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Axiology V16

Axiology V16






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    Axiology V16 Axiology V16 Presentation Transcript

    • The Hierarchy of Value An Axiological Exploration Somik Raha Doctoral Candidate Stanford University Feb 19, 2008
    • What do social ventures care about?
      • Propose Ethnography
      • Without Ethnography: Public Safety
      • With Ethnography: Public Safety and Education
    • How much do they care?
      • Propose Hierarchy of Value from Formal Axiology
    • Goal
      • Before assigning dollar values, I want to figure out what I care about
      • Come up with a framing tool that helps me understand how much I value something before assigning dollar amounts
    • The origin of value
      • Comes from a sense of “good”
      • Definition of Good
      • Something is good when it fulfills the definition of its concept.
      • Good = concept fulfillment
    • Three types of concepts
      • Synthetic, Abstract and Singular
      • Fulfillment of synthetic concepts generates systemic value. e.g. regulatory fulfillment
      • Fulfillment of abstract concepts generates extrinsic value. e.g. good chair, car, etc.
      • Fulfillment of singular concepts generates intrinsic value. e.g. unique chair, car, etc.
    • Usage
      • I want a round table
      • Roundness of an actual table gives me systemic value, but is not enough.
      • The fact that the table has all the properties of the concept “table” makes it a good table, and provides extrinsic value
      • Suppose I find out that this round table once belonged to Kennedy. It is now a unique round table that is worth much more than a regular round table.
    • Good “Campus Bike Safety”
      • I want compliance of bike safety laws – there is systemic value in the enforcement of such laws.
      • I want people to be good bike riders. They are good bike riders when they fulfill the definition of a good bike rider in my mind- one of the properties is one who rides safely. Fulfilling this definition gives extrinsic value.
      • Finally, I want bike riders to appreciate bike safety so much that they would be willing to educate their family and friends to ride safely. This gives intrinsic value.
    • Detectors
      • In a sense, systemic values are a detector for extrinsic values
      • Extrinsic values are a detector for intrinsic values
    • Actions and value
      • Are my actions leading to more systemic value?
      • Are my actions leading to more extrinsic value?
      • Are my actions leading to more intrinsic value?
    • How would I know?
      • Systemic value is easy to observe
      • Extrinsic value is harder – patrols, people looking out for risky bike behavior, etc.
      • Intrinsic value is hardest to observe – ask those who finish a bike safety class if anyone wants to teach/organize bike safety classes in their dorms
    • Moving to dollar valuations
      • Dollar values have to be assigned keeping in mind all three levels of value
      • What am I willing to pay to receive only systemic value? (Recording Violations)
      • What am I willing to pay to receive systemic and extrinsic value? (Observing bike behavior, Vaden activity – no violations but people are injured)
      • What am I willing to pay to receive all three levels of value? (Conducting once-a-month class on bike safety)
    • Other Social Ventures
    • Good “AIDS Education”
      • A measurable drop in those who get AIDS. A measurable drop in misunderstanding levels of how one gets AIDS.
      • People are taking safety measures to protect themselves from AIDS.
      • Developing compassion about those who have AIDS, and helping educate friends and colleagues.