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English history

English history






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    English history English history Presentation Transcript

    • Put in order...
      • Industrial Revolution
      • Anglo-Saxon invasion
      • Magna Carta (the Great Charter)
      • Romans leave the country
      • The peasant uprising (John Wycliffe and the Lollards)
      • arrival of the Celtic people
      • Roman invasion
      • The Rebublic of England (Oliver Cromwell)
      • The First World War
      • Norman invasion
      • The first parliament is called (by Simon de Montfort)
    • Roman Invasion
      • Conquered in 43AD
      • The North of the island was not conquered.
      • In 122 A.D., Emperor Hadrian built a wall separating North and South.
    • Hadrian’s Wall 117km long 5m high
    • A Legend
      • King Arthur
      • The sword in the stone
      • The knights of the round table
      • The search for the Holy Grail (cup)
      • Fought the Saxons
    • Another Legend
    • The Story of Robin Hood
      • King Richard was away from England for many years, fighting wars.
      • Prince John and the Sheriff of Nottingham were cruel to the people.
      • Robin Hood lived in Sherwood Forrest, with his Merry Men.
      • He robbed from the rich, and gave to the poor.
    • The Crusades
      • several wars during the 12th and 13th centuries,
      • against Muslims in the “Holy Land” (such as Jerusalem).
      • England fought in only some of the crusades.
    • Social Structure
      • Celtic tribes
        • 20-30 tribes, each with a king
        • people worked on their family’s farm
        • trained Druids were important in religious life
        • women could be soldiers and leaders
          • Queen Boadicea fought the Romans
    • Social Structure
      • Roman invasion
        • Roman army and politicians were in control
        • people in cities adopted Roman culture
        • but country areas were less affected
      • After the Romans left
        • many people left the cities
        • culture had been influenced, but not completely changed
    • Social Structure
      • Anglo-Saxon invasion
        • a complex class system
        • lower classes had to do some work on the noble’s farm
        • seven kingdoms, always fighting
        • finally they united under King Alfred to defend against the Danes
    • Social Structure
      • Norman invasion
        • the development of a feudal system:
          • Feudalism : nobles received land from their lord, and had to fight in his army
          • Manorialism : “villeins” (serfs) received land from a noble, and had to do work for him
        • feudalism declined in the 14th century
          • peasants had more freedom
          • they paid rent to the noble who owned the land
    • Social Structure
      • Industrial Revolution
        • cloth-making became very profitable
        • nobles created large farms for sheep (“enclosure”)
        • many peasants lost their land
        • these people moved into the cities
        • they became the working class
    • The Right to Vote
      • The first parliament of 1265: only men who owned a lot of land could vote
      • First Reform Act 1832: about 7%
      • Second Reform Act 1866: about 15%
      • Third Reform Act 1884: most men
      • 1918: women over 30
      • 1928: women over 21