Sentence fragments by sohail ahmed


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Sentence fragments by sohail ahmed

  1. 1. SENTENCE FRAGMENTS Sohail Ahmed
  2. 2. WHAT IS A SENTENCE FRAGMENT? A fragment is a group of words that looks like a sentence complete thought; therefore, it is an incomplete sentence but is missing a subject, a verb, or a complete idea. Sohail Ahmed sentence fragment is a phrase or clause that is punctuated as a sentence but is not a grammatical sentence because it does not express a complete thought. A 2
  3. 3. FOLLOWING ARE SOME EXAMPLES SENTENCE FRAGMENTS. OF  1. Sohail Ahmed In the car.  2. With a brand-new hat.  3. Running in the woods.  4. Singing a song.  5. At the party. 3
  4. 4. SOLUTIONS TO SENTENCE FRAGMENTS Notice that none of the five examples above contains a specific action (or predicate)  A person (or subject) to perform the action.  To transform all five sentence fragments into full-fledged sentences, then, all we need to do is to add a subject and a predicate.  Lets’ use the subject “I,” and the predicate “saw him.”  Sohail Ahmed 4
  5. 5. USE THE SUBJECT “I,” AND THE PREDICATE “SAW HIM.”  1. Sohail Ahmed I saw him in the car.  2. I saw him with a brand-new hat.  3. I saw him running in the woods.  4. I saw him singing a song.  5. I saw him at the party. 5
  6. 6. OTHER SOLUTIONS  In the car I saw him.  2. With a brand new hat I saw him.  3. Running in the woods I saw him.  4. Singing a song I saw him.  5. At the party I saw him. Sohail Ahmed Likewise, sentence fragments can be transformed into a full-fledged sentence by placing a subject and predicate on the other side of the fragment, as in the following examples:  1. 6
  7. 7. LETS INSPECT ELEMENTS OF SENTENCE   Verb: Sohail Ahmed  A sentence consists of 3 components Subject: the person, place, or thing performing or doing the action the action Complete idea: the reader isn't left waiting for another word 7
  8. 8. TAKE A LOOK AT THIS SENTENCE Verb: read Complete Idea: Sohail Ahmed Subject: I read a book. I a book The book is a direct object. Not all sentences require a direct object. Thus we can call it a complete Sentence 8
  9. 9. TAKE A LOOK AT OTHER SENTENCE Birds Fly. birds Verb: fly Sohail Ahmed Subject: Is it a complete idea? Yes. There is no direct object here; however, it is still a complete idea and a good sentence. 9
  10. 10. AN OTHER EXAMPLE I take. I Verb: Take Sohail Ahmed Subject: Is it a complete idea? NO. This sentence requires a direct object. This sentence is called a Sentence Fragment. 10
  11. 11. TRANSITIVE OR INTRANSITIVE VERB   If the verb does not need a direct object, it is called an intransitive verb. Sohail Ahmed  If the sentence requires a direct object, it is called a transitive verb. It is actually the verb which determines whether the sentence requires a direct object or not. 11
  12. 12. SO! WHAT'S A SENTENCE FRAGMENT? A Sohail Ahmed sentence fragment is a sentence that lacks a subject or lacks a verb or is not a complete idea (one reason could be because it does not have a direct object if the verb needs one). 12
  13. 13. HOW TO FIX SENTENCE FRAGMENTS? There are three Methods to fix sentence fragments Sohail Ahmed Method #1 Attach the sentence fragment to another sentence. That other sentence could be before or after the sentence fragment. After getting money. {Sentence Fragment} I bought a new dress after getting money. {A Complete Sentence} 13
  14. 14. HOW TO FIX SENTENCE FRAGMENTS? “The person I hate most in life” {Sentence Fragment} Sohail Ahmed Method #2 Add a subject, verb, or both to make the sentence complete. “Sonia is the person I hate most in life.” {Complete Sentence} “I saw the person I hate most in life.” {Complete Sentence} 14
  15. 15. HOW TO FIX SENTENCE FRAGMENTS? While Sahil was in Paris. {Sentence fragment} Sahil was in Paris. Sohail Ahmed Method #3 Take away/Erase the word or phrase that makes it a sentence fragment. {Complete Sentence} Because people do not believe in birth control. {Sentence fragment} People do not believe in birth control. {Complete Sentence} 15
  16. 16. RULES TO REMEMBER Sentence fragments can make your writing very confusing.  Avoid sentence fragments in professional writing, formal writing, essays, business letters, and compositions.      Sentence fragments are written and acceptable in the following types of writing: Poetry Quotes Quoted speech Plays Sohail Ahmed  16
  17. 17. SUGGESTION  Sohail Ahmed Don’t Ask Questions Avoid Sentence Fragments 17
  18. 18. Sohail Ahmed 18