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Phillip ii and Alexander the Great

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  • 1.  
  • 2. The Northern Greeks: The Macedonians
    • Kingdom of Macedonia was north of Greece
    • Macedonians were considered barbaric and not worthy of Greek attention
    • Macedonians had their own problems dealing with invasions from Europe and constant fighting amongst themselves
  • 3.  
  • 4. Phillip II
    • 359 B.C. Phillip Of Macedonia assumes power
    • Skilled politician and master of Greek warfare who seeks to exploit weaknesses of many Greek poleis
    • He is skilled and daring enough to seize the entire Greek peleponese
  • 5. Phillip II
    • Army of Macedonia had many strengths
      • Army was based on heavy and light cavalry supported by hoplite phalanxes
      • Phalanx consisted of Greek soldiers in a tight formation of shields and long lances
      • Macedonians breed for war
  • 6.  
  • 7. Phillip II
    • Phillip of Macedonia controls Greece by 339 B.C. through conquest and by promising to remove Persian presence from Greece
    • He assassinated before daughters wedding in 338 B.C. (alleged that Alexander had role in his death)
    • Alexander assumes throne at 20 years of age
  • 8. Alexander The Great
    • Alexander is an experienced commander and determined to prove himself
    • Calls for Greek troops but is ignored by Greek poleis
    • Massacres the polis Thebes in 335 B.C.to send a message
    • His army swells with Greek troops who fear him
  • 9. Alexander The Great
    • Alexander invades Persia and at Battle of The Granicus 334B.C. defeats an army of 110,000
    • He moves into Egypt and is proclaimed pharaoh
    • Builds the famous lighthouse of Alexandria
    • Considered one of the Seven Wonders of the World
  • 10. Alexander The Great: The Persian Conquest
    • Alexander seeks to conqueror Babylon in 334 B.C.
    • Persian Emperor Darius fails to stop the Greeks from moving into the heart of his kingdom
    • 331 B.C. Battle of Issus Alexander crushes the Persian army led by Darius who flees the field of battle
    • Darius is eventually killed by own troops to appease Alexander
  • 11. Alexander The Great: The Persian Conquest
    • Alexander conquerors the Persian empire and becomes infatuated with Persian life
    • Convinced he is destined to conqueror the world
    • He conquerors Afghanistan and Pakistan until he ventures into India past the Indus River Valley
    • India proves to be more than a challenge
  • 12. Alexander the Greats Victory at Hydaspes River, 326 B.C.
  • 13.  
  • 14. Alexander The Great: The Persian Conquest
    • Alexander’s army refuses to go any further
    • He seeks to punish his men by returning through the deserts of Pakistan and loses 50% of his men
    • Returns to Babylon by 324 B.C. and seeks to merge the Greek and Persian empires into one
  • 15. Alexander The Great: The Persian Conquest
    • 323 B.C. Alexander seeks to cross into Arabia and beyond
    • The Greek army is exhausted and on the brink of mutiny
    • Alexander mysteriously dies before his plans are complete
    • Death is a mystery
  • 16. The Significance Of Alexander
    • A magnificent general and leader whose accomplishments of war are still studied
    • He helped spread Greek culture throughout the Middle East
    • He built over 70 cities along trade routes using Greek style including bathes and gymnasiums which contribute to cultural exchange
  • 17. The Significance Of Alexander
    • Introduced the Hellenistic Age it was the mixture of Greek and Persian culture that produced new ideas on civilization
    • This lead to the birth of cosmopolitan cities
    • Shortcoming was that he was not concerned with ruling an empire