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THE BOOK OF EZRA
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THE BOOK OF EZRA

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This slide contains THE BOOK OF EZRA, and also the BIBLE in many languages and available versions.

This slide contains THE BOOK OF EZRA, and also the BIBLE in many languages and available versions.

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    THE BOOK OF EZRA THE BOOK OF EZRA Document Transcript

    • EZRA Ezra thanks God for his help
    • Persian Empire Map of the Persian Empire in 490 B.C. Public Domain. Courtesy of Wikipedia. Created by West Point's History Department
    • The Decree of Cyrus Ezra 1:1-11; 2 Chronicles 36:22-23 clipart.christiansunite.com/
    • Return of Judah clipart.christiansunite.com/
    • Second Temple
    • I. INTRODUCTION TO THE BOOK OF EZRA AUTHOR: Ezra DATE: 456-444 B.C. Title and Authorship The book, named after this principal character, originally formed one work with the books of Nehemiah and Chronicles. Although Ezra is not mentioned in the book as its author, he most likely did write the book using various documents (e.g., 4:7-16), genealogies (e.g., 2:1-70), and personal memoirs (e.g., 7:27-9:15) as his sources. In the Vulgate (Latin Bible,), Ezra and Nehemiah are titled 1 and 2 Esdras, while the apocryphal book called 1 Esdras in the English text is 3 Esdras in the Vulgate. Date Although some date the book around 330 B.C., its linguistic similarities with the fifth century Aramaic papyri from the Jewish community at Elephantine, Egypt, argue for an earlier date during the lifetime of Ezra (who lived to the time of Nehemiah, Neh. 8:1-9; 12:36). Ezra probably finished the book between 456 (when the events of 10:17-44 took place) and 444, when Nehemiah arrived in Jerusalem. Historical Backgraound The book records the fulfillment of God’s promise to restore Israel to her land after the seventy years of captivity in Babylon (Jer. 25:11). This was accomplished through the help of three Persian Kings (Cyrus, Darius, and Artaxerxes) as well as Jewish leaders such as Zerubbabel, Joshua, Haggai, Zechariah, and Ezra. Cyrus overthrew Babylon in October 539, and in accord with his policy of encouraging subject people to return to their homelands, he issued a decree in 538 allowing the Jews to do the same (see Introduction to Zechariah). About fifty thousand did return under the leadership of Zerubbabel, and the foundation of the Temple was laid, though it was not completed until 515 in the reign of Darius. Ezra 1-6 describe these events. Chapters 7-10 describe Ezra’s return to Jerusalem under the favor of Artaxerxes to help bring spiritual revival to the people.
    • The Persian kings involved in this period (in relation to Ezra and other portions of the O.T.) are as follows: King (dates) Corresponding Chapters in Ezra Relation to Other Books of O.T. Cyrus 538-530 Chapters 1-6 (though there is no mention of Cambyses of Smerdis) Haggai (520) Zechariah (520-515) Cambyses 530-522 " " " " Smerdis 522 " " " " Darius I 521-486 " " " " Xerxes I (Ahasuerus) 486-465 4:6 Esther (474) Artaxerxes I 464-423 4:7-23 and chaps. 7-10 Malachi (450-400) Darius II 423-404 Nehemiah (445-425)
