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The Northern Greeks: The Macedonians <ul><li>Kingdom of Macedonia was north of Greece </li></ul><ul><li>Macedonians were c...
 
Phillip II  <ul><li>359 B.C. Phillip Of Macedonia assumes power </li></ul><ul><li>Skilled politician and master of Greek w...
Phillip II <ul><li>Army of Macedonia had many strengths </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Army was based on heavy and light cavalry su...
 
Phillip II <ul><li>Phillip of Macedonia controls Greece by 339 B.C. through conquest and by promising to remove Persian pr...
Alexander The Great <ul><li>Alexander is an experienced commander and determined to prove himself </li></ul><ul><li>Calls ...
Alexander The Great <ul><li>Alexander invades Persia and at Battle of The Granicus 334B.C. defeats an army of 110,000 </li...
Alexander The Great: The Persian Conquest <ul><li>Alexander seeks to conqueror Babylon in 334 B.C. </li></ul><ul><li>Persi...
Alexander The Great: The Persian Conquest <ul><li>Alexander conquerors the Persian empire and becomes infatuated with Pers...
Alexander the Greats Victory at Hydaspes River, 326 B.C.
 
Alexander The Great: The Persian Conquest <ul><li>Alexander’s army refuses to go any further </li></ul><ul><li>He seeks to...
Alexander The Great: The Persian Conquest <ul><li>323 B.C. Alexander seeks to cross into Arabia and beyond </li></ul><ul><...
The Significance Of Alexander <ul><li>A magnificent general and leader whose accomplishments of war are still studied </li...
The Significance Of Alexander <ul><li>Introduced the  Hellenistic Age  it was the mixture of Greek and Persian culture tha...
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Phillip ii and Alexander the Great

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Transcript of "Phillip ii and Alexander the Great"

  1. 2. The Northern Greeks: The Macedonians <ul><li>Kingdom of Macedonia was north of Greece </li></ul><ul><li>Macedonians were considered barbaric and not worthy of Greek attention </li></ul><ul><li>Macedonians had their own problems dealing with invasions from Europe and constant fighting amongst themselves </li></ul>
  2. 4. Phillip II <ul><li>359 B.C. Phillip Of Macedonia assumes power </li></ul><ul><li>Skilled politician and master of Greek warfare who seeks to exploit weaknesses of many Greek poleis </li></ul><ul><li>He is skilled and daring enough to seize the entire Greek peleponese </li></ul>
  3. 5. Phillip II <ul><li>Army of Macedonia had many strengths </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Army was based on heavy and light cavalry supported by hoplite phalanxes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Phalanx consisted of Greek soldiers in a tight formation of shields and long lances </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Macedonians breed for war </li></ul></ul>
  4. 7. Phillip II <ul><li>Phillip of Macedonia controls Greece by 339 B.C. through conquest and by promising to remove Persian presence from Greece </li></ul><ul><li>He assassinated before daughters wedding in 338 B.C. (alleged that Alexander had role in his death) </li></ul><ul><li>Alexander assumes throne at 20 years of age </li></ul>
  5. 8. Alexander The Great <ul><li>Alexander is an experienced commander and determined to prove himself </li></ul><ul><li>Calls for Greek troops but is ignored by Greek poleis </li></ul><ul><li>Massacres the polis Thebes in 335 B.C.to send a message </li></ul><ul><li>His army swells with Greek troops who fear him </li></ul>
  6. 9. Alexander The Great <ul><li>Alexander invades Persia and at Battle of The Granicus 334B.C. defeats an army of 110,000 </li></ul><ul><li>He moves into Egypt and is proclaimed pharaoh </li></ul><ul><li>Builds the famous lighthouse of Alexandria </li></ul><ul><li>Considered one of the Seven Wonders of the World </li></ul>
  7. 10. Alexander The Great: The Persian Conquest <ul><li>Alexander seeks to conqueror Babylon in 334 B.C. </li></ul><ul><li>Persian Emperor Darius fails to stop the Greeks from moving into the heart of his kingdom </li></ul><ul><li>331 B.C. Battle of Issus Alexander crushes the Persian army led by Darius who flees the field of battle </li></ul><ul><li>Darius is eventually killed by own troops to appease Alexander </li></ul>
  8. 11. Alexander The Great: The Persian Conquest <ul><li>Alexander conquerors the Persian empire and becomes infatuated with Persian life </li></ul><ul><li>Convinced he is destined to conqueror the world </li></ul><ul><li>He conquerors Afghanistan and Pakistan until he ventures into India past the Indus River Valley </li></ul><ul><li>India proves to be more than a challenge </li></ul>
  9. 12. Alexander the Greats Victory at Hydaspes River, 326 B.C.
  10. 14. Alexander The Great: The Persian Conquest <ul><li>Alexander’s army refuses to go any further </li></ul><ul><li>He seeks to punish his men by returning through the deserts of Pakistan and loses 50% of his men </li></ul><ul><li>Returns to Babylon by 324 B.C. and seeks to merge the Greek and Persian empires into one </li></ul>
  11. 15. Alexander The Great: The Persian Conquest <ul><li>323 B.C. Alexander seeks to cross into Arabia and beyond </li></ul><ul><li>The Greek army is exhausted and on the brink of mutiny </li></ul><ul><li>Alexander mysteriously dies before his plans are complete </li></ul><ul><li>Death is a mystery </li></ul>
  12. 16. The Significance Of Alexander <ul><li>A magnificent general and leader whose accomplishments of war are still studied </li></ul><ul><li>He helped spread Greek culture throughout the Middle East </li></ul><ul><li>He built over 70 cities along trade routes using Greek style including bathes and gymnasiums which contribute to cultural exchange </li></ul>
  13. 17. The Significance Of Alexander <ul><li>Introduced the Hellenistic Age it was the mixture of Greek and Persian culture that produced new ideas on civilization </li></ul><ul><li>This lead to the birth of cosmopolitan cities </li></ul><ul><li>Shortcoming was that he was not concerned with ruling an empire </li></ul>
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