SociologyExchange.co.uk Shared Resource

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SociologyExchange.co.uk Shared Resource

  1. 1. consolidation<br />Religion as a conservative force<br />
  2. 2. All the theories so far have one thing in common..<br />They emphasise how religion helps to maintain the current social order<br />They highlight how religion reinforces certain ideas in society<br />They emphasise how religion meets the emotional/psychological needs of individuals and prevents social breakdown<br />They note how religion promotes conformity<br />They show how religion prevents society from changing<br />
  3. 3. 1.Reviewing functionalism<br />
  4. 4. 2. Reviewing the ‘new right’<br />
  5. 5. 3. Reviewing Marxism<br />
  6. 6. 4. Reviewing feminism<br />
  7. 7. Paragraph style..<br />Open with introducing the perspective (show understanding/basic theory awareness)<br />Link to issue of social change/conservative force<br />Present at least 3 relevant points – explain – link to social change – illustrate<br />Evaluation – offer criticisms (with reference to social change where possible)<br />
  8. 8. Getting started<br />Functionalism is a structural consensus theory which explores ………They highlight how institutions…… particularly the importance for……….. <br />Functionalists note how religion may prevent social change because….<br />In terms of religion, they note how it helps to maintain social order. Durkheim explores………… An example of this is……….By performing this function, religion acts as a conservative force because……… (at least three points needed)<br />However, this approach has been criticised because…….<br />Also, in terms of social change, the functionalist approach is problematic because………<br />
  9. 9. Essay question<br />“Religion can be both a conservative force and an initiator of social change” <br />To what extent do sociological arguments and evidence support this view of religion?<br />

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