Vegetable Gardening and Companion Planting - Campbell University, North Carolina

  • 646 views
Uploaded on

Vegetable Gardening and Companion Planting - Campbell University, North Carolina

Vegetable Gardening and Companion Planting - Campbell University, North Carolina

More in: Education
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
646
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0

Actions

Shares
Downloads
2
Comments
0
Likes
0

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Vegetable Gardening Home vegetable gardening • Produce value of $14 billion per year (U.S.) • 40% of families have vegetable gardens Why grow vegetables? Planning a garden• Taste • Location• Saves money – Water supply• Health – Full sun – Can be chemical-free – Well drained loam, pH 6-6.5 – Exercise – Away from trees• Attracts wildlife – Away from slopes Planning a garden Garden layout • Rows oriented east to• Size west – Start small (25’ x 25’ or less) • Taller & trellised – Most seed packs plant a 15’ row plants on north side • Shorter plants towards south side • Plant perennials together 1
  • 2. Block (bed) gardening Vegetable garden design • Rows • Beds • Mixed beds (flowers/vegetables) • Containers – Window boxes 2
  • 3. Planning a vegetable Planning a vegetable garden garden• What uses? • Vegetable characteristics – Fresh, canning, freezing (p. 500) – Days to maturity• Climate assessment – Warm season vs. cool season – Dates of avg. spring & fall killing frosts • Warm season – restricted to frost free • Frost free period = # days from last spring period frost to first fall frost (ranges from 60-250 • Cool season – can tolerate light frost days) – Start indoors & transplant for Spring crop – Plant as seed for late fall crop Planning a vegetable garden • Vegetable characteristics – Harvested crop and light requirements • Fruit > 8 hours • Root > 6 hours • Leaf > 4 hours – Harvested crop and nutrient requirements • Leaf crops – high N • Root crops – High K, lower N IntercroppingPlanning a vegetable garden• Intercropping• Succession planting (double cropping)• Relay planting• Crop rotation• Companion planting• Row to row distance 3
  • 4. Succession planting Relay planting Crop rotation• Planting at intervals for continuous, extended harvest – Beans, sweet corn, lettuce – Sow when previous crop has emerged (germinated) Companion planting • Some plants do better next to certain types of plants – Some plants have insect repellant properties – Some plants attract beneficial insects – Example: corn/squash canopy disorients squash vine borer 4
  • 5. Companion planting for pest controlBeneficial Poor plant combinationsinsects • Plant antagonism – some plants secrete growth-suppressing chemicals – Beans do not follow onions well – Tomato/potato do not follow Brassicas well Planting a vegetable Plant spacing garden• Can determine final size of plants • Seed – Viability & storage• Equal access to water, nutrients, light – Direct vs. indirect sowing• Canopy can suppress weeds – Prepared seed types • Seed tapes, primed, pelleted, treated – Pre-germinating seed (p. 493) – Thinning 5
  • 6. Growing vegetables from Vegetable garden indirect seeding cultivation • Warm for germination • Watering – Seedlings in good light, lower temp. • Fertilizing • Hardening off • Weed control • Transplanting at proper depth • Mulching • Pests Garden watering Garden fertilizing• Heavy & occasionally – Germinating seeds, seedlings, • Vegetable plants vary in N-P-K needs transplants – frequent & light • Annual application of compost (5-• Critical watering periods 11lbs./sq. yd.) or manure (12lb./sq. yd.)• Water in evening • Green manure crops (legumes, rye)• Soaker, drip irrigation overwinter or intercropped • Granular N-fertilizers applied in Spring (one month before planting) Weed control Vegetable garden pests (p. 498) • Hand weeding • Hoe weeding • Animals – Birds, rabbits, deer, voles, insects • Mulch • Insects – Plastic, organic, newspaper – Sucking insects, chewing insects • Proper plant spacing – Moths/caterpillars; beetles/grubs • Microorganisms – Bacteria, fungi, viruses • Virginia Tech – Insect pests of vegetables 6
  • 7. Training plants • Optimize use of space • Lessen contact of fruit with soilTraining plants CagesHome gardening resources• NCSU Information leaflets 7