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Factors Inside School
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  • 1.  
  • 2.
    • Teachers have higher expectations of Asian children especially girls, as they are seen as well behaved and courteous
    • In contrast African-Caribbean pupils are seen as trouble makers, to the extent a London Development Agency Education Commission report said the relationship between African-Caribbean students and white teachers was one that shifted between ‘conflict and fear’
  • 3.
    • African Caribbean males are more likely to form anti-school subcultures. Stuart Hall research has found African-Caribbean pupils tend to form a ‘culture of resistance’ to school
    • This resistance takes the shape of refusing to comply with school rules, arguing with teachers etc.
  • 4.
    • This is because they say school simply prepares them for low-paid unskilled jobs
    • This has many echoes with Paul Willis’s work, especially as the African Caribbean boys are consciously turning away from complying as they recognise there are no equal opportunities.
  • 5.
    • The Swann Report found only a small number of teachers were overtly racist
    • But the report did find some teachers preferred to spend additional time supporting white rather than African Caribbean pupils
  • 6.
    • Bhatti (1999) found pupils said teachers deliberately ignored or never encouraged children from ethnic minorities; and were more likely to be told-off than their white counter-parts
    • The above could help create a self-fulfilling prophecy for some ethnic minorities. They are identified as being thick or troublesome, and so they act to the label they’ve been given.
  • 7.
    • Another factor for low attainment is the ethnocentric curriculum
    • The curriculum taught in our schools is said by some to focus on the merits and strengths of the white majority and ignoring the ethnic minority
  • 8.
    • For example blacks are portrayed in books as being primitive or subservient
    • Text books never recognise the history, art or music, effectively the culture of ethnic minorities
    • Therefore you could say the ‘hidden-curriculum’ in schools in England and Wales is one of white supremacy because it ignores the rich diversity other ethnic groups.
  • 9.
    • By C Thompson