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THE BOOK OF ESTHER
 

THE BOOK OF ESTHER

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This slide contain The Book of Esther and also the Bible in many languages and avaiable versions.

This slide contain The Book of Esther and also the Bible in many languages and avaiable versions.

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    THE BOOK OF ESTHER THE BOOK OF ESTHER Document Transcript

    • ESTHER
    • Persian Empire Map of the Persian Empire in 490 B.C. Public Domain. Courtesy of Wikipedia. Created by West Point's History Department
    • Medes and Persian Empire Xerxes King of the Medes and Persians, appointing a beautiful Jewish woman, Esther, as Queen. Esther 1-3
    • The Feast of Purim Esther 9:20-32
    • Pur, Purim Meaning: a lot, lots a festival instituted by the Jews (Esther 9:24-32) in ironical commemoration of Haman's consultation of the Pur (a Persian word), for the purpose of ascertaining the auspicious day for executing his cruel plot against their nation It became a national institution by the common consent of the Jews, and is observed by them to the present day, on the 14th and 15th of the month Adar, a month before the Passover.
    • I. INTRODUCTION TO THE BOOK OF ESTHER AUTHOR: Uncertain DATE: c. 465 B.C. Authorship Though his name is unknown to us, the author was evidently a Jew (Jewish nationalism permeates the book) who was personally acquainted with details of the reign of Ahasuerus and the palace in Shushan. He must have written the book shortly after the close of Ahasuerus’s reign, since that administration is spoken of in the past tense (10:2-3). Historical Setting The events of this book cover a ten-year portion (483-473) of the reign of Xerxes I (486-465). Ahasuerus is the Hebrew form of his name, equivalent to the Persian Khshayarsha and the Greek Xerxes. The events occurred between those recorded in the sixt and seventh chapters of Ezra (see the Introduction to Ezra for further background). Theme Though the name of God is now here mentioned in the book. His sovereignty and providence are evident throughout. Vashti’s dismissal, Esther’s regal position, Xerxes’ indebtedness to Mordecai discovered during a sleepless night, and the miraculous deliverance of the Jews all demonstrate God’s control and care for His people (Ps. 121:4). The book also explains the origin of the Feast of Purim (2 Macc. 15:36) and the 13th and 14th days of Adar (Feb.-Mar) when Jews celebrate the deliverance from Haman. Historical Accuracy Objections raised about the historicity of Esther include the following: (1) Secular history fails to mention Vahsti or Esther as queens during the reign of Xerxes. However, Herodotus, who often omits mention of important people (like Belshazzar, Dan. 5), does report that Xerxes sought consolation in his harem after his defeat at Salamis, which was in the year Esther was made queen (Esther 2:16; Herodotus 7.7). (2) It is alleged (from Esther 2:5-6) that Xerxes was a near successor to Nebuchadnezzar, since the passage appears to say that Mordecai was deported by Nebuchadnezzar in 597 and yet was still living during the reign of Xerxes. However, the antecedent of who in verse 6 is not Mordecai but Kish, his great-grandfather.
    • (3) Objection is raise concerning the account of the slaying of seventy-five thousand enemies of the Jews in one day, and without apparent interference from the Persians (Esther 9:16-17). Though unusual, this was by no means impossible, in light of known Persian callousness toward human life and of the pre-planned arming of the Jews (8:13). Contents Undoubtedly 4:14 is the best known verse in the book, emphasizing the theme of God’s control of all events. Esther 4 14 For if you remain silent at this time, relief and deliverance for the Jews will arise from another place, but you and your father’s family will perish. And who knows but that you have come to royal position for such a time as this?
