New Mexico:
SORNA and Current Laws
Lori McPherson
Senior Policy Advisor
SMART Office
202-353-3591
lori.mcpherson@usdoj.gov...
The SMART Office
Office of Sex Offender
Sentencing, Monitoring,
Apprehending, Registering, and
Tracking
U.S. Department of...
SORNA
• Sex Offender Registration and Notification Act
• Title I of the Adam Walsh Child Protection and
Safety Act
• Passe...
National Sex Offender ‘Registries’
• National Sex Offender Public Website
(NSOPW)
– Operated and maintained by the SMART
O...
SORNA Categories
1. Immediate Transfer of Information
2. Included Offenses
3. Duration/Frequency of Registration
4. Requir...
1. Immediate Transfer of Information
• SORNA:
– Within 3 Days to any other jurisdiction
where the offender is required to ...
2. Included Offenses
• SORNA:
– State, Territory, Tribal, Federal, Military &
Foreign Sex Offenses
• New Mexico:
– Only mi...
3. Duration/Frequency of
Registration
• SORNA:
– 3 Tiers
• New Mexico:
– 2 Tiers
– See Tiering evaluation
Inclusion of Offenses &Tiering
• If New Mexico implemented SORNA
– 6 Offenses would be added
• 5 involving child sexual ex...
4. Required Registration
Information
• SORNA:
– 22 items required
• New Mexico:
– Registers 18 of them
5. Initial Registration
• SORNA:
– Within 3 Days
• New Mexico:
– Within 10 Days
6. Retroactive Application
• SORNA:
– Retroactive
• New Mexico:
– Retroactive (State v. Druktenis, 135 N.M.
223 (Ct. App. ...
7. In-Person Appearances
• SORNA:
– Regular check-ins
– Certain information for immediate updating
• New Mexico:
– Regular...
8. Public Registry Website
• SORNA:
– All sex offenders except:
• Juveniles adjudicated delinquent
• Misdemeanor offenses ...
9. Community Notification
• Law Enforcement
– NSOR
– Probation/Parole
• General Public
– Day care agencies
– Schools
– Any...
9. Community Notification
• SORNA:
– On all sex offenders displayed on public
website (generally)
– No distance limit for ...
New Mexico’s Main Issues
1. Tiering
• Could balance out numerically once done
2. Timing of registration
• Tighten up from ...
Contact Us Any Time!
SMART Office
U.S. Department of Justice/OJP
202-514-4689
getsmart@usdoj.gov
www.ojp.gov/smart
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New Mexico - SORNA and Current Laws

  1. 1. New Mexico: SORNA and Current Laws Lori McPherson Senior Policy Advisor SMART Office 202-353-3591 lori.mcpherson@usdoj.gov Santa Fe, New Mexico January 14, 2010
  2. 2. The SMART Office Office of Sex Offender Sentencing, Monitoring, Apprehending, Registering, and Tracking U.S. Department of Justice Office of Justice Programs
  3. 3. SORNA • Sex Offender Registration and Notification Act • Title I of the Adam Walsh Child Protection and Safety Act • Passed July 27, 2006 • 42 U.S.C. § 16901 et. seq. • 18 USC § 2250 • Designed to create a national set of standards to eliminate loopholes and gaps in existing registry systems
  4. 4. National Sex Offender ‘Registries’ • National Sex Offender Public Website (NSOPW) – Operated and maintained by the SMART Office – www.nsopw.gov – Search Engine • National Sex Offender Registry (NSOR) – Operated and maintained by the FBI – Subfolder of NCIC (ORI Number) – Law Enforcement Only – Actual Database
  5. 5. SORNA Categories 1. Immediate Transfer of Information 2. Included Offenses 3. Duration/Frequency of Registration 4. Required Registration Information 5. Initial Registration 6. Retroactive Application 7. In-Person Appearances 8. Public Registry Website 9. Community Notification
  6. 6. 1. Immediate Transfer of Information • SORNA: – Within 3 Days to any other jurisdiction where the offender is required to register • New Mexico: – Compliance with NCIC/NSOR Audit Standards will meet this requirement
  7. 7. 2. Included Offenses • SORNA: – State, Territory, Tribal, Federal, Military & Foreign Sex Offenses • New Mexico: – Only misses foreign offenses
  8. 8. 3. Duration/Frequency of Registration • SORNA: – 3 Tiers • New Mexico: – 2 Tiers – See Tiering evaluation
  9. 9. Inclusion of Offenses &Tiering • If New Mexico implemented SORNA – 6 Offenses would be added • 5 involving child sexual exploitation • Video Voyeurism – 2 Offenses would rise from 10 years to 15 – 1 Offense would rise from 10 years to 25 – 4 Offenses would drop from life to 25 years – 4 Offenses would drop from life to 15 years
  10. 10. 4. Required Registration Information • SORNA: – 22 items required • New Mexico: – Registers 18 of them
  11. 11. 5. Initial Registration • SORNA: – Within 3 Days • New Mexico: – Within 10 Days
  12. 12. 6. Retroactive Application • SORNA: – Retroactive • New Mexico: – Retroactive (State v. Druktenis, 135 N.M. 223 (Ct. App. 2004))
  13. 13. 7. In-Person Appearances • SORNA: – Regular check-ins – Certain information for immediate updating • New Mexico: – Regular check-ins – Immediate updating may be done in writing
  14. 14. 8. Public Registry Website • SORNA: – All sex offenders except: • Juveniles adjudicated delinquent • Misdemeanor offenses with adult victims • New Mexico: – Only 5 sex offenses require posting
  15. 15. 9. Community Notification • Law Enforcement – NSOR – Probation/Parole • General Public – Day care agencies – Schools – Any interested party
  16. 16. 9. Community Notification • SORNA: – On all sex offenders displayed on public website (generally) – No distance limit for updates • New Mexico: – Only for those convicted of 5 sex offenses – email notification enabled
  17. 17. New Mexico’s Main Issues 1. Tiering • Could balance out numerically once done 2. Timing of registration • Tighten up from 10 to 3 days, or more if necessary for practical reasons 3. Posting of registrants on website • To enable community notification functions
  18. 18. Contact Us Any Time! SMART Office U.S. Department of Justice/OJP 202-514-4689 getsmart@usdoj.gov www.ojp.gov/smart
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