DEDUCTIVE LOGICPREMISE 1: Altruism requires the acts that bring benefit to others.PREMISE 2: Ethical egoism can approve of behaviour that benefits others, for often the best way to promote ones good is to form cooperative relationships. [Henry Sidgwick]CONCLUSION: Both altruism and ethical egoism involve the behaviour that benefits others.
REAL LIFE SITUATIONToby Ord is a university researcher earningnot much more than the average salary. Sowhy is he giving away £1m over his lifetimeto help address global poverty?
"Ive made some simplematerial sacrifices butsufficiently small that I dontreally care about them. In termsof emotional comfort, you feelmore satisfied with what youredoing with your life."
Questions raised from the RLS:• Do all humans have altruistic behaviour? Is altruism part of human nature?• Does the behaviour of ‘doing-something- for-the-sake-of-other-people’ exist?• Do acts resulting from altruism stem from a particular intention?
KNOWLEDGE ISSUE:How far isaltruism in humanbehaviour…
Argument 1• The nature of human beings which always need paybacks can be one of the reasons why altruism is an illusion.
When I give something or doing something that benefit others, it is just because I feel life will be meaningful by doing that. It is not Human beings always because of money. It can beneed something more. It considered as an altruistic shows that altruism is behaviour. an illusion of the benefactor. According to Richard Gross, sociobiologist consider the acts of apparent altruism turn out to be acts of selfishness in disguise.
Argument 2• The idea of determinism which states that every event must have a reason can prove that altruistic behaviour does not exist.
An altruist is acting on the basis of free will not determinism. Determinism is like you are doing something to getsomething in return. Altruism may exist but not altruistic behaviour in humans. Both determinism and free The Public will can be accepted based on several real evidence.