English history

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English history

  1. 1. Put in order... <ul><li>Industrial Revolution </li></ul><ul><li>Anglo-Saxon invasion </li></ul><ul><li>Magna Carta (the Great Charter) </li></ul><ul><li>Romans leave the country </li></ul><ul><li>The peasant uprising (John Wycliffe and the Lollards) </li></ul><ul><li>arrival of the Celtic people </li></ul><ul><li>Roman invasion </li></ul><ul><li>The Rebublic of England (Oliver Cromwell) </li></ul><ul><li>The First World War </li></ul><ul><li>Norman invasion </li></ul><ul><li>The first parliament is called (by Simon de Montfort) </li></ul>
  2. 2. Roman Invasion <ul><li>Conquered in 43AD </li></ul><ul><li>The North of the island was not conquered. </li></ul><ul><li>In 122 A.D., Emperor Hadrian built a wall separating North and South. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Hadrian’s Wall 117km long 5m high
  4. 4. A Legend <ul><li>King Arthur </li></ul><ul><li>The sword in the stone </li></ul><ul><li>The knights of the round table </li></ul><ul><li>The search for the Holy Grail (cup) </li></ul><ul><li>Fought the Saxons </li></ul>
  5. 5. Another Legend
  6. 6. The Story of Robin Hood <ul><li>King Richard was away from England for many years, fighting wars. </li></ul><ul><li>Prince John and the Sheriff of Nottingham were cruel to the people. </li></ul><ul><li>Robin Hood lived in Sherwood Forrest, with his Merry Men. </li></ul><ul><li>He robbed from the rich, and gave to the poor. </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Crusades <ul><li>several wars during the 12th and 13th centuries, </li></ul><ul><li>against Muslims in the “Holy Land” (such as Jerusalem). </li></ul><ul><li>England fought in only some of the crusades. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Social Structure <ul><li>Celtic tribes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>20-30 tribes, each with a king </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>people worked on their family’s farm </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>trained Druids were important in religious life </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>women could be soldiers and leaders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Queen Boadicea fought the Romans </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Social Structure <ul><li>Roman invasion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Roman army and politicians were in control </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>people in cities adopted Roman culture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>but country areas were less affected </li></ul></ul><ul><li>After the Romans left </li></ul><ul><ul><li>many people left the cities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>culture had been influenced, but not completely changed </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Social Structure <ul><li>Anglo-Saxon invasion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>a complex class system </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>lower classes had to do some work on the noble’s farm </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>seven kingdoms, always fighting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>finally they united under King Alfred to defend against the Danes </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Social Structure <ul><li>Norman invasion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>the development of a feudal system: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Feudalism : nobles received land from their lord, and had to fight in his army </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Manorialism : “villeins” (serfs) received land from a noble, and had to do work for him </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>feudalism declined in the 14th century </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>peasants had more freedom </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>they paid rent to the noble who owned the land </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Social Structure <ul><li>Industrial Revolution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>cloth-making became very profitable </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>nobles created large farms for sheep (“enclosure”) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>many peasants lost their land </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>these people moved into the cities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>they became the working class </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. The Right to Vote <ul><li>The first parliament of 1265: only men who owned a lot of land could vote </li></ul><ul><li>First Reform Act 1832: about 7% </li></ul><ul><li>Second Reform Act 1866: about 15% </li></ul><ul><li>Third Reform Act 1884: most men </li></ul><ul><li>1918: women over 30 </li></ul><ul><li>1928: women over 21 </li></ul>

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