    • II. OUTLINE OF ESTHER I. The Danger to God’s People, 1:1-3:15 A. The Divorce of Vashti, 1:1-22 B. The Discovery of Esther, 2:1-20 C. The Devotion of Mordecai, 2:21-23 D. The Decree of Haman, 3:1-15 II. The Decision of God’s Servant, 4:1-5:14 A. Mordecai’s Appeal to Esther, 4:1-14 B. Esther’s Answer to Mordecai, 4:15-17 C. Esther’s Audience with King Xerxes (Ahasuerus), 5:1-8 D. Haman’s Arrogance over Mordecai, 5:9-14 II. The Deliverance of God’s People, 6:1-10:3 A. The Defeat of Haman, 6:1-7:10 1. Haman humbled, 6:1-14 2. Haman hanged, 7:1-10 B. The Decree of King Xerxes (Ahasuerus) and Mordecai, 8:1-17 C. The Defeat of Israel’s Enemies, 9:1-19 D. The Days of Purim, 9:20-32 E. The Description of Mordecai’s Fame, 10:1-3
    • ■ Source of Commentaries and Outline and Bible Verses: The RYRIE Study Bible – New International Version ■ Source of Images: Photobucket & Free Bible Images
    • III. BibleGateway Available Versions Language Version Available Versions አአአአ (AM) – Amharic New Amharic Standard Version PDF Amuzgo de Guerrero (AMU) – Amuzgo Guerrero Amuzgo de Guerrero (AMU) Text (NT) ‫ية‬ ‫عرب‬ ‫ال‬ (AR) – Arabic Arabic Bible: Easy-to-Read Version (ERV- AR) Text Arabic Life Application Bible (ALAB) Text अवधी (AWA) – Awadhi Awadhi Bible: Easy-to-Read Version (ERV-AWA) Text Pavithar Bible (New India Bible Version) PDF (NT) Български (BG) – Bulgarian 1940 Bulgarian Bible (BG1940) Text Bulgarian Bible (BULG) Text Bulgarian New Testament: Easy-to-Read Version (ERV-BG) Text (NT) Bulgarian Protestant Bible (BPB) Text Chinanteco de Comaltepec (CCO) Chinanteco de Comaltepec (CCO) Text (NT) Cebuano (CEB) Ang Pulong Sa Dios (APSD-CEB) Text (NT) Ꮳ ᎳᎩ Ꭶ ᏬᏂ Ꭿ Ꮝ (CHR) – Cherokee Cherokee New Testament (CHR) Text (NT) Cakchiquel Occidental (CKW) – Kaqchikel Cakchiquel Occidental (CKW) Text (NT) Čeština (CS) – Czech Bible 21 (B21) Text Slovo na cestu (SNC) Text (NT) Bible Kralická Audio (NT) Dansk (DA) – Danish Bibelen på hverdagsdansk (BPH) Text Dette er Biblen på dansk (DN1933) Text Deutsch (DE) – German Hoffnung für Alle (HOF) Text (NT) Luther Bibel 1545 (LUTH1545) Text Neue Genfer Übersetzung (NGU-DE) Text (NT)
    • Schlachter 1951 (SCH1951) Text Schlachter 2000 (SCH2000) Text English (EN) 21st Century King James Version (KJ21) Text American Standard Version (ASV) Text Amplified Bible (AMP) Text Common English Bible (CEB) Text (with Apocrypha) Complete Jewish Bible (CJB) Text Contemporary English Version (CEV) Text Darby Translation (DARBY) Text Douay-Rheims 1899 American Edition (DRA) Text (with Apocrypha) Easy-to-Read Version (ERV) Text English Standard Version (ESV) Text Audio (NT) English Standard Version Anglicised (ESVUK) Text Expanded Bible (EXB) Text 1599 Geneva Bible (GNV) Text GOD’S WORD Translation (GW) Text Good News Translation (GNT) Text (with Apocrypha) Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB) Text Audio J.B. Phillips New Testament (PHILLIPS) Text (NT) Jubilee Bible 2000 (JUB) Text King James Version (KJV) Text Audio Authorized (King James) Version (AKJV) Text Lexham English Bible (LEB) Text Audio (NT) Living Bible (TLB) Text The Message (MSG) Text Mounce Reverse-Interlinear New Testament (MOUNCE) Text (NT) Names of God Bible (NOG) Text New American Standard Bible (NASB) Text Audio New Century Version (NCV) Text New English Translation (NET Bible) Text New International Reader's Version (NIRV) Text New International Version (NIV) Text Audio New International Version - UK (NIVUK) Text New King James Version (NKJV) Text
