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Geo strategic importance of pakistan by Shafiq -UR-Rehman
Geo strategic importance of pakistan by Shafiq -UR-Rehman
Geo strategic importance of pakistan by Shafiq -UR-Rehman
Geo strategic importance of pakistan by Shafiq -UR-Rehman
Geo strategic importance of pakistan by Shafiq -UR-Rehman
Geo strategic importance of pakistan by Shafiq -UR-Rehman
Geo strategic importance of pakistan by Shafiq -UR-Rehman
Geo strategic importance of pakistan by Shafiq -UR-Rehman
Geo strategic importance of pakistan by Shafiq -UR-Rehman
Geo strategic importance of pakistan by Shafiq -UR-Rehman
Geo strategic importance of pakistan by Shafiq -UR-Rehman
Geo strategic importance of pakistan by Shafiq -UR-Rehman
Geo strategic importance of pakistan by Shafiq -UR-Rehman
Geo strategic importance of pakistan by Shafiq -UR-Rehman
Geo strategic importance of pakistan by Shafiq -UR-Rehman
Geo strategic importance of pakistan by Shafiq -UR-Rehman
Geo strategic importance of pakistan by Shafiq -UR-Rehman
Geo strategic importance of pakistan by Shafiq -UR-Rehman
Geo strategic importance of pakistan by Shafiq -UR-Rehman
Geo strategic importance of pakistan by Shafiq -UR-Rehman
Geo strategic importance of pakistan by Shafiq -UR-Rehman
Geo strategic importance of pakistan by Shafiq -UR-Rehman
Geo strategic importance of pakistan by Shafiq -UR-Rehman
Geo strategic importance of pakistan by Shafiq -UR-Rehman
Geo strategic importance of pakistan by Shafiq -UR-Rehman
Geo strategic importance of pakistan by Shafiq -UR-Rehman
Geo strategic importance of pakistan by Shafiq -UR-Rehman
Geo strategic importance of pakistan by Shafiq -UR-Rehman
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Geo strategic importance of pakistan by Shafiq -UR-Rehman

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  • 1. 22 January 2014 GEO-STRATEGIC IMPORTANCE OF PAKISTAN 1
  • 2. Shafiq -Ur-Rehman Lecturer Of I.R
  • 3.  WHAT IS GEO-STRATEGY?  GEOGRAPHICAL DESCRIPTION OF PAKISTAN  GEO-STRATEGIC IMPORTANCE OF PAKISTAN 1. PROXIMITY OF GREAT POWERS 2. GATEWAY TO CENTRAL ASIA 3. SIGNIFICANCE AS A TRANSIT ECONOMY 4. IMPORTANT LINK IN THE CHAIN OF MUSLIM COUNTRIES 5. ONLY MUSLIM COUNTRY WITH NUCLEAR CAPABILITY 6. CHINA'S LINK TO THE MIDDLE EAST 7. REDUCE INDIAN HEGEMONY IN THE ARABIAN SEA AND INDIAN OCEAN  GEO-STRATEGIC IMPORTANCE OF PAKISTAN 22 January 2014 3
  • 4. GEO-STRATEGIC IMPORTANCE OF PAKISTAN 22 January 2014 4
  • 5.  Geo means the Earth and strategy means planning, tactics and policy  The term "geo-strategy" was first used by Frederick L. Schuman in his 1942 article "Let Us Learn Our Geopolitics."  It was a translation of the German term "Wehrgeopolitik" as used by German geostrategist Karl Haushofer.  Many geostrategists are also geographers, specializing in subfields of geography, such as human geography, political geography, economic geography, cultural geography, military geography, and strategic geography GEO-STRATEGIC IMPORTANCE OF PAKISTAN 22 January 2014 5
  • 6.  “Geopolitical reflects the combination of geographic and political factors determining the condition of a state or region, and emphasizing the impact of geography on politics”  “Strategic refers to the comprehensive and planned application of measures to achieve a central goal or to vital assets of military significance”  “Geo-strategic merges strategic consideration with geopolitical ones”  Like NATO is a geostrategic military alliance GEO-STRATEGIC IMPORTANCE OF PAKISTAN 22 January 2014 6
  • 7.  Pakistan is located in South East Asia  24.35 North and 37.05 North latitude  61 East to 78 East Longitude  Area – 7,96096 sq km stretching over 1600 km from North to South and about 885 Km from East to West  Khyber Pass connects Pakistan and Afghanistan  Khunjrab Pass links Pakistan and China  Pakistan and Iran borders meet at Koh-i-Tuftan GEO-STRATEGIC IMPORTANCE OF PAKISTAN 22 January 2014 7
