ICT Applications for Disaster Management by Prof.Dr. Toshio OBI, Waseda University, Japan

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ICT Applications for Disaster Management by Prof.Dr. Toshio OBI, Waseda University, Japan

September 28,2011

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ICT Applications for Disaster Management by Prof.Dr. Toshio OBI, Waseda University, Japan

  1. 1. Prof. Dr. Toshio OBI Waseda University JapanPresident,International Academy of CIO September 28,2011 Bangkok
  2. 2. http://www.asahi.com/special/10005/TKY201103140248.html
  3. 3. Casualties Died 20000 Missing 5000 As of June 20, 2011Source: Metropolitan Police Department http://mainichi.jp/select/jiken/graph/20110314/12.html
  4. 4. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qD0EMEILuwY
  5. 5. http://blog.hix05.com/blog/2011/03/post-1787.html
  6. 6. The Biggest Earthquake in Japan, EVEREarthquakes with M 8.4 or above (466 -2011AD) July 13, 869 M8.3 14:46 March 11, 2011 M9.0 Dec. 23, 1854 Oct. 28, 1707 M8.4 M8.6 Aug. 3, 1361 M8.4 (source: Japan Meteorological Agency)
  7. 7. Higher Tsunami Than Expected 5 9.3m=30.5feet (source: Japan Meteorological Agency)
  8. 8. http://atkaigo.org/blog/?p=7646
  9. 9. http://blogs.yahoo.co.jp/shgmmr/62660088.html
  10. 10. Respiratory disease Cardiovascular diseaseCerebrovascular disease Kidney disorderInfection Economy-class syndromeSuicide Others 1% 23% 1% 31% 2% 5% 29% 8% http://www.yomiuri.co.jp/national/news/20110411-OYT1T00610.htm
  11. 11. http://sankei.jp.msn.com/affairs/news/110313/dst11031310410032-n1.htm
  12. 12.  Victims of Tsunami were mostly the Ageing People 70% of persons injured during big disasters (such as earthquakes ,Tsunami and typhoons) and 50% of traffic accident
  13. 13.  10 Lack to Expand the Damage of Disaster › Communication through ICT › Governmental Education and Training › Governmental Disaster Management › Disaster Preparedness Manual › Communication between Municipalities and Local Government › Privacy Issues › Disaster Management for Ageing People › Finance › Network during Disasters › Management for Vulnerable People 14
  14. 14.  Questions › Which information is most necessary for you in case of severe typhoon, earthquake, terrorism attack or new type of multiple disaster › Which tool will you use to collect necessary information in case of following severe disasters? Results › Especially, they requires information on the location of refugees, the scale of disaster. › There is great demand on using mobile phone
  15. 15.  TV 70s;14.3%, 60s;17.9% PC 70s; 2.5%, 60s; 15% Mobile Phone 70s; 0%, 60s; 5.9% Fixed Line; 70s; 33.3%, 60s; 0% Government; 70s; 0%, 60s; 8.3% Brochures; 70s; 25.8%, 60s; 12.9% Other; 70s; 50%, 60s; 0% For people in their 70s information have to be provided through fixed- line phone and brochures. 1 in four senior persons uses brochures for gathering information 70s are not accustomed to mobile phone usage as a means of collecting information. The mobile phone is used by 12.9 percent of the respondents in this group. Only 3.4% of the seniors in their 70s can take advantage of the mobile Internet, while majority of the mobile phone users limit their usage experience to certain features and functions such as voice mail. 17
  16. 16. Planning Vulnerability Institutional Assessment FrameworkPublic Education and Training Warning Systems Response Rehearsal Mechanisms
  17. 17. Mitigation Measures to minimize the impact of disaster Preparedness Pre-disaster actions to avert loss of life & property ResponseInter-agency concerted efforts to provide emergency assistance to victims of calamities Rehabilitation  Activities to supply immediate basic provisions to affected communities
  18. 18. Preparedness Pre-disaster actions to avert loss of life & propertyEarthquake Early Warning -Speakers for residents (Municipal Disaster Management Radio Communication Network) -TV (sample display) (source: NHK) -Cell phone (sample display) (source: KDDI)
  19. 19. Preparedness Pre-disaster actions to avert loss of life & property Time (seconds) after a warning is provided until a large tremor reachesEarthquake Early Warning 40° Iwate/Osyu Intensity 6 upper Epicenter 39° Seismic Intensity Miyagi/Kurihara 7 1sec 6 upper Intensity 6 upper 6 lower 38° Miyagi/Sendai 5 upper 16sec Intensity 5 upper 5 lower 4 139° 140° 141° 142° Areas where warning (alert) is not in time. (source: Japan Meteorological Agency)
  20. 20. Preparedness Pre-disaster actions to avert loss of life & propertyEarthquake Early Warning Examples of Response to an Earthquake Early Warning (source: Japan Meteorological Agency)
  21. 21. Response Inter-agency concerted efforts to provide emergency assistance to victims of calamities Safety Confirmation Services The safety confirmation services support, Safety confirmations between the people inside/outside the stricken areaby recording/playing back voice/text messages, etc. Record Play backStricken Other area areas Play back Record Message center (voice, text, etc.) (source: NTT East)
  22. 22. Response Inter-agency concerted efforts to provide emergency assistance to victims of calamitiesDisaster Emergency Message Dial- Provided by NTT Communications (System operation: NTTEAST/WEST) (source: NTT East & West)
  23. 23. Rehabilitation  Activities to supply immediate basic provisions to affected communities Communication Network E-Government Life support by Home Electronics, Healthcare, Life Innovation
  24. 24. • reduced costs and Capacity Social development of building impact ICT based • democratic innovations for • Introduction of a empowerment people with capacity building and social special needs model for trainers inclusion of in developing people with• specific sectors nations special needs such as • ICT literacy, • Accessibility, robotics, health, employment affordability, tele-working creation for and • availability, and social care skills upgrading of • Usability, will enjoy senior and International additional handicapped cooperation of benefits. workers in digital developing inclusion Economic nations impact
  25. 25.  Vulnerability Assessment › Critical for disaster preparedness because It establishes a data base towards understanding the levels of potential threats, needs and immediately available resources › Information is sent decision-makers to design their disaster management plan The data collection can be structured by ICT Reliable information system › The coordination of all different information sources to have an effective preparedness plan › There is a need to have clear-cut guidelines, reporting formats and mechanisms as well as established reporting procedures › It is essential to link the disaster preparedness focal point to the inter-ministerial committee and to exchange information among agencies These requirements can be ensured by ICT
  26. 26.  Training Methods › An interactive process of common learning between community of people and institutions. › Training should be active in every way possible. ICT is a crucial means for local communities around the world to communicate effectively Establishment of e-Government HRD of Social CIO for Disaster Management in Ageing Society in cooperation with ITU membership
  27. 27. Contact Information Prof. Dr. Toshio Obi Special Envoy of ITU Secretary General for Academia Director, APEC e-Government Research Center Director, Institute of e-Government at Waseda University President, International Academy of CIO Chair,UNESCO UNITWIN on disaster education obi.waseda@gmail.com 29

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