Maurice Pate : 1947 - 1965 Henry R. Labouisse : 1965 – 1980 James P. Grant : 1980 - 1995 Carol Bellamy: 1995 - 2005 Ann M. Veneman : 2005 - present
1946 Food to Europe : After World War II, In the winter of 1946–1947, millions of people in Europe were still without proper shelter, fuel, clothing or food. Children especially were suffering: In some affected areas, half of all babies were dying before their first birthday. UNICEF is created in December 1946 by the United Nations to provide food, clothing and health care to them.
1953 UNICEF becomes permanent part of the UN: In 1950, its mandate was broadened to address the long-term needs of children and women in developing countries everywhere. UNICEF became a permanent part of the United Nations system in 1953, when its name was shortened to the United Nations Children's Fund. However, UNICEF retained its original acronym.
1959 Declaration of the Rights of the Child: The UN General Assembly adopts the Declaration of the Rights of the Child with 10 principles, which defines children’s rights to protection, education, health care, shelter and good nutrition.
- 1961 Education: Following more than a decade of focus on child health issues, UNICEF expands its interests to address the needs of the whole child. Thus begins an abiding concern with education, starting with support to teacher training and classroom equipment in newly independent countries
- 1965 Nobel Peace Prize: Nineteen years after its founding, UNICEF was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize on 26 October 1965 for &quot;fulfilling the condition of Nobel's will, the promotion of brotherhood among the nations“ and emerging on the world stage as a “a peace-factor of great importance.” This event was made possible by in the growth of a global partnership involving governments , private and non-governmental organizations and the world's peoples, to take advantage of increasing opportunities for improving the lives of children everywhere
1989 Convention on the Rights of the Child: The Convention is adopted by the UN General Assembly. It enters into force in September 1990. It becomes the most widely- and rapidly-accepted human rights treaty in history. UNICEF’s mission is to advocate for the protection of children’s rights, to help meet their basic needs and to expand their opportunities to reach their full potential. UNICEF is guided in doing this by the provisions and principles of the Convention on the Rights of the Child.
- 2002 Special Session on Children: A landmark Special Session of the UN General Assembly was convened to review progress since the World Summit for Children in 1990 and re-energize global commitment to children's rights. It was the first such Session devoted exclusively to children and the first to include them as official delegates. It was convened to review progress since the World Summit for Children in 1990 and re-energize global commitment to children's rights.
sewage-disposal systems, clean drinking water and sanitary living conditions to children -By training educators to develop effective school programs, primary school education -provides a relief network for children and their parents or other caregivers in the aftermath of disasters, such as floods, earthquakes, and droughts, prevent child abuse, child labor, sexual exploitation of children, and the use of children as soldiers Provide immunizations to millions of children against potentially fatal diseases -Children rights : rights of survival – enough nutritional food rights of education – at least primary school –at least grade 9 in Cambodia rights of participation – people pay much attention to children ideas rights of development – receive the development of their community
The 36-member Executive Board is made up of government representatives, elected by the United Nations ECOSOC, usually for three-year terms.
Sponsorship : UNICEF has an agreement with the Spainish association football club (Bacelona), the club would donate 1.5 mil Euro per year to the organization for 5 years since 2006. Trick-or-Treat : In 1950, a group children get their 17$ which they received from Halloween to donate to UNICEF Trick-or-Treat box to help the victims of World War 2. => Tradition in North America. Ex. In Canada -> ~$91 mil. , US->$132 mil. Art in All of Us : Charity box Corporate Partnership : UNICEF works with all sizes and all types of business, UNICEF invest with other companies around the world Ex. Oral pure drinking water in Cambodia
United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF) Subject Code : IS 201 Lecturer : HUOT Synead Group No. : 2 Members : SOK Phearin UN Chhang VANG Dararasmey Royal University of Phnom Penh Institute of Foreign Language Department of International Studies
History of UNICEF <ul><li>UNICEF = United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund </li></ul><ul><li>Established on 11 December 1946, by United Nations General Assembly </li></ul><ul><li>5 generations of UNICEF Executive Directors up to the present day </li></ul>
Milestones <ul><li>1946: Focus on Food to Europe </li></ul>
1953: UNICEF becomes permanent part Milestones (Cont.)
1959 Declaration of the Rights of the Child Milestones (Cont.)
1989 Convention on the Rights of the Child Milestones (Cont.)
2002 Special Session on Children Milestones (Cont.)
Threefold Mission of UNICEF <ul><li>To ensure that basic nutrition, health, and education needs of children are met </li></ul><ul><li>To give children the opportunity to expand their potential </li></ul><ul><li>To create an international ethical standard of behavior toward children </li></ul>
Structures of UNICEF <ul><li>Over 190 countries and territories </li></ul><ul><li>More than 200 country offices </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Headquarters in New York </li></ul></ul><ul><li>36-member Executive Board, by United Nations ECOSOC, for three-year terms </li></ul><ul><li>Executive director has a five-year mandate </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Recently is Ann M. Veneman </li></ul></ul>
Fundraising of UNICEF <ul><li>Sponsorship </li></ul><ul><li>Trick-or-Treat UNICEF box </li></ul><ul><li>Art in All of Us </li></ul><ul><li>Corporate Partnership </li></ul>
Conclusion <ul><li>UNICEF was established for humanitarian and developmental assistance to children and mothers </li></ul><ul><li>Recommendation: </li></ul><ul><li>Enhance partnership with research and policy in the regional level </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthen the staff implementation </li></ul><ul><li>Look around all criticism </li></ul><ul><li>Create more fundraising activities </li></ul>