  • 8. Direction Country Land Boundary /Sea Length Historical Name of boundary East India 1650 Km Radcliffe line West Iran 900 Km Gold Smith Line North China 600 Km Sino-Pak border North West Afghanistan 2250 Km Durand line (1893) North West Tajikistan (Wakhan Strip) 27 km South Arabian Sea 700 Km GEO-STRATEGIC IMPORTANCE OF PAKISTAN 22 January 2014 8
  • 9. GEO-STRATEGIC IMPORTANCE OF PAKISTAN 22 January 2014 9
  • 10. GEO-STRATEGIC IMPORTANCE OF PAKISTAN 22 January 2014 10
  • 11. 1. Proximity of Great powers 2. Gateway to Central Asia 3. Significance as a Transit economy 4. Important link in the chain of Muslim countries 5. Only Muslim country with nuclear capability 6. China's link to the Middle East 7. Reduce Indian hegemony in the Arabian Sea and Indian Ocean GEO-STRATEGIC IMPORTANCE OF PAKISTAN 22 January 2014 11
  • 12.  Russia and China are busy to give check to US Power in this region and in other regions like Middle East, Africa, North America, Europe and Far East ASIA  US interests in this Region 1. Security Policy of Pax –Americana in order to restraint world dynamics from Unipolarity to multi-polarity US interest in the region to contain the growing china, nuclear Iran, terrorist Afghanistan 2. Business To benefit from the market of India and Central Asia GEO-STRATEGIC IMPORTANCE OF PAKISTAN 22 January 2014 12
  • 13. GEO-STRATEGIC IMPORTANCE OF PAKISTAN 22 January 2014 13
  • 14.  Central Asia is the center stage of new Great games: Western quest for resources- oil and energy resources in the central Asia  Pakistan is located very close to the oil rich M.E region and C.A States  Pakistan can influence shipment of oil  Iran is struggling to export its surplus gas and oil to Eastern countries, Qatar, Pakistan and Turkmenistan pipeline projects highlight the position  In this scare energy world, Pakistan can provide access from energy efficient to energy deficient state GEO-STRATEGIC IMPORTANCE OF PAKISTAN 22 January 2014 14
  • 15. GEO-STRATEGIC IMPORTANCE OF PAKISTAN 22 January 2014 15
  • 16.  land locked Afghanistan now at the phase of reconstruction finds its ways through Pakistan  China with its fastest economy growth rate of 9% GDP developing southern provinces because its own part is 4500 km away from Sinkiang but Gawader is 2500 km away  Pakistan offers central Asian regions the shortest route of 2600 km as compared to Iran 4500 km or turkey 5000 km  Gwadar Port with its deep waters attracts the trade ships of china, CAR and south east Asian countries GEO-STRATEGIC IMPORTANCE OF PAKISTAN 22 January 2014 16
  • 17. Karakorum Highway Map GEO-STRATEGIC IMPORTANCE OF PAKISTAN 22 January 2014 17
  • 18.  Geographically, Pakistan is situated at the centre of the Islamic countries of Africa and Asia  It is linked to these Muslim states through land and sea routes and thus not only its ideological background, but its geographical centrality necessities that it supports the unity of Muslim world  Prior to the cessation of East Pakistan, it was the largest Islamic state and naturally was in the vanguard of the movement for Islamic unity  Even afterwards, it actively works for the mutual alliance and unity of the Muslims GEO-STRATEGIC IMPORTANCE OF PAKISTAN 22 January 2014 18
  • 19.  Pakistan is the only direct and shortest link between China and the Middle East  Gulf States possessing 63% of world’s oil reserves  In development of this link PN plays an important role by making Gwadar a fully functional port with support of china  Gwadar will prove instrumental in promoting transshipment essentially of containerized cargo besides unlocking the development potential for hinterland GEO-STRATEGIC IMPORTANCE OF PAKISTAN 22 January 2014 19
  • 20.  India has a shared interests with the U.S and NATO in the subjection of Pakistan  As they consider Nuclear weapons of Pakistan as a threat to Indian national security, NATO operations in Afghanistan, and Israel  Pakistan have nuclear deterrence since 1998. Pakistan termed its nuclear bomb as “ISLAMIC BOMB” that made it centre of attention in the world politics GEO-STRATEGIC IMPORTANCE OF PAKISTAN 22 January 2014 20
  • 21.  The U.S, NATO, Israel, and India to neutralize such a strategic and tactical threat from emerging in Pakistan  They have made plan underpinned objective of Balkanizing Pakistan  It’s the reason on that the US has conspired with international media against PAK NUKES  Most importantly Pakistan has world best missile technology and perceived enemies capitals are in Pakistan range like GEO-STRATEGIC IMPORTANCE OF PAKISTAN 22 January 2014 21
  • 22. Missiles Ranges 1. Distance of Israel from Pakistan Miles 2085 Shaheen-3 4500 km Kilometers 3335 Ghori-3 3500 km (In range of Ghouri-3) Babur-3 1500 km Tipu-1 5000 km Tipu-4 12000 km 2. Distance of USA from Islamabad Washington 11388 km White house 11600 km (In range of Tipu-4) GEO-STRATEGIC IMPORTANCE OF PAKISTAN 22 January 2014 22
  • 23.  Stephen Cohn describes geostrategic importance of Pakistan in these words, “While history has been unkind to Pakistan, its geography has been its greatest benefit. It has resource rich area in the north-west, people rich in the north-east”  Pakistan is a junction of South Asia, West Asia and Central Asia, a way from resource efficient countries to resource deficient countries. The world is facing energy crisis and terrorism. Pakistan is a route for transportation, and a front line state against terrorism GEO-STRATEGIC IMPORTANCE OF PAKISTAN 22 January 2014 23
  • 24. To the east of Pakistan _________ is located.  To the west of Pakistan __________is located.  ____________ separates Pakistan from Tajikistan.  Arabian sea is situated to the ________ of Pakistan.  Afghanistan is located to the __________.  Pak- Sino border line is _________km long.  Pak-India border is _________km long.  Pakistan shares a longest boundary of ______km with ______________.  The coast line of Pakistan is _________long. 
  • 25. 1. To the east of Pakistan __INDIA______ is located. 2. To the west of Pakistan __IRAN___is located. 3. _WAKHAN___ separates Pakistan from Tajikistan. 4. Arabian sea is situated to the _SOUTH____ of Pakistan. 5. Afghanistan is located to the ___N.WEST______. 6. Pak- Sino border line is __600___km long. 7. Pak-India border is __1650___km long. 8. Pakistan shares a longest boundary of _2250__km with __Afghanistan___. 9. The coast line of Pakistan is _700km____long. GEO-STRATEGIC IMPORTANCE OF PAKISTAN 22 January 2014 25
  • 26. 1. Why is Pakistan very important from geostrategic point of view in the world? 2. What role you will play to secure the geostrategic position of Pakistan? Explain in detail _______________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ _________________ GEO-STRATEGIC IMPORTANCE OF PAKISTAN 22 January 2014 26
  • 27. GEO-STRATEGIC IMPORTANCE OF PAKISTAN 22 January 2014 27
  • 28. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Pakistan's Foreign Policy by Shahid M Amin, oxford pub. Pakistan Foreign Policy 1947-2012 by Abdul sattar, oxford pub. International affairs by by Dr Safdar Mahmood Monthly Current Affairs Magazine by Dr Safdar Mahmood www.worldatlas.com www.dailydawn.com www.wikipedia.org www.mofa.gov.pk GEO-STRATEGIC IMPORTANCE OF PAKISTAN 22 January 2014 28

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