Functionalist Theory

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Functionalist Theory

  1. 2. <ul><li>The central tenets of positivism are scientific method, determinism, consensus </li></ul><ul><li>Durkheim’s study of suicide showed how the seemingly individualistic decision to take one’s own life was due to social and economic issues </li></ul><ul><li>In this way Durkheim was able to show how social factors explained individual and group action such as crime, thus in the same way external forces caused suicide, external forces caused crime </li></ul>
  2. 3. <ul><li>Durkheim viewed crime as a social fact-something external that acts on the individual </li></ul><ul><li>Durkheim saw crime as having positive social function </li></ul><ul><li>Durkheim saw crime as a consequence of a society based on values of competition and division of labour thus deviance is inevitable </li></ul>
  3. 4. <ul><li>Crime is a positive aspect of society </li></ul><ul><li>Crime helps produce a moral consensus in society </li></ul><ul><li>As society encourages individualism and therefore unrealistic aspirations cannot be achieved for some a social state of anomie will occur – resulting in personal crisis </li></ul><ul><li>Unless society imposes new regulations on aspirations then a social state of anomie or normlessness will occur resulting in an increased tendency for suicide </li></ul><ul><li>By CThompson christhomp@aol.com </li></ul>

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