Health Care Concerns: Rates and Trends During Health Reform

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  • All items used language similar to that from Kaiser Health Tracking Poll and many items similar to language in following surveys:BRFSS Massachusetts 2009 survey Massachusetts 2008 survey KPBS, Center for Studying Health System Change 2007 Commonwealth Fund Biennial Health Insurance Survey2007 EBRI/Commonwealth Fund Consumerism in Health Survey Commonwealth Fund Survey of Public Views of the U.S. Health Care SystemOklahoma 2004 survey
  • -65+ age group has the least concern about health care costs-Hispanic (and to lesser extent blacks) have much greater concerns about the future-correlated with income, education, health status and insurance status-men report better recent experiences and fewer future cost concerns
  • x1 = "We are interested in how people are getting along financially these days. Would you saythat you (and your family living there) are better off or worse off financially than you werea year ago?"x2 = "Now looking ahead--do you think that a year from now you (and your family living there)will be better off financially, or worse off, or just about the same as now?"x3 = "Now turning to business conditions in the country as a whole--do you think that during thenext twelve months we'll have good times financially, or bad times, or what?"x4 = "Looking ahead, which would you say is more likely--that in the country as a whole we'llhave continuous good times during the next five years or so, or that we will have periodsof widespread unemployment or depression, or what?"x5 = "About the big things people buy for their homes--such as furniture, a refrigerator, stove,television, and things like that. Generally speaking, do you think now is a good or bad timefor people to buy major household items?"
  • x1 = Would you say that you are better off or worse off financially than you were a year ago?"x2 = Do you think that a year from now you will be better off financially, or worse off, or just about the same as now?"x3 = Do you think that during the next twelve months we'll have good times financially, or bad times, or what?"x4 = Which would you say is more likely--that in the country as a whole we'll have continuous good times during the next five years or so, or that we will have periods of widespread unemployment or depression, or what?"x5 = Do you think now is a good or bad time for people to buy major household items?"
  • Strongly inversely correlated with reform importance, and self’s finance and accessMildly inversely correlated with the country’s access and finance.
  • Health Care Concerns: Rates and Trends During Health Reform

    1. 1. Session: Consumer Sentiment Toward Health Reform RoundtablePanelist #1: Health Care Concerns: Rates and Trends During Health Reform<br />Peter Graven<br />SHADAC<br />University of Minnesota<br />AcademyHealth Annual Research Meeting6/28/2010, Boston MA<br />
    2. 2. Acknowledgments<br />Funded by a grant from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF) to the State Health Access Data Assistance Center (SHADAC) at the University of Minnesota, School of Public Health<br />2<br />
    3. 3. Overview<br />Index calculation<br />Index demographic results<br />Time series tracking<br />Health care reform breakdowns<br />Summary/Discussion<br />3<br />
    4. 4. Index Calculation-Motivation<br />Goal was to produce an index that could be tracked over time measuring an individual’s health care experiences in the recent past and their concerns about the future.<br />Index would provide barometer of health care confidence and help to estimate impacts of changes at national level.<br />Health Care Consumer Confidence Index<br />Recent Health Cost Barrier Index<br />Future Health Cost Concern Index<br />4<br />
    5. 5. Index Calculation- Survey Background<br />Health Care Consumer Confidence Survey (Begun March, 2009)<br />Sponsored by Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF) and developed with the State Health Access Data Assistance Center (SHADAC): <br />Authored by Brian Quinn, PhD (RWJF); Lynn Blewett, PhD; Kathleen Call, PhD; and Michael Davern, PhD<br />Items added to Surveys of Consumers<br />University of Michigan Survey Research Center in conjunction with Thomson Reuters<br />~500 monthly respondents, representative of adults 18+ in contiguous US, begun in 1946<br />50 Core questions in three broad areas:<br /> personal finances, business conditions, and buying conditions<br />NOT the same as the Conference Board’s Consumer Confidence Index (~5000 households, begun in1967)<br />5<br />
    6. 6. Index Calculation- Item Selection<br />9 items chosen from a potential list of 18<br />Model selection from factor analysis<br />Items targeted current (recent) and expected (future) question framings<br />From the 9 items two factors with eigenvalues >1 conveniently aligned with the current and expected variables.<br />Cronbach’s alpha from the interitem correlations is mid-ranged at 0.85<br />6<br />
    7. 7. Index Calculation- Construction<br />Points<br />Recent Health Cost Barriers (RHCB)<br />Delayed seeing a doctor when it was necessary due to cost<br />Skipped a recommended medical test, treatment, or follow-up due to cost<br />Did not fill a prescription due to cost<br />Have had difficulty paying for medical bills<br />Future Health Cost Concern (FHCC)<br />Worried about losing health insurance coverage (if insured)<br />Worried about not being able to afford treatment for serious illness<br />Worried about not being able to afford all of the routine health care services you<br />Worried about not being able to afford prescription drugs<br />Worried about going bankrupt from not being able to pay medical bills<br />7<br />2 1 0<br />No DK Yes<br />No DK Yes<br />No DK Yes<br />No DK Yes<br />2 1 0<br />No DK Yes<br />No DK Yes<br />No DK Yes<br />No DK Yes<br />No DK Yes<br />
    8. 8. Index Calculation- Construction<br />Recent Health Cost Barrier Index (RHCBI)<br />Future Health Cost Concern Index (FHCCI)<br />RWJF Health Care Confidence Index (RWJFI) <br />8<br />
    9. 9. Index Calculation- Item validation<br />9<br />
    10. 10. Demographic Results -4/2009-5/2010<br />10<br />
    11. 11. Time Series-Health Indices<br />11<br />
    12. 12. Time Series-Health & Economic Indices<br />12#<br />
    13. 13. Time Series-HCCI Model<br />Results of the Portmanteau Q Test for white noise (P-value percent to reject white noise)<br />Cannot reject null of white noise, however, the future index appears to be responding to health care related events, and more so than recent index<br />13<br />
    14. 14. Time Series-Health Indices 2009<br />14<br />
    15. 15. Time Series-Health Indices 2010<br />15<br />
    16. 16. Health Care Reform<br />16<br />Percent of responses by overall health index (April, 2009-May, 2010) <br />* Includes “somewhat important” and “very important”<br />
    17. 17. Health Care reform<br />17<br />Percent of responses by reform importance (April, 2009-May, 2010) <br />
    18. 18. Summary/Discussion<br />Results from an index of individual’s health experience that can be tracked over time<br />Index reflects many of the demographic trends one might expect<br />The future health cost concern index appears sensitive to the national health reform debate<br />Health reform debate has not shifted confidence<br />Benefits/costs may not be incorporated in responses since major impacts occur in 2014 (ie. pre-existing conditions not protected, impacts on quality)<br />18<br />
    19. 19. Contact Information<br />Peter Graven grave165@umn.edu<br /> State Health Access Data Assistance Center<br /> Health insurance coverage estimates are a click away at www.shadac.org/datacenter<br />19<br />
    20. 20. Extra-Trends of Index Items<br />20<br />
    21. 21. Extra-Trends of Health Reform<br />21<br />
    22. 22. Extra-Reform Importance Change by Demographics<br />
    23. 23. Longitudinal Analysis-4/2009-5/2010<br />

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