The most important piece of education legislation since 1944 Education Reform Act 1988
There are 6 main features <ul><li>A National Curriculum </li></ul><ul><li>National Tests at 7, 11 and 14 </li></ul><ul><li...
The National Curriculum <ul><li>A government sanctioned common curriculum for pupils aged 5 – 16. </li></ul><ul><li>Shifte...
National Tests <ul><li>Compulsory National tests (SATS) were introduced at 7, 11 and 14 </li></ul><ul><li>Results publishe...
Local Management of Schools <ul><li>Management responsibility for school budgets taken away from LEAs and given to individ...
Grant Maintained Schools <ul><li>State schools were given the option under the ERA to opt out completely from LEA control....
City Technology Colleges (CTCs) <ul><li>A new type of school was set up in the inner cities </li></ul><ul><li>CTCs special...
Ofsted <ul><li>The Office for Standards in Education (Ofsted) was set up. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Rigorous” school inspections...
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1988 Education Act

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1988 Education Act

  1. 1. The most important piece of education legislation since 1944 Education Reform Act 1988
  2. 2. There are 6 main features <ul><li>A National Curriculum </li></ul><ul><li>National Tests at 7, 11 and 14 </li></ul><ul><li>Local Management of school budgets (LMS) </li></ul><ul><li>Opting Out (Grant Maintained schools) </li></ul><ul><li>City Technology Colleges </li></ul><ul><li>Ofsted – a new inspection regime for schools </li></ul>
  3. 3. The National Curriculum <ul><li>A government sanctioned common curriculum for pupils aged 5 – 16. </li></ul><ul><li>Shifted responsibility for what was to be taught away from teachers to central government. </li></ul><ul><li>Three core and seven foundation subjects </li></ul><ul><li>Previously teachers worked out schemes of work they deemed appropriate for their pupils. </li></ul>
  4. 4. National Tests <ul><li>Compulsory National tests (SATS) were introduced at 7, 11 and 14 </li></ul><ul><li>Results published annually in league tables (along with GCSE/A levels and truancy statistics). </li></ul><ul><li>Schools can now be compared directly in terms of this data </li></ul><ul><li>Previously pupil progress was tracked by teacher assessments </li></ul>
  5. 5. Local Management of Schools <ul><li>Management responsibility for school budgets taken away from LEAs and given to individual schools (Head Teachers). </li></ul><ul><li>Much greater flexibility and responsibility now on Heads </li></ul>
  6. 6. Grant Maintained Schools <ul><li>State schools were given the option under the ERA to opt out completely from LEA control. </li></ul><ul><li>If the majority of parents voted for such a step newly formed GM schools had complete control over their budgets and how the school was run </li></ul>
  7. 7. City Technology Colleges (CTCs) <ul><li>A new type of school was set up in the inner cities </li></ul><ul><li>CTCs specialising in technology, the arts, maths and science set up in inner city areas </li></ul><ul><li>CTCs are independent of LEA and were intended to be financed by local industry </li></ul>
  8. 8. Ofsted <ul><li>The Office for Standards in Education (Ofsted) was set up. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Rigorous” school inspections every 6 years </li></ul><ul><li>Emphasis on inspection rather than support. </li></ul><ul><li>Aggressive system of naming and shaming and placing into “special measures” for “failing schools” </li></ul><ul><li>By C.Thompson christhomp@aol.com </li></ul>
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