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The Book of Exodus with Commentary, Outline and the Bible in available versions and many languages.

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  1. 1. EXODUS
  2. 2. I.INTRODUCTION TO THE BOOK OF EXODUS AUTHOR: MOSES DATE: 1450-1410 B.C. Title The Hebrew title of the book is taken from the verse, “these are the names of.” The English title comes from the title in the Septuagint (a Greek translation). The Exodus (“way out”) is the principal theme of the book (cf. 19:1). Authorship Since the time of Joshua, the book has been attributed to Moses (Josh. 8:31-35; cf. Ex. 20:25), a conclusion affirmed by Jesus Christ (cf. Mark 12:26). Evidences from the Book itself lead to the conclusion that the author was a highly educated man who had been a long-time resident of Egypt and was an eyewitness of the Exodus. He was acquainted with the crop sequence in Lower Egypt (Ex. 9:31-32); his descriptions accurately conform to known conditions (2:3,12); and he includes details suitable only to an eyewitness account (e.g., 15:27). Date of the Exodus Two principal views exist concerning the date o the Exodus: c. 1445-1440 B.C. during the reign of Raamses II (1299-1232). Scriptural evidence for the earlier date includes the statement of 1 Kings 6:1 that the Exodus occurred 480 years before the fourth year of Solomon’s reign, thus placing it c. 1445. Further, in Judg. 11:26, Jephthah (c. 1100 B.C.) declared that Israel had possessed the land of Palestine for 300 years, which would date the Exodus c. 1400 B.C. Objections to the earlier date include the following: (1) The Exodus could not have taken place until after 1300 because the city of Raamses was named after the pharaoh who was ruling at that time, and Raamses did not rule until 1299. However, if the Exodus was about 1290 and Moses and Moses was eighty at that time, and since the city was built before Moses’ birth, the Exodus could not have been as late as 1290 since there is no room for the eighty years of Moses’ life between 1299 and 1290. (2) It is said that the presence of strong opposition of the Israelites from the Edomites (Num. 20:20-21) was impossible before 1300 since the area of southern Transjordan was unoccupied from 1900-1300. Yet excavations in that area have uncovered objects and pottery dating as early as 1600. (3) It is claimed that Hazor did not fall to the Israelites until 1300 B.C. However, Scripture states that it fell twice: first in the
  3. 3. days of Joshua (Josh. 11:10-11) and later in the time of Deborah and Barak (Judg. 4:2, 23-24). Further, there is evidence in one area of the excavated city of a destruction around 1400. (4) The destruction of Lachish (Josh. 10:32) and Debir (Josh. 10:38-39) is said to have occurred 1230-1200 B.C., indicating a late date for the Exodus. But the book of Joshua does not claim that these cities were completely destroyed by Joshua (as Jericho was). Further, the Stele of Pharaoh Merneptah represents the Hebrews as settled in Canaan when Merneptah’s armies attacked them about 1230, and so the Exodus had to be somewhat earlier than 1290. Thus there is no compelling reason not to accept the earlier date, particularly in view of scriptural evidence. Contents The theme of the book is deliverance from Egypt, in fulfillment of the promise of Gen. 15:13-14. The book records the birth of the nation Israel, the giving of the Law, and the origin of ritual worship. The revelation of God is paramount throughout the book. He is the one who controls history (Ex. 1); He revealed Himself in a new name (3:14); He is the sovereign of the covenant relationship (19:5); He is the faithful redeemer (6:6; 15:13); He is judge of His own people (4:14; 20:5; 32:27-28) and of His foes (chaps. 7-12); He is the transcendent one (33:20) who nevertheless live among His people (29:45). Favorite passages include the birth and protection of Moses (chap. 2), the call of Moses (3:14; 5:1), the crossing of the Red sea (chap. 14), the manna story (chap. 16), the Ten Commandments (chap. 20), the tabernacle (chaps. 25-27), and the golden calf (chap. 32).
