SociologyExchange.co.uk Shared Resource

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SociologyExchange.co.uk Shared Resource

  1. 1. Feminism
  2. 2. LEARNING OBJECTIVES <ul><li>Define the term patriarchy </li></ul><ul><li>Name 4 types of feminism and outline their key beliefs </li></ul><ul><li>State the impact of feminism on a number of areas of life </li></ul>We will do this by We are learning about
  3. 3. What do the pictures seem to show?
  4. 4. WHO DOES WHAT IN YOUR HOME (MALE OR FEMALE OR BOTH) <ul><li>COOKING </li></ul><ul><li>HOUSEWORK </li></ul><ul><li>WASHING UP </li></ul><ul><li>PUTTING OUT RUBBISH </li></ul><ul><li>PAYS THE BILLS </li></ul><ul><li>MAIN BREADWINNER </li></ul><ul><li>WASHING THE CAR </li></ul><ul><li>LAUNDRY </li></ul><ul><li>PLANS DAY TRIPS </li></ul><ul><li>PLANS HOLIDAYS </li></ul>
  5. 5. KEY WORDS <ul><li>DOMINATION </li></ul><ul><li>PATRIARCHY </li></ul><ul><li>GENDER ROLES </li></ul><ul><li>EXPLOITATION </li></ul><ul><li>MARXIST FEMINISM </li></ul><ul><li>LIBERAL FEMINISM </li></ul><ul><li>RADICAL FEMINISM </li></ul><ul><li>SYMMETRICAL RELATIONSHIP </li></ul>
  6. 6. Sociology Structural Theory Action Theory Consensus Conflict Functionalism Marxism Feminism Symbolic interactionism (Interpretivism) Theory can be said to be like looking at society through different lenses – each give it a different perspective or appearance. http://www. youtube .com/watch?v=v48kAslT- cY &feature= fvsr
  7. 7. Famous Feminists <ul><li>Sue Sharp </li></ul><ul><li>(just like a girl) </li></ul>Ann Oakley (housewife) Germaine Greer (the female Eunuch) Simone de – Beauvior (the second sex)
  8. 8. IN BRIEF <ul><li>Women suffer the injustices in society because of their gender </li></ul><ul><li>Women need to fight for their rights and free themselves from patriarchy </li></ul><ul><li>Patriarchy exists in the family, work place, government and throughout society </li></ul><ul><li>The family is an institution that benefits men </li></ul><ul><li>Women are vulnerable because of childbirth and men exploit this fact and reinforce dependency </li></ul>
  9. 9. HISTORY OF FEMINISM <ul><li>1 ST WAVE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Suffragettes wanted the right to vote </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1918 rights given to women over 30 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1928 equal right given at 21yrs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2 nd WAVE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1960s concentrated on equal rights in the workplace </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1961 free contraception </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1970 equal pay act </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2008 women's pay still averaged 2/3rds of men's which decreased after 40yrs. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Footage of the Miss world protest <ul><li>http://uk.youtube.com/watch?v=reCX3_OAkv8 </li></ul>
  11. 11. IMPACTS OF FEMINISM ON SOCIETY PAY WORKPLACE FAMILY EDUCATION SOCIAL POLICY
  12. 12. IMPACTS OF FEMINISM ON SOCIETY FAMILY Women go to work and contribute financially Have more say in family matters Stay at home dads less of a stigma WORKPLACE Less sexism (nude calendars, innuendos) Better chance of promotion LAW Equal pay act Pension age discrimination EDUCATION Girls are treated more equally in schools and are out achieving boys SOCIAL POLICY Maternity leave Paternity leave Family tax credits Nursery vouchers
  13. 13. DIVISIONS OF FEMINISM <ul><li>BLACK </li></ul><ul><li>Argue that ‘white feminists’ have ignored position of black women </li></ul><ul><li>Black women face dual oppression due to racism in white society and patriarchy </li></ul><ul><li>Ignores similarities between different ethnic groups </li></ul><ul><li>LIBERAL </li></ul><ul><li>Equality can be brought about through legal reform </li></ul><ul><li>Men need to be educated of women’s potential </li></ul><ul><li>Advocate changing the system from within (lobbying and protesting) </li></ul><ul><li>RADICAL </li></ul><ul><li>Society is patriarchal and biased towards men </li></ul><ul><li>Do not think lobbying will bring equality </li></ul><ul><li>Men use aggression to control women and thus maintain their dominant position </li></ul><ul><li>Highlights dark side of family life </li></ul><ul><li>MARXIST </li></ul><ul><li>Combines key concepts of patriarchy with Marxism </li></ul><ul><li>Women’s oppression is a symptom of a more fundamental form of oppression – CAPITALISM </li></ul><ul><li>Role of women in the family serves the interests of the economy and the ruling class </li></ul>
  14. 14. Who says what? BLACK FEMINISTS RADICAL FEMINISTS LIBERAL FEMINISTS MARXIST FEMINISTS
  15. 15. <ul><li>Complete a sheet outlining the key concepts for 1 type of feminism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Marxists feminism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Radical feminism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Liberal feminism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Black feminism </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Outline what they advocate </li></ul><ul><li>Identify at least one feminist in that division </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluate </li></ul><ul><li>Create A brief 5 min PRESENTATION to the class </li></ul>Group work
  16. 16. HOMEWORK <ul><li>Homework </li></ul><ul><li>Do an audit at home of who does what and for how long (this is called a time and motion study) </li></ul>
  17. 17. QUICK RECAP <ul><li>What makes women vulnerable according to feminists? </li></ul><ul><li>In what way is sociology bias against women? </li></ul><ul><li>What is meant by patriarchy? </li></ul><ul><li>How are male/female roles influenced and reinforced in society </li></ul><ul><li>Name the 4 types of feminism </li></ul>
  18. 18. Overall view of feminist beliefs True or False? There are more fair ways to share wealth and workload Men are aware of this but choose exploitation. The fact that men are physically stronger than women is just an exaggeration of gender role socialization Men cant exploit women because childbirth makes women powerful (even more so today with birth control) Patriarchy exists in the family, the work place, the government and throughout society The level of exploitation reflects the economic organization of the time Men have exploited women for a long time, they call this matriarchy
  19. 19. Overall view of feminist beliefs True or False? T There are more fair ways to share wealth and workload Men are aware of this but choose exploitation. T The fact that men are physically stronger than women is just an exaggeration of gender role socialization F childbirth makes women vulnerable Men cant exploit women because childbirth makes women powerful (even more so today with birth control) T Patriarchy exists in the family, the work place, the government and throughout society T The level of exploitation reflects the economic organization of the time F (Patriarchy) Men have exploited women for a long time, they call this matriarchy
  20. 20. MARXIST FEMINISM <ul><li>See the family is a negative and critical way </li></ul><ul><li>Women’s oppression is capitalism </li></ul><ul><li>Capitalists exploit the working class and women contribute by </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Looking after the men by satisfying their physical, sexual and emotional needs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Beneston (72) women are slaves of wage slaves </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Give birth to the next generation of workers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Women are the ‘reserve army of labour’ </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. BLACK FEMINISM <ul><li>Critical of other feminists because white feminists are ignoring the ethical differences by grouping them all together </li></ul><ul><li>Afro Caribbean are more likely to be single parents </li></ul><ul><li>Asian women experience more patriarch and do more housework and childcare than white. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Arranged marriages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Religious and cultural responsibilities </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. RADICAL FEMINISM <ul><li>Negative view of the family </li></ul><ul><li>Men benefit more than women and do very little housework and childcare. </li></ul><ul><li>See marriage as a type of prison and violence is used if men don’t get their way </li></ul><ul><li>Support diversity (single, gay, divorce etc) </li></ul>
  23. 23. LIBERAL FEMINISM <ul><li>Optimistic view of the family </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on increased equality that exists </li></ul><ul><li>Many couples today see relationship on equal terms </li></ul><ul><li>Man has found his feminine side and takes a more active role in the housework and childcare. </li></ul>
  24. 24. PAIR -Mini Mind mapping The feminist view of the family
  25. 25. Who says what? Challenging each other just weakens the message dual oppression is due to racism in a white society and patriarchy All women are being grouped together BLACK FEMINISTS Men do very little housework and childcare compared to women Divorce allows women to escape a violent marriage Marriage is the theft of women’s labour RADICAL FEMINISTS Man is in touch with his feminine side Women are useful if there are plenty of jobs to fill but when there is not they are sent back to be housewives Many couples have equal partnership Women ‘service’ men like a car going to a garage Fathers should also have right to a close relationship with their children Marriage gives men property rights over women LIBERAL FEMINISTS MARXIST FEMINISTS
  26. 26. EVALUATION OF FEMINISM <ul><li>They all criticise and challenge each other which weakens their overall message </li></ul><ul><li>Views are dated as there is now equal pay and equal job opportunities </li></ul><ul><li>Most women do not see men as the enemy and want to be with them and get married and have children </li></ul><ul><li>NR argues that equality is not always a good thing, working mothers have to juggle time with home and children and are doing more now than being ‘just a housewife’ </li></ul>
  27. 27. KEY FEMINISTS BLACK LIBERAL Sue Sharpe Rosalind Delmar MARXIST Juliette Mitchell Nancy Chodrow Bea Campbell RADICAL Ann Oakley Kate Millet Andrea Dworkin Shuluasmith

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