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Making use of online resourse for research


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  1. Making use of Online Resources for Research
  2. Types of Research Resources
  3. Online Research freedom or chaos
  4. Caution - It must be used carefully and critically ‘as anything goes on internet’ without screening or peer review - No agreed upon standard ways of identifying subjects or for cross references
  5. The Diversity of Information Information is a Commodity Available in Many Flavors: Information Exists on a Continuum of Reliability and Quality Are you looking for: Facts, opinions, stories, interpretations, statistics?
  6. Purposes • • • • Inform Persuade Sell to present a viewpoint to create or change an attitude or belief
  7. Dos and Don’ts • Don't rely exclusively on Net resources • Narrow your research topic before logging on • Know your subject directories and search engines • Keep a detailed record of sites you visit and the sites you use • Double-check all URLs that you put in your paper
  8. Guidelines for evaluating specific resources
  9. Look for: • Authority • Affiliation • Audience Level • Currency • Content • Validity
  10. Authority – Who is the author? – Is the author's name given? – Are her/his qualifications specified? – Is there a link to information about her/his and her/his position? – Is there a way to contact her/his (an address or a "Mailto" link)? – Have you heard of her/him elsewhere (in class, or cited in your course text or in Library material)? – Has the author written elsewhere on this topic?
  11. Affiliation - Who is the sponsor of the Web site? - Is the author affiliated with a reputable institution or organization? - Does the information reflect the views of the organization, or only of the author? If the sponsoring institution or organization is not clearly identified on the site, check the URL.
  12. Affiliation - It may contain the name of a university or the extension .edu, which is used by many educational institutions. - Government sites are identified by the extension .gov. - URLs containing .org are trickier, and require research: these are sites sponsored by non-profit organizations, some of which are reliable sources and some of which are very biased. - Sites with the .com extension should also be used with caution, because they have commercial or corporate sponsors who probably want to sell you something. - The extension ~NAME often means a personal Web page with no institutional backing; use such sites only if you have checked on the author's credibility in print sources.
  13. Audience Level -What audience is the Web site designed for? -- You want information at the college or research level. ---Don't use sites intended for elementary students or sites that are too technical for your needs.
  14. Currency - Is the Web site current? - Is the site dated? -Is the date of the most recent update given? - Generally speaking, Internet resources should be up-to-date; after all, getting the most current information is the main reason for using the Net for research in the first place. - Are all the links up-to-date and working? Broken links may mean the site is out-of-date; they're certainly a sign that it's not well-maintained.
  15. Content Reliability/Accuracy - Is the material on the Web site reliable and accurate? - Is the information factual, not opinion? - Can you verify the information in print sources? - Is the source of the information clearly stated, whether original research material or secondary material borrowed from elsewhere?
  16. Content Reliability/Accuracy - How valid is the research that is the source? - Does the material as presented have substance and depth? - Where arguments are given, are they based on strong evidence and good logic? - Is the author's point of view impartial and objective? - Is the author's language free of emotion and bias? - Is the site free of errors in spelling or grammar and other signs of carelessness in its presentation of the material? - Are additional electronic and print sources provided to complement or support the material on the Web site?
  17. Getting Started Screening Information Pre-evaluation
  18. Pre-evaluation Do you want - Facts Opinions Reasoned arguments Statistics Narratives Eyewitness reports Descriptions
  19. Solution: Select Sources Likely to be Reliable • • • • • • • INFOMINE Academic Info Google Bing Alta Vista Yahoo Search Engine Colossus International Directory of Search Engines
  20. E-DATABASE OF LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE • • • • Texts, Articles, Books • 4975551655091%3Agptyq7r9kw0&cof=FORID%3A1 1&pCHK=done&q=feminist+theory+filetype%3Apdf #1152
  21. hive.php .php/Main_Page _On_A_Grecian_Urn_by_John_Keats_analysis.p hp or00chaprich/heartofmusicstor00chaprich_djvu .txt
  22. Literature • p • • _Grecian_Urn_by_John_Keats_analysis.php • prich/heartofmusicstor00chaprich_djvu.txt • • • •
  23. Literary theory • itical_define/crit_newhist.html • • • • htm
  24. eview.jpg
  26. Language • k/academicwriter/menus/framesEssays.htm • tm • • um&op=viewThread&id=127&title=Gerunds-andGerund-Phrases • e/readingcomprehension/readingcompindex.htm
  27. m m s/0080448542 id=LTA ents.html
  28. 2.htm 6
  29. als.htm ml
  30. nejo.htm 92/01/ y/contents.html
  31. ml ?_nfpb=true&ERICExtSearch_SearchValue_0=% 27language+lab+types%27&ERICExtSearch_Sear chType_0=kw&_pageLabel=ERICSearchResult&n ewSearch=true&rnd=1238436105986&searchty
  32. tml m als.htm
  33.,Tenses,V owels.htm html
  34. Journals • ssue/view/28 • • ndex.cfm • okieSet=1 •
  35. ml abases.html
  36. Publications?display=bySubject&pubType=j ournal&category=40011321&expand=4001 1321 om/?V=1.0&L=RE5QY4SB7X&N=100&S=T_ AZ&C=B
  37. contributorsessays/grecianurnstillinger.htm l nities_online.htm nding_digital.html
  38. • • 3/issue2/pdf_extracts/293.jpeg • nal_of_womens_history/v011/11.3shaffer.pdf • hopkins/ • • • • hakespeare.htm
  39. /187 urce= futures/futures.xml&style= /collections/journals/futures/xsl/dynaxml.xsl&clearstylesheetcache=yes&doc.view=toc&
  40. Theses and Dissertations • 2/39366/browse?type=subject&order=ASC&r pp=20&starts_with=lang • • 76ce5-1ff9-41eb-baa3-14b15185d663 •
  41. +;browse_by=Program 20&etal=-1&type=title&sort_by=1&order=ASC&offset=3407 tion&b1=Keyword&NttWTI=&b2=Keyword&NttWAU=%22Diss ertations%2C+Academic+-+UF%22&b3=Subject&Ntk=Keyword&N=20&Nty=1&S=NR7GX B5GNSF869PGNEFD4Y16UBFUMQAA5FT3BCKPMDRGCIL1YN &advLib=&advFormat=&advLang=&publishedFrom=&publish edTo=
  42. ary+criticism&b1=Keyword&NttWTI=&b2=Keyword& NttWAU=%22Dissertations%2C+Academic+-+UF%22&b3=Subject&Ntk=Keyword&N=20&Nty=1&a dvLib=&advFormat=206524&advLang=&publishedFro m=&publishedTo= Date&category=3000&page=2 ex.html
  43. browsetitle&displayLimit=10&displayStart=20 9k4016d3&doc.view=content& c.depth=1& tID=6&submit=Filter&cID=&lID=&rSoftWareName=&f ormat=summary&step=20&sort=r.rName&ctrl=new& p=1
  44. browse-subject imple-search?query=CRITICISM&start=40 -search?query=english+grammar 6789/4474/browse?type=subject&submit_browse=Su bject
  45. Indian Thought System • • • h/Sanskrit.aspx • • • 202245
  46. nd.htm new.php3
  47. ewarp/ramanuja.html php3?no=24
  48. Philosophy •
  49. Dictionaries • Gujarati-English • downloads • Sanskrit-English •
  50. Acknowledgement • Dr. Sunil Sagar for his compilation of online resources
  51. Compiled and Prepared by Dr. Nila Shah Shri Jasani Arts and Commerce College, Rajkot contact: email: