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This slide contains Commentary and Outline about "The Book of Joshua" and also the Bible in many languages and available versions

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  2. 2. Possible Route of the Exodus
  3. 3. CANAAN Twelve Tribes of Israel Source of Image: Photobucket
  4. 4. I. INTRODUCTION TO THE BOOK OF JOSHUA AUTHOR: Joshua DATE: 1400-1370 B.C. Authorship Basically the book was composed by Joshua himself. To be sure, a few sections – such as 15:13-17 (cf. Judg. 1:9-13) and Josh. 24:29-31 – could not have been written by him. These were probably added by Eleazar the priest or by Phinehas, his son. But Joshua is specifically identified as the author of 24:1-26, and clearly the author was an eyewitness of many of the events recorded- see, for example, 5:1 (contains we in some mass.) and 5:6 (us). It is also evident that the book was written not long after the events happened (6:25). Background The book describes the conquest and division of the land of Canaan and is set against the background of the corrupt and brutal features of Canaanite religion, depicted clearly in the Ras Shamra Tablets. Prostitution of both sexes, infant sacrifice, and religious syncretism were some of the evils for which God command the Israelites to exterminate the inhabitants of Canaan. Much of the later spiritual declension in Israel was due to the fact that the Canaanites were not completely destroyed. As a result, their religion was tolerated and frequently absorbed by the Israelites. The events of Joshua begin where those of Deuteronomy conclude. For a discussion of the time of the conquest, see the Introduction to the Book of Exodus.
  5. 5. Joshua the Man Evidently born in Egypt, Joshua (whose name means “Yahweh is salvation”; see note on Num. 13:16) may have served in Pharaoh’s army. In any case, he was well qualified to command the Israelite forces against the Amalekites at Rephidim (Ex. 17:8-16). He served as personal attendant to Moses during the year at Mt. Sinai (Ex. 24:13). As the representative of the tribe of Ephraim, he scouted the land of Canaan with the other eleven spies and, with Caleb, opposed the majority report not to try to conquer the land (Num. 14:6-9). Before Moses’ death he was commissioned as successor (Num. 27:18-23), and led the people in their conquest of Canaan. His outstanding qualities were faith, courage, obedience, and devotion to the law of God. Date Assuming the earlier date for the Exodus from Egypt (see Introduction to the Book of Exodus), the conquest of Canaan under Joshua took place around 1400 B.C. The later date for the Exodus places the conquest of Canaan around 1240, a date more difficult to harmonize with the slight mention in the book of Joshua (13:2-3) of the Philistines, who were strong in Palestine around 1200. Important Emphases The book emphasizes (1) the faithfulness of God to give Israel the land of Canaan (cf. Gen. 13:15); (2) the importance of the written law of God (Josh. 1:8; 8:32-35; 23:6-16; 24:26-27); and (3) the holiness of God in judging the sins of the Canaanites (cf. Deut. 7:1-6)
  6. 6. II. OUTLINE OF JOSHUA I. Entering the Land of Canaan, 1:1-5:15 A. The Commission of God to Joshua, 1:1-9 B. The Command of Joshua to the People, 1:10-18 C. The Canvassing of Jericho: Rahab and the Spies, 2:1-24 D. The Crossing of the Jordan River, 3:1-17 E. The Commemoration of the Crossing, 4:1-24 F. Then Circumcision of the People, 5:1-12 G. The Commander of the Lord’s Army, 5:13-15 II. Conquering the Land of Canaan, 6:1-12:24 A. Conquest of Central Canaan, 6:1-8:35 1. Victory at Jericho, 6:1-27 2. Defeat at Ai: Achan’s sin, 7:1-26 3. Victory at Ai, 8:1-29 4. Worship at Ebal, 8:30-35 B. Conquest of Southern Canaan, 9:1-10:43 1. Deception of the Gibeonites, 9:1-27 2. Destruction of the Amorite coalition, 10:1-43 C. Conquest of Northern Canaan, 11:1-15 D. Summary of the Conquest, 11:16-12:24 III. Dividing the Land of Canaan, 13:1-24:33 A. Instructions to Joshua, 13:1-7
  7. 7. B. Division of Transjordan, 13:8-33 C. Division of Canaan, 14:1-19:51 1. Introduction, 14:1-5 2. Inheritance of Judah, 14:6-15:63 3. Inheritance of Ephraim, 16:1-10 4. Inheritance of half-tribe of Manasseh, 17:1-18 5. Survey of remaining land, 18:1-10 6. Inheritance of Benjamin, 18:11-28 7. Inheritance of Simeon, 19:1-9 8. Inheritance of Zebulon, 19:10-16 9. Inheritance of Issachar 10. Inheritance of Asher, 19:24-31 11. Inheritance of Naphtali, 19:32-39 12. Inheritance of Dan, 19:40-48 13. Special inheritance, 19:49-51 D. Cities of Refuge, 20:1-9 E. Towns of the Levites, 21:1-45 F. Joshua’s Farewell Messages, 22:1-24:28 1. To the two-and-a-half tribes, 22:1-34 2. To the rulers, 23:1-16 3. To the people, 24:1-28 G. The Death of Joshua, 24:29-33 ■ Source: The RYRIE Study Bible – New International Version
  8. 8. III. BibleGateway Available Versions Language Version Available Versions አአአአ (AM) – Amharic New Amharic Standard Version PDF Amuzgo de Guerrero (AMU) – Amuzgo Guerrero Amuzgo de Guerrero (AMU) Text (NT) ‫العربية‬ (AR) – Arabic Arabic Bible: Easy-to-Read Version (ERV- AR) Text Arabic Life Application Bible (ALAB) Text अवधी (AWA) – Awadhi Awadhi Bible: Easy-to-Read Version (ERV- AWA) Text Pavithar Bible (New India Bible Version) PDF (NT) Български (BG) – Bulgarian 1940 Bulgarian Bible (BG1940) Text Bulgarian Bible (BULG) Text Bulgarian New Testament: Easy-to-Read Version (ERV-BG) Text (NT) Bulgarian Protestant Bible (BPB) Text Chinanteco de Comaltepec (CCO) Chinanteco de Comaltepec (CCO) Text (NT) Cebuano (CEB) Ang Pulong Sa Dios (APSD-CEB) Text (NT) አአአ አአአአአ (CHR) – Cherokee Cherokee New Testament (CHR) Text (NT) Cakchiquel Occidental (CKW) – Kaqchikel Cakchiquel Occidental (CKW) Text (NT) Čeština (CS) – Czech Bible 21 (B21) Text Slovo na cestu (SNC) Text (NT) Bible Kralická Audio (NT)
  9. 9. Dansk (DA) – Danish Bibelen på hverdagsdansk (BPH) Text Dette er Biblen på dansk (DN1933) Text Deutsch (DE) – German Hoffnung für Alle (HOF) Text (NT) Luther Bibel 1545 (LUTH1545) Text Neue Genfer Übersetzung (NGU-DE) Text (NT) Schlachter 1951 (SCH1951) Text Schlachter 2000 (SCH2000) Text English (EN) 21st Century King James Version (KJ21) Text American Standard Version (ASV) Text Amplified Bible (AMP) Text Common English Bible (CEB) Text (with Apocrypha) Complete Jewish Bible (CJB) Text Contemporary English Version (CEV) Text Darby Translation (DARBY) Text Douay-Rheims 1899 American Edition (DRA) Text (with Apocrypha) Easy-to-Read Version (ERV) Text English Standard Version (ESV) Text Audio (NT) English Standard Version Anglicised (ESVUK) Text Expanded Bible (EXB) Text 1599 Geneva Bible (GNV) Text GOD’S WORD Translation (GW) Text Good News Translation (GNT) Text (with Apocrypha) Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB) Text Audio J.B. Phillips New Testament (PHILLIPS) Text (NT) Jubilee Bible 2000 (JUB) Text King James Version (KJV) Text Audio Authorized (King James) Version (AKJV) Text Lexham English Bible (LEB) Text Audio (NT) Living Bible (TLB) Text The Message (MSG) Text Mounce Reverse-Interlinear New Testament (MOUNCE) Text (NT)
