and Mental illness was understand in same meaning. And have a little blankbetween Mental disorder or Mental illness and Psychosis. Mental disorder andPsychosis were line over all of the disease
  • 9. Psychosis Psychosis is a serious but treatable medical condition that reflects a disturbance in brain functioning. A person with psychosis experiences some loss of contact with reality, characterized by changes in their way of thinking, believing, perceiving and/or behaving. For the person experiencing psychosis, the condition can be very disorienting and distressing. Without effective treatment, psychosis can overwhelm the lives of individuals and families. Psychosis is a medical condition that
  • 10. Interviewed of Ph.D. psychologist Breeding, Ph.D. John Licensed PsychologistFormal TrainingPh.D. (Aug. 1983) School Psychology Training Program, The University of Texasat Austin, Department of Educational Psychology. Areas of Concentration:Social and Clinical Interventions with Children and Families; ProgramTexas at Austin, The University ofEvaluation. M.A. Austin, Texas;Educational Psychology, August,1981. B.A. The University ofTexas at Austin,Austin, Texas;Clinical ExperiencePsychology, May1975.•Psychologist, Private Practice,1986-Present•Clinical Supervisor, RecoveryUnlimited, 1988-1989•Psychologist, Eating DisorderProgram, Hays•Memorial Hospital, July 1985to November 1986•Therapist, New MoonWilderness Program,•September 1983 to July 1985Pre-Doctoral internship - School
  • 11. A person with psychosis may: •experience confused thoughts •feel their thoughts have sped up or slowed down •feel preoccupied with unusual ideas •believe that others can manipulate their thoughts; or that they can manipulate the thoughts of others •perceive voices or visions that no one else can hear or see •feel changed in some way •act differently than they usually would Sometimes psychosis emerges graduallyover time, so that in the early stages symptomsmight be dismissed or ignored. Other times,
  • 12. What causes psychosis? When psychosis occurs for the firsttime it is difficult to know the cause.Psychosis is associated with a number of medicalconditions including schizophrenia, depression,bipolar (manic-depressive) disorder andsubstance abuse, among others. Because the firstepisode of psychosis can signal a variety ofconditions, it is important to seek a thoroughmedical assessment.
  • 13. 1.Anxiety disorders: People with anxiety disorders respond tocertain objects or situations with fear and dread, as well as withphysical signs of anxiety or nervousness, such as a rapid heartbeatand sweating. An anxiety disorder is diagnosed if the personsresponse is not appropriate for the situation, if the person cannotcontrol the response or if the anxiety interferes with normalfunctioning. Anxiety disorders includegeneralized anxiety disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), panic disorder,social anxiety disorder and specific phobias.2.Mood disorders: These disorders, also called affective disorders,involve persistent feelings of sadness or periods of feeling overlyhappy, or fluctuations from extreme happiness to extremesadness. The most common mood disorders are depression, maniaand bipolar disorder.3.Psychotic disorders: Psychotic disorders involve distortedawareness and thinking. Two of the most common symptoms ofpsychotic disorders are hallucinations -- the experience of imagesor sounds that are not real, such as hearing voices -- and delusions-- false beliefs that the ill person accepts as true, despite evidenceto the contrary. Schizophrenia is an example of a psychoticdisorder.
  • 14. attitudes and behaviors involving weight and food. Anorexianervosa, bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorder are the mostcommon eating disorders.2.Impulse control and addiction disorders: People with impulsecontrol disorders are unable to resist urges, or impulses, toperform acts that could be harmful to themselves or others.Pyromania (starting fires), kleptomania (stealing) and compulsivegambling are examples of impulse control disorders. Alcohol anddrugs are common objects of addictions. Often, people with thesedisorders become so involved with the objects of their addictionthat they begin to ignore responsibilities and relationships.3.Personality disorders: People with personality disorders haveextreme and inflexible personality traits that are distressing to theperson and/or cause problems in work, school or socialrelationships. In addition, the persons patterns of thinking andbehavior significantly differ from the expectations of society andare so rigid that they interfere with the persons normalfunctioning. Examples include antisocial personality disorder,obsessive-compulsive personality disorder and paranoidpersonality disorder.
  • 15. event or situation. The stressors may include natural disasters, such as anearthquake or tornado; events or crises, such as a car accident or thediagnosis of a major illness; or interpersonal problems, such as a divorce,death of a loved one, loss of a job or a problem with substance abuse.Adjustment disorder usually begins within three months of the event orsituation and ends within six months after the stressor stops or iseliminated.2.Dissociative disorders: People with these disorders suffer severedisturbances or changes in memory, consciousness, identity, and generalawareness of themselves and their surroundings. These disorders usuallyare associated with overwhelming stress, which may be the result oftraumatic events, accidents or disasters that may be experienced orwitnessed by the individual. Dissociative identity disorder, formerly calledmultiple personality disorder, or "split personality", and depersonalizationdisorder are examples of dissociative disorders.3.Factitious disorders: Factitious disorders are conditions in whichphysical and/or emotional symptoms are experienced in order to placethe individual in the role of a patient or a person in need of help.4.Sexual and gender disorders: These include disorders that affectsexual desire, performance and behavior. Sexual dysfunction, genderidentity disorder and the paraphilias are examples of sexual and genderdisorders.5.Somatoform disorders: A person with a somatoform disorder, formerlyknown as psychosomatic disorder, experiences physical symptoms of anillness even though a doctor can find no medical cause for the symptoms.
  • 16. Conclusion The researching of this project obvious the mental disorder is not a distant problem. Today, The social is changing every days, And have a serious problem every times. Psychosis is a serious but treatable medical condition affecting the brain. National Alliance on Mental illness ‘Fact sheet [Mental illness: Facts and Numbers] (References documents No.6) can attested. “One in 4 adults – approximately 57.7 million Americans – experience a mental health disorder in 2007. One in 17 lives with a serious mental illness ,such as schizophrenia” , “Half of all lifetime cases of mental illness begin by age 14, three-quarters by age 24. Despite effective treatments, three are long delays – sometimes