    • II. OUTLINE OF EZRA I. The Return Under Zerubbabel, 1:1-6:22 A. The Decree of Cyrus, 1:1-11 B. The Census of the People, 2:1-70 1. Leaders, 2:1-2 2. Families, 2:3-20 3. Cities, 2:21-35 4. Priests, 2:36-39 5. Levites, 2:40-42 6. The Temple servants, 2:43-54 7. Solomon’s servants, 2:55-58 8. Uncertain genealogies, 2:59-63 9. Totals, 2:64-70 C. The Construction of the Temple Begun 1. Sacrifices begun, 3:1-6 2. Foundation begun, 3:7-13 D. The Opposition, 4:1-24 1. The comprise, 4:1-3 2. The campaign, 4:4-5 3. The climax, 4:6-24 E. The Construction Renewed, 5:1-6:12 1. The preaching of the prophets, 5:1-2 2. The protest of Tattenai, 5:3-17 3. The decree of Darius, 6:1-12
    • F. The Temple Completed, 6:13-22 1. The completion, 6:13-15 2. The dedication, 6:16-18 3. The Passover, 6:19-22 II. The Return Under Ezra, 7:1-10:44 A. The Return to Jerusalem, 7:1-8:36 1. The leader, Ezra, 7:1-10 2. The letter of Artaxerxes, 7:11-28 3. The journey, 8:1-36 B. The Revival of Jerusalem, 9:1-10:44 1. The condition of the people, 9:1-4 2. The confession of Ezra, 9:5-15 3. The covenant of the people, 10:1-8 4. The cleansing of the people, 10:9-44 ■ Source of Commentaries and Outline and Bible Verses: The RYRIE Study Bible – New International Version ■ Source of Images: Wikipedia, Photobucket & Christiansunite.com
    • III. BibleGateway Available Versions Language Version Available Versions አአአአ (AM) – Amharic New Amharic Standard Version PDF Amuzgo de Guerrero (AMU) – Amuzgo Guerrero Amuzgo de Guerrero (AMU) Text (NT) ‫العربية‬ (AR) – Arabic Arabic Bible: Easy-to-Read Version (ERV- AR) Text Arabic Life Application Bible (ALAB) Text अवधी (AWA) – Awadhi Awadhi Bible: Easy-to-Read Version (ERV- AWA) Text Pavithar Bible (New India Bible Version) PDF (NT) Български (BG) – Bulgarian 1940 Bulgarian Bible (BG1940) Text Bulgarian Bible (BULG) Text Bulgarian New Testament: Easy-to-Read Version (ERV-BG) Text (NT)
    • Bulgarian Protestant Bible (BPB) Text Chinanteco de Comaltepec (CCO) Chinanteco de Comaltepec (CCO) Text (NT) Cebuano (CEB) Ang Pulong Sa Dios (APSD-CEB) Text (NT) ᏣᏣᏣ ᏣᏣᏣᏣᏣ (CHR) – Cherokee Cherokee New Testament (CHR) Text (NT) Cakchiquel Occidental (CKW) – Kaqchikel Cakchiquel Occidental (CKW) Text (NT) Čeština (CS) – Czech Bible 21 (B21) Text Slovo na cestu (SNC) Text (NT) Bible Kralická Audio (NT) Dansk (DA) – Danish Bibelen på hverdagsdansk (BPH) Text Dette er Biblen på dansk (DN1933) Text Deutsch (DE) – German Hoffnung für Alle (HOF) Text (NT) Luther Bibel 1545 (LUTH1545) Text Neue Genfer Übersetzung (NGU-DE) Text (NT) Schlachter 1951 (SCH1951) Text Schlachter 2000 (SCH2000) Text English (EN) 21st Century King James Version (KJ21) Text American Standard Version (ASV) Text Amplified Bible (AMP) Text Common English Bible (CEB) Text (with Apocrypha) Complete Jewish Bible (CJB) Text Contemporary English Version (CEV) Text Darby Translation (DARBY) Text Douay-Rheims 1899 American Edition (DRA) Text (with Apocrypha) Easy-to-Read Version (ERV) Text English Standard Version (ESV) Text Audio (NT) English Standard Version Anglicised (ESVUK) Text Expanded Bible (EXB) Text 1599 Geneva Bible (GNV) Text GOD’S WORD Translation (GW) Text Good News Translation (GNT) Text (with Apocrypha) Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB) Text Audio
