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Drama class one

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  • 1. Drama
  • 2. What Is Drama?Drama is a composition in prose form thatpresents a story entirely told in dialogue.It´s a story enacted onstage for a live audience.
  • 3. ORIGINS OF DRAMAThe word drama comes from theGreek verb dran, which means “to do” or “to act” • The earliest known plays... – were written around the fifth century B.C. – produced for festivals to honor Dionysus, the god of wine and fertility
  • 4. Dramatic StructureLike the plot of a story, the plot of a play involvescharacters who face a problem or conflict. Climax point of highest tension; Plot: action determines how the conflict Sequence of events that will be resolved develop the drama (complications) ResolutionExposition conflict is resolved;characters and conflict are play endsintroduced
  • 5. Dramatic Structure • Conflict is a struggle or clash between opposing characters or forces. A conflict may develop . . . • between characters who want different things or the same thing • between a character and his or her circumstances • within a character who is torn by competing desires
  • 6. FORMS OF DRAMA
  • 7. TRAGEDYA tragedy is a play that ends unhappily.Most classic Greek tragedies deal with serious, universal themessuch as• right and wrong• justice and injustice• life and death
  • 8. The protagonist of mostclassical tragedies is a tragichero.This hero is noble and in manyways admirable has a tragicflaw, a personal failing thatleads to a tragic end.
  • 9. MELODRAMAIt shows events that follow each other rapidly, butseems to be governed always by chance.The characters are victims in the hands of mercilessfate.
  • 10. COMEDYIt is a type of drama intended to interest andamuse the audience rather than make themdeeply concerned about events that happen. Theplot usually centers on a romantic conflict.It is a play that ends happily.Comic complications always occur beforethe conflict is resolved. In most cases, the play ends with a wedding.
  • 11. FARCEFarce is a sub-category ofcomedy, characterized by greatlyexaggerated characters andsituations.Farces typically involve mistakenidentities, lots of physicalcomedy and outrageous plottwists.
  • 12. MusiCALIn musical theater, the story is told not only throughdialogue and acting but through music and dance.Musicals are often comedies, although many do involveserious subject matter.
  • 13. TRAGiCOMEDYIt is a play that does not adhere strictly to thestructure of tragedy. There is a mix of comedy andTragedy side by side in these types of plays. It focuses on character relationships and shows societyin a state of continuous flux.
  • 14. HOMEWORK• Find two or three examples of each genre of drama. Justify your answers.
  • 15. Elements of Drama
  • 16. There are three types of Drama Elements.• Literary• Technical• Performance
  • 17. Literary Elements (What is needed to write a script or story?)• Script• Plot• Character• Story Organization• Setting• Dialogue• Monologue /soliloquy/aside• Conflict
  • 18. Technical Elements (What is needed to produce a play?)• Scenery• Costumes• Props• Sound and Music• Make-up
  • 19. Performance Elements (What do the actors do on stage to make a character come alive?)• Acting• Speaking• Non-verbal Expression
  • 20. But…what do all these words mean?
  • 21. All the elements of drama combine to make a good production. They are all important. Somedemonstrate more of one element than others.
  • 22. Literary Elements• Script?• A script is the written words and directions of a play.
  • 23. Literary Elements• Plot?• The plot is the storyline or arrangement of action.
  • 24. Literary Elements• Character?• A character is a person portrayed in a drama.
  • 25. Literary Elements• Story Organization?• The story organization is how a story is told – the beginning, middle and end.
  • 26. Literary Elements• Setting?• The setting is where the action takes place.
  • 27. Literary Elements• Dialogue?• A dialogue is a spoken conversation between two characters.
  • 28. Literary Elements• Monologue?• A monologue is a long speech made by one person.• Soliloquy? A character alone on stage reveals private thoughts.• Aside? A character briefly expresses private thoughts to the audience that other characters on stage cannot hear.
  • 29. Literary Elements• Conflict?• The internal or external struggle between opposing forces, ideas, or interests that create dramatic tension.
  • 30. Technical Elements• Scenery?• The scenery is theatrical equipment such as curtains, backdrops, and platforms to communicate the environment. An example might be trees to show a forest environment.
  • 31. Technical Elements• Props?• Props are any article other than costumes or scenery used as part of a dramatic production. An example might be a table on the stage.
  • 32. Technical Elements• Sound and Music?• Sound is the effect an audience hears during a show, like the sound of rain. And music – well, you know what music is!
  • 33. Technical Elements• Make-up?• Make-up is the use of costumes, wigs and body paint to transform an actor into a character.
  • 34. Performance Elements• Acting?Acting is how speaking and moving help to create characters.
  • 35. Performance Elements• Non-verbal ExpressionNon-expression includes gestures, facial expressions, and movement.
  • 36. Performance Elements• SpeakingSpeaking is vocal expression, projection, speaking style and diction.
  • 37. ConclusionA comedy ends happily after an amusingseries of problem.Tragedy stresses human greatness, butcomedy emphasizes human faults and theweaknesses of society