  4. 4. II. OUTLINE OF EXODUS I. Israel in Egypt: Subjection, 1:1-12:36 A. God Chooses Moses, 1:1-4:31 1. The oppression of Israel, 1:1-22 2. The preparation of Moses, 2:1-25 a. Moses’ first forty years, 2:1-25 b. Moses’ second forty years, 2:11-25 3. The call of Moses, 3:1-4:31 a. God’s revelation of Himself, 3:1-22 b. Moses’ objections, 4:1-17 c. Moses response to God’s call, 4:18-31 B. God Sends Moses to Pharaoh, 5:1-7:13 1. First encounter with Pharaoh, 5:1-7:7 2. Second encounter with Pharaoh, 7:8-13 C. God Authenticates Moses by the Plagues, 7:14-12:36 1. First plague: blood, 7:14-24 2. Second plague: frogs, 7:25-8:15 3. Third plague: gnats (lice), 8:16-19 4. Fourth plague: flies, 8:20-32 5. Fifth plague: disease on the livestock, 9:1-7 6. Sixth plague: boils on man and animals, 9:8-12 7. Seventh plague: hail, 9:13-35 8. Eighth plague: locusts, 10:1-20 9. Ninth plague: darkness, 10:21-29 10. Tenth plague: death, 11:1-12:36 a. The plague announced, 11:1-10 b. The Passover instituted, 12:1-36 II. Israel’s Journey to Sinai: Emancipation, 12:37-18:27 A. The Departure from Egypt, 12:37-51 B. The Dedication of the First-born, 13:1-16 C. The Direction of the Cloud and Fire, 13:17-22 D. The Drying Up of the Red Sea, 14:1-22 E. The Destruction of the Pursuing, Egyptians, 14:23-31 F. The Deliverance Sung by Moses and the People, 15:1-21
  5. 5. G. The Dissatisfaction of the People, 15:22-17:7 1. The complaint about bitter water, 15:22-27 2. The complaint about hunger: the manna, 16:1-36 3. The complaint about lack of water, 17:1-7 H. The Defeat of Amalek, 17:8-16 I. The Division of Responsibility, 18:1-27 III. Israel at Sinai: Revelation, 19:1-40:38 A. The Giving of the Law, 19:1-24:18 1. The covenant proposed and accepted, 19:1-25 2. The Ten Commandments, 20:1-26 3. Laws concerning servants, 21:1-11 4. Laws concerning personal injury, 21:12-36 5. Laws concerning theft, 22:1-4 6. Laws concerning property damage, 22:5-6 7. Laws concerning dishonesty, 22:7-15 8. Laws concerning immorality, 22:16-17 9. Laws concerning civil and religious obligations, 22:18- 23:9 10. Laws concerning the Sabbaths and feasts, 23:10-19 11. Laws relating to conquest, 23:20-33 12. The covenant ratified, 24:1-8 13. The Lord’s glory revealed, 24:9-18 B. The Institution of the Tabernacle, 25:1-31:18 1. The materials, 25:1-9 2. The Ark and Atonement Cover (Mercy Seat), 25:10-22 3. The table for the bread, 25:23-30 4. The lampstand, 25:31-40 5. The curtains, 26:1-14 6. The frames, 26:15-30 7. The curtains, 26:15-30 8. The bronze altar, 27:1-8 9. The courtyard, 27:9-19 10. The oil, 27:20-21 11. The priests garments, 28:1-43 12. The priests’ consecration, 29:1-46 13. The altar of incense, 30:1-10 14. The atonement money, 30:11-16 15. The basin, 30:17-21 16. The anointing oil, 20:22-33 17. The incense, 30:34-38 18. The builders, 31:1-11 19. The sign of the Sabbath, 31:12-18
  6. 6. C. The Breaking of the Law, 32:1-34:35 1. The sin of the people: the golden calf, 32:1-10 2. The intercession and wrath of Moses, 32:11-35 3. The repentance of the people, 33:1-11 4. The prayer of Moses, 33:12-23 5. The covenant renewed, 34:1-35 D. The Construction of the Tabernacle, 35:1-40:38 1. The instructions to the people, 35:1-36:7 2. The curtains made, 36:8-19 3. The frames made, 36:20-34 4. The curtain made, 36:35-38 5. The ark made, 37:1-9 6. The table made, 37:10-16 7. The lampstand made, 37:17-24 8. The altar of incense made, 37:25-28 9. The bronze altar made, 38:1-7 10. The basin made, 38:8 11. The courtyard made, 38:9-20 12. The materials used, 38:21-31 13. The garments for Aaron made, 39:1-31 14. The work inspected by Moses, 39:32-43 15. The tabernacle erected, 40:1-33 16. The tabernacle filled (indwelt) by the Lord Himself, 40:34- 38 ■ Source: Bible. English. New International. 1986. The Ryrie study Bible
