Inaddekwit Ejucayshun

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For Contemporary Social Issues 2014 Winter term

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Inaddekwit Ejucayshun

  1. 1. Inaddekwit Ejucayshun(Inadequate Education) By: Michael Burnie & Evan Pugh
  2. 2. Why is Education important?  “Education gives us a knowledge of the world around us and changes it into something better. It develops in us a perspective of looking at life.” – Kafoumba Doumbia, 2013  Education greatly reduces crime, illness and poverty  Education helps us move forward with new technologies, increasing efficiency, effectiveness, and providing more environmentally-friendly alternatives  Education instills respect and compassion towards people of other cultures and identities  Education can solve many social issues we encounter today and tomorrow 2Inaddekwit Ejucayshun | Michael Burnie & Evan Pugh
  3. 3. How does Education reduce crime?  A strong education system means that more young adults are employed, promoting productivity and responsibility  We can see that education reduces crime by comparing the rate of incarceration  A 2003 study thoroughly performed by Lance Lochner (ofWestern University) and Enrico Moretti (of UCLA), simply stated, found that “schooling significantly reduces criminal activity”  Prisons have been re-educating inmates for several years now, as these institutions have found that an educated prisoner is less likely to rejoin a life of crime  A reduction in crime also means saving taxpayer money through a smaller penitentiary system and requiring less police officers  Don’t forget the nicer neighbourhoods to live in! 3Inaddekwit Ejucayshun | Michael Burnie & Evan Pugh
  4. 4. How does Education improve health?  First of all, anybody in the medical field requires extensive education in order to be qualified to work on a human being, be it physical or mental work  In countries where healthcare isn’t covered, an educated individual is much more employable, therefore receives income in order to pay for medical expenses  An educated individual is also someone who has been influenced to make better life decisions, such as not picking up smoking or drugs, and understanding a healthy lifestyle  “An additional four years of education lowers five-year mortality by 1.8 percentage points; it also reduces the risk of heart disease by 2.16 percentage points, and the risk of diabetes by 1.3 percentage points.” - Les Picker, n.d. 4Inaddekwit Ejucayshun | Michael Burnie & Evan Pugh
  5. 5. How does Education reduce poverty?  Poverty is a very expensive problem in developed nations, as there are many government programs to help unemployed individuals  Long-term unemployment usually stems from a lack of education  An educated individual is an employable one, especially as it is increasingly important to complete high school and post- secondary education  The unemployment rate is very high for those who haven’t graduated high school; it’s much less if they have, and much less still if they’ve completed a post-secondary study 5Inaddekwit Ejucayshun | Michael Burnie & Evan Pugh
  6. 6. How does Education affect social behaviour?  Children who are exposed to public education have the opportunities to interact and learn how to be more social and properly communicate  By interacting with each other through play or classroom activities, children develop emotional intelligence  Children will also learn proper mannerisms and how to respond to authoritative figures, as they are taught to raise their hand to ask questions or go to the bathroom 6Inaddekwit Ejucayshun | Michael Burnie & Evan Pugh
  7. 7. How does no Education compare to Home- schooling and Public Education?  No available education can lead to many problems, such as poverty and illness, as discussed before  Students who are enrolled in public education have greater opportunities than if they were left to educate themselves  The key in any education is following a structured program  With no structure or guidance, children often fall far behind  "Students between the age of five and 10 who were home- schooled with a structured curriculum surpassed the public school peers on standardized tests“ - Anderssen, 2012 7Inaddekwit Ejucayshun | Michael Burnie & Evan Pugh
  8. 8. Is Education available equally between genders?  Short answer: definitely not!  “One in five adults cannot read or write—776 million people worldwide—the majority of them women.” – Understanding Social Problems, 2011  In developing nations and where education is scarce, girls are not given the same opportunities that boys have  Although the educational gender gap has decreased, it’s still clear that girls’ education is undervalued compared to boys’ education  The gender wage gap, although decreasing, may still also have an effect on a woman’s outlook on post-secondary education 8Inaddekwit Ejucayshun | Michael Burnie & Evan Pugh
  9. 9. Is Education adequate in third-world nations?  Education is far from being available to many people in third world countries  There are many barriers that need to be overcome before everyone has access to basic education  The greatest barrier the world faces is poverty  "Even when primary school is technically free, additional charges for uniforms, textbooks, teacher salaries and school maintenance create financial barriers“ - United Nations, n.d.  There are classroom shortages which creates over crowding and leave most without access to a classroom 9Inaddekwit Ejucayshun | Michael Burnie & Evan Pugh