    • J.B. Phillips New Testament (PHILLIPS) Text (NT) Jubilee Bible 2000 (JUB) Text King James Version (KJV) Text Audio Authorized (King James) Version (AKJV) Text Lexham English Bible (LEB) Text Audio (NT) Living Bible (TLB) Text The Message (MSG) Text Mounce Reverse-Interlinear New Testament (MOUNCE) Text (NT) Names of God Bible (NOG) Text New American Standard Bible (NASB) Text Audio New Century Version (NCV) Text New English Translation (NET Bible) Text New International Reader's Version (NIRV) Text New International Version (NIV) Text Audio New International Version - UK (NIVUK) Text New King James Version (NKJV) Text New Life Version (NLV) Text New Living Translation (NLT) Text New Revised Standard Version (NRSV) Text (with Apocrypha) New Revised Standard Version, Anglicised (NRSVA) Text (with Apocrypha) New Revised Standard Version, Anglicised Catholic Edition (NRSVACE) Text New Revised Standard Version Catholic Edition (NRSVCE) Text Orthodox Jewish Bible (OJB) Text Revised Standard Version (RSV) Text (with Apocrypha) Revised Standard Version Catholic Edition (RSVCE) Text The Voice (VOICE) Text World English Bible (WEB) Text Worldwide English (New Testament) (WE) Text (NT) Wycliffe Bible (WYC) Text Young's Literal Translation (YLT) Text
    • Español (ES) – Spanish La Biblia de las Américas (LBLA) Text Audio (NT) Dios Habla Hoy (DHH) Text (with Apocrypha) Jubilee Bible 2000 (Spanish) (JBS) Text Nueva Biblia Latinoamericana de Hoy (NBLH) Text Nueva Traducción Viviente (NTV) Text Nueva Versión Internacional (Castilian) (CST) Text Nueva Versión Internacional (NVI) Text Audio Palabra de Dios para Todos (PDT) Text La Palabra (España) (BLP) Text La Palabra (Hispanoamérica) (BLPH) Text Reina Valera Contemporánea (RVC) Text Reina-Valera 1960 (RVR1960) Text Reina Valera 1977 (RVR1977) Text Reina-Valera 1995 (RVR1995) Text Reina-Valera Antigua (RVA) Text Traducción en lenguaje actual (TLA) Text (with Apocrypha) ‫فارسی‬ (FA) – Persian Farsi New Testament Audio (Ps/Pr/NT) Farsi Ebook Bible PDF Suomi (FI) – Finnish Raamattu 1933/38 (R1933) Text Français (FR) – French La Bible du Semeur (BDS) Text Louis Segond (LSG) Text Nouvelle Edition de Genève – NEG1979 (NEG1979) Text Segond 21 (SG21) Text Κοινη (GRC) – Greek 1550 Stephanus New Testament (TR1550) Text (NT) 1881 Westcott-Hort New Testament (WHNU) Text (NT) 1894 Scrivener New Testament (TR1894) Text (NT) SBL Greek New Testament (SBLGNT) Text (NT) ‫עיברית‬ (HE) – Hebrew Habrit Hakhadasha/Haderekh (HHH) Text (NT) The Westminster Leningrad Codex (WLC) Text (OT) िहिन्दी (HI) – Hindi Hindi Bible: Easy-to-Read Version (ERV- HI) Text Ilonggo (HIL) – Hiligaynon Ang Pulong Sang Dios (HLGN) Text
    • Hrvatski (HR) – Croatian Knijga O Kristu (CRO) Text (NT) Kreyòl ayisyen (HT) – Haitian Creole Haitian Creole Version (HCV) Text Magyar (HU) – Hungarian Hungarian Károli (KAR) Text Hungarian Bible: Easy-to-Read Version (ERV-HU) Text Hungarian New Translation (NT-HU) Text Hawai‘i Pidgin (HWC) Hawai‘i Pidgin (HWP) Text (NT) Íslenska (IS) – Icelandic Icelandic Bible (ICELAND) Text Italiano (IT) – Italian La Bibbia della Gioia (BDG) Text (NT) Conferenza Episcopale Italiana (CEI) Text (with Apocrypha) La Nuova Diodati (LND) Text Nuova Riveduta 1994 (NR1994) Text Nuova Riveduta 2006 (NR2006) Text 日本語 (JA) – Japanese Japanese Living Bible PDF Audio (NT) Jacalteco, Oriental (JAC) – Jakaltek Jacalteco, Oriental (JAC) Text (NT) Kekchi (KEK) – Kekchi Kekchi (KEK) Text (NT) 한국어 (KO) – Korean Korean Living New Testament PDF (NT) Kurdî (KU) – Kurdish Kurdish-Sorani Ebook Bible PDF (NT) Latina (LA) – Latin Biblia Sacra Vulgata (VULGATE) Text (with Apocrypha) Dholuo (LUO) – Dholuo Luo New Testament PDF (NT) Māori (MI) – Maori Maori Bible (MAORI) Text Македонски (MK) – Macedonian Macedonian New Testament (MNT) Text (NT) Malayalam (ML) – Malayalam Malayalam Ebook Bible PDF (NT) मराठी (MR) – Marathi Marathi Bible: Easy-to-Read Version (ERV-MR) Text Mam, Central (MVC) – Mam Mam, Central (MVC) Text (NT) Mam, Todos Santos (MVJ) – Mam Mam de Todos Santos Chuchumatán (MVJ) Text (NT) Plautdietsch (NDS) – Low German Reimer 2001 (REIMER) Text (NT) Audio नेपाली (NE) – Nepali Nepali Bible: Easy-to-Read Version (ERV- NE) Text Náhuatl de Guerrero (NGU) – Nahuatl Náhuatl de Guerrero (NGU) Text (NT)