  7. 7. III. BibleGateway Available Versions Language Version Available Versions አአአአ (AM) – Amharic New Amharic Standard Version PDF Amuzgo de Guerrero (AMU) – Amuzgo Guerrero Amuzgo de Guerrero (AMU) Text (NT) ‫ية‬ ‫عرب‬ ‫ال‬ (AR) – Arabic Arabic Bible: Easy-to-Read Version (ERV- AR) Text Arabic Life Application Bible (ALAB) Text (AWA) – Awadhi Awadhi Bible: Easy-to-Read Version (ERV-AWA) Text Pavithar Bible (New India Bible Version) PDF (NT) Български (BG) – Bulgarian 1940 Bulgarian Bible (BG1940) Text Bulgarian Bible (BULG) Text Bulgarian New Testament: Easy-to-Read Version (ERV-BG) Text (NT) Bulgarian Protestant Bible (BPB) Text Chinanteco de Comaltepec (CCO) Chinanteco de Comaltepec (CCO) Text (NT) Cebuano (CEB) Ang Pulong Sa Dios (APSD-CEB) Text (NT) አአአ አአአአአ (CHR) – Cherokee Cherokee New Testament (CHR) Text (NT) Cakchiquel Occidental (CKW) – Kaqchikel Cakchiquel Occidental (CKW) Text (NT) Čeština (CS) – Czech Bible 21 (B21) Text Slovo na cestu (SNC) Text (NT) Bible Kralická Audio (NT) Dansk (DA) – Danish Bibelen på hverdagsdansk (BPH) Text Dette er Biblen på dansk (DN1933) Text Deutsch (DE) – German Hoffnung für Alle (HOF) Text (NT) Luther Bibel 1545 (LUTH1545) Text Neue Genfer Übersetzung (NGU-DE) Text (NT) Schlachter 1951 (SCH1951) Text Schlachter 2000 (SCH2000) Text
  8. 8. English (EN) 21st Century King James Version (KJ21) Text American Standard Version (ASV) Text Amplified Bible (AMP) Text Common English Bible (CEB) Text (with Apocrypha) Complete Jewish Bible (CJB) Text Contemporary English Version (CEV) Text Darby Translation (DARBY) Text Douay-Rheims 1899 American Edition (DRA) Text (with Apocrypha) Easy-to-Read Version (ERV) Text English Standard Version (ESV) Text Audio (NT) English Standard Version Anglicised (ESVUK) Text Expanded Bible (EXB) Text 1599 Geneva Bible (GNV) Text GOD’S WORD Translation (GW) Text Good News Translation (GNT) Text (with Apocrypha) Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB) Text Audio J.B. Phillips New Testament (PHILLIPS) Text (NT) Jubilee Bible 2000 (JUB) Text King James Version (KJV) Text Audio Authorized (King James) Version (AKJV) Text Lexham English Bible (LEB) Text Audio (NT) Living Bible (TLB) Text The Message (MSG) Text Mounce Reverse-Interlinear New Testament (MOUNCE) Text (NT) Names of God Bible (NOG) Text New American Standard Bible (NASB) Text Audio New Century Version (NCV) Text New English Translation (NET Bible) Text New International Reader's Version (NIRV) Text New International Version (NIV) Text Audio New International Version - UK (NIVUK) Text New King James Version (NKJV) Text New Life Version (NLV) Text New Living Translation (NLT) Text
  9. 9. New Revised Standard Version (NRSV) Text (with Apocrypha) New Revised Standard Version, Anglicised (NRSVA) Text (with Apocrypha) New Revised Standard Version, Anglicised Catholic Edition (NRSVACE) Text New Revised Standard Version Catholic Edition (NRSVCE) Text Orthodox Jewish Bible (OJB) Text Revised Standard Version (RSV) Text (with Apocrypha) Revised Standard Version Catholic Edition (RSVCE) Text The Voice (VOICE) Text World English Bible (WEB) Text Worldwide English (New Testament) (WE) Text (NT) Wycliffe Bible (WYC) Text Young's Literal Translation (YLT) Text Español (ES) – Spanish La Biblia de las Américas (LBLA) Text Audio (NT) Dios Habla Hoy (DHH) Text (with Apocrypha) Jubilee Bible 2000 (Spanish) (JBS) Text Nueva Biblia Latinoamericana de Hoy (NBLH) Text Nueva Traducción Viviente (NTV) Text Nueva Versión Internacional (Castilian) (CST) Text Nueva Versión Internacional (NVI) Text Audio Palabra de Dios para Todos (PDT) Text La Palabra (España) (BLP) Text La Palabra (Hispanoamérica) (BLPH) Text Reina Valera Contemporánea (RVC) Text Reina-Valera 1960 (RVR1960) Text Reina Valera 1977 (RVR1977) Text Reina-Valera 1995 (RVR1995) Text Reina-Valera Antigua (RVA) Text Traducción en lenguaje actual (TLA) Text (with Apocrypha) ‫سی‬ ‫ار‬ ‫ف‬ (FA) – Persian Farsi New Testament Audio (Ps/Pr/NT) Farsi Ebook Bible PDF Suomi (FI) – Finnish Raamattu 1933/38 (R1933) Text Français (FR) – French La Bible du Semeur (BDS) Text Louis Segond (LSG) Text Nouvelle Edition de Genève – NEG1979 Text
