Problem 1 1. b. “as required by OSHA Subpart E.” Seems to be an error in this answer. NABCEP indicates subpart “E”. OSHA indicates subpart “M”. 1926.501(b)(1) "Unprotected sides and edges." Each employee on a walking/working surface (horizontal and vertical surface) with an unprotected side or edge which is 6 feet (1.8 m) or more above a lower level shall be protected from falling by the use of guardrail systems, safety net systems, or personal fall arrest systems.
Problem 3 3. A. “See section 3.1.2” (of NABCEP Study Guide) “The severity of the shock depends on the path of current flow through the body, the amount of current, and the duration of the exposure”
Problem 5 5. D. “See section 3.1.2” (of NABCEP Study Guide) “Currents of more than 75 mA ac can cause a rapid, ineffective heartbeat, and can result in death in minutes unless a defibrillator is used.”
Problem 7 7. B. “See section 3.1.3” (of NABCEP Study Guide) “Consequently, OSHA requires that fall protection be used for walkways and ramps, holes and excavations, roofs, and wall openings where an employee or worker can fall 6 feet or more.”
Problem 8 8. D. “See section 3.1.3” (of NABCEP Study Guide) “Guardrails used to protect open-sided floors and platforms must have top rails between 39 and 45 inches tall, a mid rail, and toeboards at least 3-1/2 inches high.”
Problem 9 9. B. “See section 3.1.3” “Guardrails used to protect open-sided floors and platforms must have top rails between 39 and 45 inches tall, a mid rail, and toeboards at least 3-1/2 inches high.”
Problem 12 12. A. “See section 3.1.4” “Stairways with four or more risers, or higher than 30 inches, must be equipped with at least one handrail, capable of withstanding a force of 200 pounds.”
Problem 13 13. B. “See section 3.1.4” “Stairways with four or more risers, or higher than 30 inches, must be equipped with at least one handrail, capable of withstanding a force of 200 pounds.”
Problem 16 16. B. “See section 3.1.4” “Non-self-supporting ladders (those that lean against a wall or other support) must be positioned at an angle where the horizontal distance from the top support to the foot of the ladder is 1/4 the working length of the ladder.” The working height is 20 feet. 1/4th of 20 is 5 feet.
Problem 17 3.1.4 “When using a portable ladder for access to an upper landing surface, the side rails must extend at least 3 feet as 3 feet above the upper landing surface.” required by OSHA 2 2L = (12) + (3) + 3 UnknownL = 144 + 9 + 3 length 12 feetL = 153 + 3L = 12.4 + 3 3 feet (i.e. ¼ of 12 as required byL = 15.4 feet OSHA)
Problem 18 18. D. “See section 3.1.4” If using ladders where the employee or the ladder could contact exposed energized electrical equipment, such as transformers or overhead services, ladders must have nonconductive side rails such as wood or fiberglass.
Problem 19 19. D. “See section 3.1.6” “Class B hardhats are intended for electrical and utility work, and protect against falling objects, as well as high- voltage shock and burns.” from NABCEP Study Guide.
Problem 19 WRONG!: Hard hats are classified based on ANSI Z89.1. The 1986 revision had a Class B classification for high voltage. This classification changed in 1997 to Classes G & E.
Problem 20 20. D. “See section 3.1.6” (of NABCEP Study Guide) “Employee responsibilities include using PPE in accordance with training received and other instructions, and inspecting daily and maintaining in a clean and reliable condition.”
Problem 21 21. D. “See section 3.1.6” “Eye protection must be provided to protect against hazards such as dust and other flying particles, corrosive gases, vapors, and liquids, and welding operations.”
Problem 22 22. C. C is the best answer because (a) is not at the level of the workers, (b) may be distracted, and d is not at the level of the workers and not in communication with them while they work.
Problem 22"Safety monitoring systems." Safety monitoring systems [See 1926.501(b)(10) and 1926.502(k)] and their useshall comply with the following provisions:1926.502(h)(1)The employer shall designate a competent person to monitor the safety of other employees and the employershall ensure that the safety monitor complies with the following requirements:1926.502(h)(1)(i)The safety monitor shall be competent to recognize fall hazards;..1926.502(h)(1)(ii)1926.502(h)(1)(ii)The safety monitor shall warn the employee when it appears that the employee is unaware of a fall hazard or isacting in an unsafe manner;1926.502(h)(1)(iii)The safety monitor shall be on the same walking/working surface and within visual sighting distance of theemployee being monitored;1926.502(h)(1)(iv)The safety monitor shall be close enough to communicate orally with the employee; and1926.502(h)(1)(v)The safety monitor shall not have other responsibilities which could take the monitors attention from themonitoring function.
Problem 23 23. B. The module and wiring can withstand short-circuit current of the module, even if modules are connected in series or parallel. (Wiring must be sized accordingly.)
Problem 23 Consider this. Modules have a nameplate rating for Isc (short-circuit current) under STC (standard test conditions) which is an irradiance of 1,000 watts per square meter
Problem 23 Now consider that all modules have a “series fuse rating” which is an indication of the ampacity of the device, as in how much current the device can handle.
Problem 23 This implies that in order for the module 2Isc@1, 000watts / m = 6.25 to produce current greater than the20amps / 6.25amps = 3.2 ampacity of the module itself, it would3.2 ×1, 000W / m 2 = 3, 200W / m 2 been to be exposed to an irradiance level of 3,200 watts per square meter which you would never see with terrestrial irradiation.
Problem 26 26. C. The module maximum power voltage decreases at the rate of -0.5%/°C (rule of thumb) for module temperatures above 25°C. Hence, at 60°C, the module voltage will have decreased by 0.5×(60−25) = 17.5%, resulting in Vmp = 14.1 V.
Problem 28 28. C. “See instructions from equipment and battery manufacturers.” “When vented lead-acid batteries are used, they should not be located beneath any electronic components. The corrosive vapors from the batteries can degrade the circuitry in the electronic equipment causing premature failures.” The answer implies all of the other battery types listed produced outgassing that can damage electronic equipment.
Problem 29 29. B. See any instructions from manufacturers of storage batteries or equipment that uses storage batteries. From section 3.1.9: “If batteries are used outdoors in cold climates, the electrolyte freezing temperature increases as the batteries discharge. If the electrolyte freezes, DO NOT CHARGE THE BATTERY. Let it thaw slowly in a place where, if it should rupture, the electrolyte will be contained. Do not attempt to accelerate the thawing process with anything that might be capable of igniting any gases that may be liberated.”