  10. 10. Names of God Bible (NOG) Text New American Standard Bible (NASB) Text Audio New Century Version (NCV) Text New English Translation (NET Bible) Text New International Reader's Version (NIRV) Text New International Version (NIV) Text Audio New International Version - UK (NIVUK) Text New King James Version (NKJV) Text New Life Version (NLV) Text New Living Translation (NLT) Text New Revised Standard Version (NRSV) Text (with Apocrypha) New Revised Standard Version, Anglicised (NRSVA) Text (with Apocrypha) New Revised Standard Version, Anglicised Catholic Edition (NRSVACE) Text New Revised Standard Version Catholic Edition (NRSVCE) Text Orthodox Jewish Bible (OJB) Text Revised Standard Version (RSV) Text (with Apocrypha) Revised Standard Version Catholic Edition (RSVCE) Text The Voice (VOICE) Text World English Bible (WEB) Text Worldwide English (New Testament) (WE) Text (NT) Wycliffe Bible (WYC) Text Young's Literal Translation (YLT) Text Español (ES) – Spanish La Biblia de las Américas (LBLA) Text Audio (NT) Dios Habla Hoy (DHH) Text (with Apocrypha) Jubilee Bible 2000 (Spanish) (JBS) Text Nueva Biblia Latinoamericana de Hoy (NBLH) Text Nueva Traducción Viviente (NTV) Text Nueva Versión Internacional (Castilian) (CST) Text Nueva Versión Internacional (NVI) Text
  11. 11. Audio Palabra de Dios para Todos (PDT) Text La Palabra (España) (BLP) Text La Palabra (Hispanoamérica) (BLPH) Text Reina Valera Contemporánea (RVC) Text Reina-Valera 1960 (RVR1960) Text Reina Valera 1977 (RVR1977) Text Reina-Valera 1995 (RVR1995) Text Reina-Valera Antigua (RVA) Text Traducción en lenguaje actual (TLA) Text (with Apocrypha) ‫فارسی‬ (FA) – Persian Farsi New Testament Audio (Ps/Pr/NT) Farsi Ebook Bible PDF Suomi (FI) – Finnish Raamattu 1933/38 (R1933) Text Français (FR) – French La Bible du Semeur (BDS) Text Louis Segond (LSG) Text Nouvelle Edition de Genève – NEG1979 (NEG1979) Text Segond 21 (SG21) Text Κοινη (GRC) – Greek 1550 Stephanus New Testament (TR1550) Text (NT) 1881 Westcott-Hort New Testament (WHNU) Text (NT) 1894 Scrivener New Testament (TR1894) Text (NT) SBL Greek New Testament (SBLGNT) Text (NT) ‫עיברית‬ (HE) – Hebrew Habrit Hakhadasha/Haderekh (HHH) Text (NT) The Westminster Leningrad Codex (WLC) Text (OT) िहिन्दी (HI) – Hindi Hindi Bible: Easy-to-Read Version (ERV- HI) Text Ilonggo (HIL) – Hiligaynon Ang Pulong Sang Dios (HLGN) Text Hrvatski (HR) – Croatian Knijga O Kristu (CRO) Text (NT) Kreyòl ayisyen (HT) – Haitian Creole Haitian Creole Version (HCV) Text Magyar (HU) – Hungarian Hungarian Károli (KAR) Text Hungarian Bible: Easy-to-Read Version (ERV-HU) Text Hungarian New Translation (NT-HU) Text Hawai‘i Pidgin (HWC) Hawai‘i Pidgin (HWP) Text (NT) Íslenska (IS) – Icelandic Icelandic Bible (ICELAND) Text
  12. 12. Italiano (IT) – Italian La Bibbia della Gioia (BDG) Text (NT) Conferenza Episcopale Italiana (CEI) Text (with Apocrypha) La Nuova Diodati (LND) Text Nuova Riveduta 1994 (NR1994) Text Nuova Riveduta 2006 (NR2006) Text 日本語 (JA) – Japanese Japanese Living Bible PDF Audio (NT) Jacalteco, Oriental (JAC) – Jakaltek Jacalteco, Oriental (JAC) Text (NT) Kekchi (KEK) – Kekchi Kekchi (KEK) Text (NT) 한국어 (KO) – Korean Korean Living New Testament PDF (NT) Kurdî (KU) – Kurdish Kurdish-Sorani Ebook Bible PDF (NT) Latina (LA) – Latin Biblia Sacra Vulgata (VULGATE) Text (with Apocrypha) Dholuo (LUO) – Dholuo Luo New Testament PDF (NT) Māori (MI) – Maori Maori Bible (MAORI) Text Македонски (MK) – Macedonian Macedonian New Testament (MNT) Text (NT) Malayalam (ML) – Malayalam Malayalam Ebook Bible PDF (NT) मराठी (MR) – Marathi Marathi Bible: Easy-to-Read Version (ERV-MR) Text Mam, Central (MVC) – Mam Mam, Central (MVC) Text (NT) Mam, Todos Santos (MVJ) – Mam Mam de Todos Santos Chuchumatán (MVJ) Text (NT) Plautdietsch (NDS) – Low German Reimer 2001 (REIMER) Text (NT) Audio नेपाली (NE) – Nepali Nepali Bible: Easy-to-Read Version (ERV- NE) Text Náhuatl de Guerrero (NGU) – Nahuatl Náhuatl de Guerrero (NGU) Text (NT) Nederlands (NL) – Dutch Het Boek (HTB) Text Norsk (NO) – Norwegian Det Norsk Bibelselskap 1930 (DNB1930) Text En Levende Bok (LB) Text (NT) Ndebele (NR) – Southern Ndebele Ndebele Ebook Bible PDF (NT) ଓଡ଼ିଆ (OR) – Oriya Oriya Bible: Easy-to-Read Version (ERV- OR) Text Orominay (ORM) – West Central Oromo Kitaaba Qulqulluu (Ethiopic Script) PDF (NT) Kitaaba Qulqulluu (Latin Script) PDF (NT)
  13. 13. ਪੰਜਾਬੀ (PA) – Punjabi Punjabi Bible: Easy-to-Read Version (ERV-PA) Text Polski (PL) – Polish Nowe Przymierze (NP) Text (NT) Słowo Życia (SZ-PL) Text (NT) Nawat (PPL) – Pipil Ne Bibliaj Tik Nawat (NBTN) Text (NT) Português (PT) – Portuguese João Ferreira de Almeida Atualizada (AA) Text Nova Versão Internacional (NVI-PT) Text O Livro (OL) Text Portuguese New Testament: Easy-to-Read Version (VFL) Text (NT) Quichua (QU) Mushuj Testamento Diospaj Shimi (MTDS) Text (NT) Quiché, Centro Occidenta (QUT) – K'iche' Quiché, Centro Occidental (QUT) Text (NT) Română (RO) – Romanian Cornilescu (RMNN) Text Nouă Traducere În Limba Română (NTLR) Text Русский (RU) – Russian Russian New Testament: Easy-to-Read Version (ERV-RU) Text (NT) Russian Synodal Version (RUSV) Text Slovo Zhizny (SZ) Text Slovenčina (SK) – Slovak Nádej pre kazdého (NPK) Text (NT) 1979 Slovak Bible Audio (NT) Somali (SO) Somali Bible (SOM) Text Shqip (SQ) – Albanian Albanian Bible (ALB) Text Српски (SR) – Serbian Serbian New Testament: Easy-to-Read Version (ERV-SR) Text (NT) Svenska (SV) – Swedish Nya Levande Bibeln (SVL) Text Svenska 1917 (SV1917) Text Svenska Folkbibeln (SFB) Text Kiswahili (SW) – Swahili Neno: Bibilia Takatifu (SNT) Text (NT) Audio (NT) தமிழ் (TA) – Tamil Tamil Bible: Easy-to-Read Version (ERV- TA) Text ภาษาไทย (TH) – Thai Thai New Contemporary Bible (TNCV) Text Thai New Testament: Easy-to-Read Version (ERV-TH) Text (NT) Tagalog (TL) – Tagalog Ang Salita ng Diyos (SND) Text (NT) Twi (TWI) Nkwa Asem (NA-TWI) Text (NT) Українська (UK) – Ukrainian Ukrainian Bible (UKR) Text Ukrainian New Testament: Easy-to-Read Version (ERV-UK) Text (NT)
  14. 14. ‫اردو‬ (UR) – Urdu Urdu Bible: Easy-to-Read Version (ERV- UR) Text Uspanteco (USP) – Uspanteko Uspanteco (USP) Text (NT) Tiêng Viêt (VI) – Vietnamese 1934 Vietnamese Bible (VIET) Text Bản Dịch 2011 (BD2011) Text Vietnamese Bible: Easy-to-Read Version (BPT) Text 汉语 (ZH) – Chinese Chinese Contemporary Bible (CCB) Text Audio Chinese New Testament: Easy-to-Read Version (ERV-ZH) Text (NT) Chinese New Version (Traditional) (CNVT) Text Chinese Standard Bible (Simplified) (CSBS) Text (NT) Audio (NT) Chinese Standard Bible (Traditional) (CSBT) Text (NT) Audio (NT) Chinese Union Version (Simplified) (CUVS) Text Chinese Union Version (Traditional) (CUV) Text Chinese Union Version Modern Punctuation (Simplified) (CUVMPS) Text Chinese Union Version Modern Punctuation (Traditional) (CUVMPT) Text
  15. 15. IV.Bible Hub Bible Hub: Search, Read, Study the Bible in Many Languages
  16. 16. V. Bible Study Space Network
  17. 17. VI. eBibleTeacher
  18. 18. VII. Leitura Bíblica Diária Comentários & Hinos – (Daily Bible Reading Commentaries & Hymns)