  10. 10. Is Education adequate in third-world nations? (Cont’d)  When a natural disaster occurs, rebuilding the education sectors is usually at a very low priority.  As mentioned previously, gender equality is often a problem in developing nations.Girl's education is still undervalued.  Poverty forces young children to seek work when there is family illness, raised cost of living, a natural disasters happen.  These jobs are often harmful to their well-being. 10Inaddekwit Ejucayshun | Michael Burnie & Evan Pugh
  11. 11. How is Education in Canada?  Canada has one of the highest rankings in education  In 2010, we were in 6th place, behind China, Korea, Finland, Hong Kong, and Singapore – CBC News  Canada is a culturally diverse nation, and education follows this as there is little discrimination for accepting people of different cultural backgrounds into our schools 11Inaddekwit Ejucayshun | Michael Burnie & Evan Pugh
  12. 12. What is the cost of education?  InCanada, elementary schools are paid for through taxes and funding depending on what sectors you enter in  Primary school education is free and available to the public  Secondary schools are in the same respect available in most areas ofCanada and are free as well  InCanada the average cost of tuition per semester can range from $2,243 to about $6,348 as of 2012-2013 - Habib, 2013  Other expenses include living expenses such as food, rent and health care if it is not covered. Depending on the location this can have a larger impact on the total debt of a student 12Inaddekwit Ejucayshun | Michael Burnie & Evan Pugh
  13. 13. What is the cost of education? (Cont’d)  Each country has their own education system and they vary greatly in cost  For those who are adventurous, there are alternative choices for post secondary education  Travelling and learning abroad can not only be inspiring, eye- opening and fun, but also cheaper and quicker  "Rachel Ferry... aVirginia resident... is working on an international relations master's at Durham University in northern England. Her cost, including living expenses, will be $40,000, and she will be out of the workforce for only a year" - Baldwin, 2013  The cost of education continues to rise and is a growing problem in Canada and other developed nations 13Inaddekwit Ejucayshun | Michael Burnie & Evan Pugh
  14. 14. How does Education relate to the Structural- Functionalist Perspective?  Much of this slideshow is dedicated to the Structural-Functionalist Perspective; a failure in the educational system causes other social problems  Cultural diversity also stems from education, as students get many opportunities to meet with others from different ethnic backgrounds—also known as Multicultural Education  Students also learn to respect authority figures, as they are taught to ask permission when necessary, and understanding that it is rude to interrupt, and so on  With a strong education system, various aspects of society will be strengthened, without causing harm 14Inaddekwit Ejucayshun | Michael Burnie & Evan Pugh
  15. 15. Conclusion  According to the Structural-Functionalist Perspective, education is an integral part of society, and prominent social problems can be traced back to a failed educational system  Education can solve social problems from poverty to illness  In many developing nations, education is still very much inadequate and unequal  Even in developed nations, such as Canada and the US, there is room for improvement to better the educational system, including lowering costs  Everyone should have access to proper education! 15Inaddekwit Ejucayshun | Michael Burnie & Evan Pugh
  16. 16. References  Anderssen, E. (2012, September 10). Is home-schooling a better option than public school? -The Globe and Mail. Retrieved from http://www.theglobeandmail.com/life/the-hot-button/is-home- schooling-a-better-option-than-public-school/article617266/  Baldwin,W. (2013, February 28). Paying for College: Lower Cost Degrees in Europe - Forbes. Retrieved from http://www.forbes.com/sites/baldwin/2013/02/28/lower-cost- college-degrees-in-europe/  Canadian education ranked among world's best -Technology & Science - CBC News. (2010, December 7). Retrieved from http://www.cbc.ca/news/technology/canadian-education-ranked- among-world-s-best-1.940247  Doumbia, K. (2013,August 18).Why is Education So Important in Our Life? | EdLab. Retrieved from http://edlab.tc.columbia.edu/index.php?q=node/9886 16Inaddekwit Ejucayshun | Michael Burnie & Evan Pugh
  17. 17. References (Cont’d)  Habib, M. (2013, September 11). University tuition rising to record levels in Canada - Canada - CBC News. Retrieved from http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/university-tuition-rising-to- record-levels-in-canada-1.1699103  Lochner, L., & Moretti, E. (2003, October).The Effect of Education onCrime: Evidence from Prison Inmates,Arrests, and Self- Reports. Retrieved from http://emlab.berkeley.edu/~moretti/lm46.pdf  Mooney, L., Knox, D., & Schacht,C. (2011). Understanding Social Problems (7th ed.). Belmont, CA:Wadsworth.  Picker, L. (n.d.).The Effects of Education on Health. Retrieved from http://www.nber.org/digest/mar07/w12352.html  United Nations (n.d.). UN Global Education First Initiative – United Nations Secretary General’s Global Initiative on Education – 1. Every child in school. Retrieved from http://www.globaleducationfirst.org/218.htm 17Inaddekwit Ejucayshun | Michael Burnie & Evan Pugh

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