  10. 10. (NEG1979) Segond 21 (SG21) Text Κοινη (GRC) – Greek 1550 Stephanus New Testament (TR1550) Text (NT) 1881 Westcott-Hort New Testament (WHNU) Text (NT) 1894 Scrivener New Testament (TR1894) Text (NT) SBL Greek New Testament (SBLGNT) Text (NT) ‫עיברית‬ (HE) – Hebrew Habrit Hakhadasha/Haderekh (HHH) Text (NT) The Westminster Leningrad Codex (WLC) Text (OT) (HI) – Hindi Hindi Bible: Easy-to-Read Version (ERV- HI) Text Ilonggo (HIL) – Hiligaynon Ang Pulong Sang Dios (HLGN) Text Hrvatski (HR) – Croatian Knijga O Kristu (CRO) Text (NT) Kreyòl ayisyen (HT) – Haitian Creole Haitian Creole Version (HCV) Text Magyar (HU) – Hungarian Hungarian Károli (KAR) Text Hungarian Bible: Easy-to-Read Version (ERV-HU) Text Hungarian New Translation (NT-HU) Text Hawai‘i Pidgin (HWC) Hawai‘i Pidgin (HWP) Text (NT) Íslenska (IS) – Icelandic Icelandic Bible (ICELAND) Text Italiano (IT) – Italian La Bibbia della Gioia (BDG) Text (NT) Conferenza Episcopale Italiana (CEI) Text (with Apocrypha) La Nuova Diodati (LND) Text Nuova Riveduta 1994 (NR1994) Text Nuova Riveduta 2006 (NR2006) Text 日本語 (JA) – Japanese Japanese Living Bible PDF Audio (NT) Jacalteco, Oriental (JAC) – Jakaltek Jacalteco, Oriental (JAC) Text (NT) Kekchi (KEK) – Kekchi Kekchi (KEK) Text (NT) 한국어 (KO) – Korean Korean Living New Testament PDF (NT) Kurdî (KU) – Kurdish Kurdish-Sorani Ebook Bible PDF (NT) Latina (LA) – Latin Biblia Sacra Vulgata (VULGATE) Text (with Apocrypha) Dholuo (LUO) – Dholuo Luo New Testament PDF (NT) Māori (MI) – Maori Maori Bible (MAORI) Text Македонски (MK) – Macedonian Macedonian New Testament (MNT) Text (NT) Malayalam (ML) – Malayalam Malayalam Ebook Bible PDF (NT) (MR) – Marathi Marathi Bible: Easy-to-Read Version (ERV-MR) Text Mam, Central (MVC) – Mam, Central (MVC) Text (NT)
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  12. 12. Svenska Folkbibeln (SFB) Text Kiswahili (SW) – Swahili Neno: Bibilia Takatifu (SNT) Text (NT) Audio (NT) (TA) – Tamil Tamil Bible: Easy-to-Read Version (ERV- TA) Text ภาษาไทย (TH) – Thai Thai New Contemporary Bible (TNCV) Text Thai New Testament: Easy-to-Read Version (ERV-TH) Text (NT) Tagalog (TL) – Tagalog Ang Salita ng Diyos (SND) Text (NT) Twi (TWI) Nkwa Asem (NA-TWI) Text (NT) Українська (UK) – Ukrainian Ukrainian Bible (UKR) Text Ukrainian New Testament: Easy-to-Read Version (ERV-UK) Text (NT) ‫اردو‬ (UR) – Urdu Urdu Bible: Easy-to-Read Version (ERV- UR) Text Uspanteco (USP) – Uspanteko Uspanteco (USP) Text (NT) Tiêng Viêt (VI) – Vietnamese 1934 Vietnamese Bible (VIET) Text Bản Dịch 2011 (BD2011) Text Vietnamese Bible: Easy-to-Read Version (BPT) Text 汉语 (ZH) – Chinese Chinese Contemporary Bible (CCB) Text Audio Chinese New Testament: Easy-to-Read Version (ERV-ZH) Text (NT) Chinese New Version (Traditional) (CNVT) Text Chinese Standard Bible (Simplified) (CSBS) Text (NT) Audio (NT) Chinese Standard Bible (Traditional) (CSBT) Text (NT) Audio (NT) Chinese Union Version (Simplified) (CUVS) Text Chinese Union Version (Traditional) (CUV) Text Chinese Union Version Modern Punctuation (Simplified) (CUVMPS) Text Chinese Union Version Modern Punctuation (Traditional) (CUVMPT) Text
  13. 13. IV.Bible Hub Bible Hub: Search, Read, Study the Bible in Many Languages V. Bible Study Space Network VI. Leitura Bíblica Diária Comentários & Hinos – (Daily Bible Reading Commentaries & Hymns)