    • New Life Version (NLV) Text New Living Translation (NLT) Text New Revised Standard Version (NRSV) Text (with Apocrypha) New Revised Standard Version, Anglicised (NRSVA) Text (with Apocrypha) New Revised Standard Version, Anglicised Catholic Edition (NRSVACE) Text New Revised Standard Version Catholic Edition (NRSVCE) Text Orthodox Jewish Bible (OJB) Text Revised Standard Version (RSV) Text (with Apocrypha) Revised Standard Version Catholic Edition (RSVCE) Text The Voice (VOICE) Text World English Bible (WEB) Text Worldwide English (New Testament) (WE) Text (NT) Wycliffe Bible (WYC) Text Young's Literal Translation (YLT) Text Español (ES) – Spanish La Biblia de las Américas (LBLA) Text Audio (NT) Dios Habla Hoy (DHH) Text (with Apocrypha) Jubilee Bible 2000 (Spanish) (JBS) Text Nueva Biblia Latinoamericana de Hoy (NBLH) Text Nueva Traducción Viviente (NTV) Text Nueva Versión Internacional (Castilian) (CST) Text Nueva Versión Internacional (NVI) Text Audio Palabra de Dios para Todos (PDT) Text La Palabra (España) (BLP) Text La Palabra (Hispanoamérica) (BLPH) Text Reina Valera Contemporánea (RVC) Text Reina-Valera 1960 (RVR1960) Text Reina Valera 1977 (RVR1977) Text Reina-Valera 1995 (RVR1995) Text Reina-Valera Antigua (RVA) Text Traducción en lenguaje actual (TLA) Text (with Apocrypha) ‫سی‬ ‫ار‬ ‫ف‬ (FA) – Persian Farsi New Testament Audio (Ps/Pr/NT) Farsi Ebook Bible PDF Suomi (FI) – Finnish Raamattu 1933/38 (R1933) Text Français (FR) – French La Bible du Semeur (BDS) Text
    • Louis Segond (LSG) Text Nouvelle Edition de Genève – NEG1979 (NEG1979) Text Segond 21 (SG21) Text Κοινη (GRC) – Greek 1550 Stephanus New Testament (TR1550) Text (NT) 1881 Westcott-Hort New Testament (WHNU) Text (NT) 1894 Scrivener New Testament (TR1894) Text (NT) SBL Greek New Testament (SBLGNT) Text (NT) ‫עיברית‬ (HE) – Hebrew Habrit Hakhadasha/Haderekh (HHH) Text (NT) The Westminster Leningrad Codex (WLC) Text (OT) हिन्दी (HI) – Hindi Hindi Bible: Easy-to-Read Version (ERV- HI) Text Ilonggo (HIL) – Hiligaynon Ang Pulong Sang Dios (HLGN) Text Hrvatski (HR) – Croatian Knijga O Kristu (CRO) Text (NT) Kreyòl ayisyen (HT) – Haitian Creole Haitian Creole Version (HCV) Text Magyar (HU) – Hungarian Hungarian Károli (KAR) Text Hungarian Bible: Easy-to-Read Version (ERV-HU) Text Hungarian New Translation (NT-HU) Text Hawai‘i Pidgin (HWC) Hawai‘i Pidgin (HWP) Text (NT) Íslenska (IS) – Icelandic Icelandic Bible (ICELAND) Text Italiano (IT) – Italian La Bibbia della Gioia (BDG) Text (NT) Conferenza Episcopale Italiana (CEI) Text (with Apocrypha) La Nuova Diodati (LND) Text Nuova Riveduta 1994 (NR1994) Text Nuova Riveduta 2006 (NR2006) Text 日本語 (JA) – Japanese Japanese Living Bible PDF Audio (NT) Jacalteco, Oriental (JAC) – Jakaltek Jacalteco, Oriental (JAC) Text (NT) Kekchi (KEK) – Kekchi Kekchi (KEK) Text (NT) 한국어 (KO) – Korean Korean Living New Testament PDF (NT) Kurdî (KU) – Kurdish Kurdish-Sorani Ebook Bible PDF (NT) Latina (LA) – Latin Biblia Sacra Vulgata (VULGATE) Text (with Apocrypha) Dholuo (LUO) – Dholuo Luo New Testament PDF (NT) Māori (MI) – Maori Maori Bible (MAORI) Text Македонски (MK) – Macedonian Macedonian New Testament (MNT) Text (NT) Malayalam (ML) – Malayalam Malayalam Ebook Bible PDF (NT) मराठी (MR) – Marathi Marathi Bible: Easy-to-Read Version Text
    • (ERV-MR) Mam, Central (MVC) – Mam Mam, Central (MVC) Text (NT) Mam, Todos Santos (MVJ) – Mam Mam de Todos Santos Chuchumatán (MVJ) Text (NT) Plautdietsch (NDS) – Low German Reimer 2001 (REIMER) Text (NT) Audio नेपाली (NE) – Nepali Nepali Bible: Easy-to-Read Version (ERV- NE) Text Náhuatl de Guerrero (NGU) – Nahuatl Náhuatl de Guerrero (NGU) Text (NT) Nederlands (NL) – Dutch Het Boek (HTB) Text Norsk (NO) – Norwegian Det Norsk Bibelselskap 1930 (DNB1930) Text En Levende Bok (LB) Text (NT) Ndebele (NR) – Southern Ndebele Ndebele Ebook Bible PDF (NT) ଓଡ଼ିଆ (OR) – Oriya Oriya Bible: Easy-to-Read Version (ERV- OR) Text Orominay (ORM) – West Central Oromo Kitaaba Qulqulluu (Ethiopic Script) PDF (NT) Kitaaba Qulqulluu (Latin Script) PDF (NT) ਪੰਜਾਬੀ (PA) – Punjabi Punjabi Bible: Easy-to-Read Version (ERV-PA) Text Polski (PL) – Polish Nowe Przymierze (NP) Text (NT) Słowo Życia (SZ-PL) Text (NT) Nawat (PPL) – Pipil Ne Bibliaj Tik Nawat (NBTN) Text (NT) Português (PT) – Portuguese João Ferreira de Almeida Atualizada (AA) Text Nova Versão Internacional (NVI-PT) Text O Livro (OL) Text Portuguese New Testament: Easy-to- Read Version (VFL) Text (NT) Quichua (QU) Mushuj Testamento Diospaj Shimi (MTDS) Text (NT) Quiché, Centro Occidenta (QUT) – K'iche' Quiché, Centro Occidental (QUT) Text (NT) Română (RO) – Romanian Cornilescu (RMNN) Text Nouă Traducere În Limba Română (NTLR) Text Русский (RU) – Russian Russian New Testament: Easy-to-Read Version (ERV-RU) Text (NT) Russian Synodal Version (RUSV) Text Slovo Zhizny (SZ) Text Slovenčina (SK) – Slovak Nádej pre kazdého (NPK) Text (NT) 1979 Slovak Bible Audio (NT) Somali (SO) Somali Bible (SOM) Text Shqip (SQ) – Albanian Albanian Bible (ALB) Text Српски (SR) – Serbian Serbian New Testament: Easy-to-Read Version (ERV-SR) Text (NT)
    • Svenska (SV) – Swedish Nya Levande Bibeln (SVL) Text Svenska 1917 (SV1917) Text Svenska Folkbibeln (SFB) Text Kiswahili (SW) – Swahili Neno: Bibilia Takatifu (SNT) Text (NT) Audio (NT) தமிழ் (TA) – Tamil Tamil Bible: Easy-to-Read Version (ERV- TA) Text ภาษาไทย (TH) – Thai Thai New Contemporary Bible (TNCV) Text Thai New Testament: Easy-to-Read Version (ERV-TH) Text (NT) Tagalog (TL) – Tagalog Ang Salita ng Diyos (SND) Text (NT) Twi (TWI) Nkwa Asem (NA-TWI) Text (NT) Українська (UK) – Ukrainian Ukrainian Bible (UKR) Text Ukrainian New Testament: Easy-to-Read Version (ERV-UK) Text (NT) ‫اردو‬ (UR) – Urdu Urdu Bible: Easy-to-Read Version (ERV- UR) Text Uspanteco (USP) – Uspanteko Uspanteco (USP) Text (NT) Tiêng Viêt (VI) – Vietnamese 1934 Vietnamese Bible (VIET) Text Bản Dịch 2011 (BD2011) Text Vietnamese Bible: Easy-to-Read Version (BPT) Text 汉语 (ZH) – Chinese Chinese Contemporary Bible (CCB) Text Audio Chinese New Testament: Easy-to-Read Version (ERV-ZH) Text (NT) Chinese New Version (Traditional) (CNVT) Text Chinese Standard Bible (Simplified) (CSBS) Text (NT) Audio (NT) Chinese Standard Bible (Traditional) (CSBT) Text (NT) Audio (NT) Chinese Union Version (Simplified) (CUVS) Text Chinese Union Version (Traditional) (CUV) Text Chinese Union Version Modern Punctuation (Simplified) (CUVMPS) Text Chinese Union Version Modern Punctuation (Traditional) (CUVMPT) Text
    • IV.Bible Hub Bible Hub: Search, Read, Study the Bible in Many Languages
    • V. Bible Study Space Network http://www.biblestudyspace.com/
    • VI. eBibleTeacher http://www.ebibleteacher.com/
    • VII. Leitura Bíblica Diária Comentários & Hinos – (Daily Bible Reading Commentaries & Hymns) http://biblialeituracomentarioshinos.blogspot.com