    • Nederlands (NL) – Dutch Het Boek (HTB) Text Norsk (NO) – Norwegian Det Norsk Bibelselskap 1930 (DNB1930) Text En Levende Bok (LB) Text (NT) Ndebele (NR) – Southern Ndebele Ndebele Ebook Bible PDF (NT) ଓଡ଼ିଆ (OR) – Oriya Oriya Bible: Easy-to-Read Version (ERV- OR) Text Orominay (ORM) – West Central Oromo Kitaaba Qulqulluu (Ethiopic Script) PDF (NT) Kitaaba Qulqulluu (Latin Script) PDF (NT) ਪੰਜਾਬੀ (PA) – Punjabi Punjabi Bible: Easy-to-Read Version (ERV-PA) Text Polski (PL) – Polish Nowe Przymierze (NP) Text (NT) Słowo Życia (SZ-PL) Text (NT) Nawat (PPL) – Pipil Ne Bibliaj Tik Nawat (NBTN) Text (NT) Português (PT) – Portuguese João Ferreira de Almeida Atualizada (AA) Text Nova Versão Internacional (NVI-PT) Text O Livro (OL) Text Portuguese New Testament: Easy-to-Read Version (VFL) Text (NT) Quichua (QU) Mushuj Testamento Diospaj Shimi (MTDS) Text (NT) Quiché, Centro Occidenta (QUT) – K'iche' Quiché, Centro Occidental (QUT) Text (NT) Română (RO) – Romanian Cornilescu (RMNN) Text Nouă Traducere În Limba Română (NTLR) Text Русский (RU) – Russian Russian New Testament: Easy-to-Read Version (ERV-RU) Text (NT) Russian Synodal Version (RUSV) Text Slovo Zhizny (SZ) Text Slovenčina (SK) – Slovak Nádej pre kazdého (NPK) Text (NT) 1979 Slovak Bible Audio (NT) Somali (SO) Somali Bible (SOM) Text Shqip (SQ) – Albanian Albanian Bible (ALB) Text Српски (SR) – Serbian Serbian New Testament: Easy-to-Read Version (ERV-SR) Text (NT) Svenska (SV) – Swedish Nya Levande Bibeln (SVL) Text Svenska 1917 (SV1917) Text Svenska Folkbibeln (SFB) Text Kiswahili (SW) – Swahili Neno: Bibilia Takatifu (SNT) Text (NT) Audio (NT) தமிழ் (TA) – Tamil Tamil Bible: Easy-to-Read Version (ERV- Text
    • TA) ภาษาไทย (TH) – Thai Thai New Contemporary Bible (TNCV) Text Thai New Testament: Easy-to-Read Version (ERV-TH) Text (NT) Tagalog (TL) – Tagalog Ang Salita ng Diyos (SND) Text (NT) Twi (TWI) Nkwa Asem (NA-TWI) Text (NT) Українська (UK) – Ukrainian Ukrainian Bible (UKR) Text Ukrainian New Testament: Easy-to-Read Version (ERV-UK) Text (NT) ‫اردو‬ (UR) – Urdu Urdu Bible: Easy-to-Read Version (ERV- UR) Text Uspanteco (USP) – Uspanteko Uspanteco (USP) Text (NT) Tiêng Viêt (VI) – Vietnamese 1934 Vietnamese Bible (VIET) Text Bản Dịch 2011 (BD2011) Text Vietnamese Bible: Easy-to-Read Version (BPT) Text 汉语 (ZH) – Chinese Chinese Contemporary Bible (CCB) Text Audio Chinese New Testament: Easy-to-Read Version (ERV-ZH) Text (NT) Chinese New Version (Traditional) (CNVT) Text Chinese Standard Bible (Simplified) (CSBS) Text (NT) Audio (NT) Chinese Standard Bible (Traditional) (CSBT) Text (NT) Audio (NT) Chinese Union Version (Simplified) (CUVS) Text Chinese Union Version (Traditional) (CUV) Text Chinese Union Version Modern Punctuation (Simplified) (CUVMPS) Text Chinese Union Version Modern Punctuation (Traditional) (CUVMPT) Text
    • IV.Bible Hub Bible Hub: Search, Read, Study the Bible in Many Languages
    • V. Bible Study Space Network http://www.biblestudyspace.com/
    • VI. eBibleTeacher http://www.ebibleteacher.com/
    • VII. Leitura Bíblica Diária Comentários & Hinos – (Daily Bible Reading Commentaries & Hymns) http://biblialeituracomentarioshinos.blogspot.com