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  • 1. The Role of Education
    Lesson objectives:
    To develop understanding of competing perspectives on education.
    To be able to link specific Sociologists with perspectives and particular concepts.
  • 2. What is the purpose of education?
    TASK
    Look at the following pictures and discuss with a partner the purpose of education
    Write down 5 key purposes of education for the individual AND society
  • 3. Brainstorm....
    What would be the functionalist view of education?
  • 4. Functionalist views on education
  • 5. Highlight positive functions of education for society- examine how schools help to promote consensus in society by socialising people into its norms and values
  • 6. DURKHEIM:
    Social Solidarity
    Society in miniature
    Division of labour
  • 7. Task
    Read page 139-40 and complete the gap fill task
  • 8. Parsons:
    Meritocracy
    Value consensus
    Equality of opportunity
    Value of achievement
  • 9. ARE THE FOLLOWING PEOPLE EVIDENCE OF A MERITOCRATIC SOCIETY OR A SOCIETY FRAUGHT WITH INEQUALITY?
    Discuss the following people – Have their achievements been a result of meritocracy?
  • 10. DAVID BECKHAM
  • 11. PEACHES GELDOF
  • 12. MADONNA
  • 13. PARIS HILTON
  • 14. RICHARD BRANSON
  • 15. ALAN SUGAR
  • 16. NICOLE RITCHIE
  • 17. ZARA PHILLIPS
  • 18. Parsons:
    Read page 139 and complete the following tasks
    1. define the following terms....
    Particularistic standards
    Ascribed status
    Universalistic standards
    Meritocracy
    2. According to Parsons, what is the difference between education and the family in carrying out socialisation?
  • 19. Who’s best for the job?
    TASK
    Write down the following things about yourself......
    What A levels are you doing?
    What are your predicted grades for your A Levels?
    Top 3 subjects you did best at in your GCSE’s
    What skills do you think you can offer to a future employer?
  • 20. Medicine
    FIVE-YEAR COURSE (A100)
    We interview the best applicants. In practice this has meant that, for the past three years, only those candidates with AAA A Level predictions and at least 7 A* grades at GCSE, have been selected for interview. However, because of the competition, meeting these requirements does not guarantee that you will receive the offer of an interview.
    MINIMUM ENTRY REQUIREMENTS
    A2 Levels
    Standard offer: AAA
    Chemistry required
    One from Biology, Physics or Mathematics required
    One other subject, which could include those named above, but cannot be General Studies or Critical Thinking
    AS Levels
    Biology required (grade A) if not offered at A2 level.
    A2/AS Levels
    For combinations of Biology with any of Psychology, Physical Education or Sociology, grade A must be offered in a 4th or (if necessary) a 5th AS subject
    GCSE
    Candidates with AAA predicted or achieved A Levels must normally have at least 7 A* grades at GCSE, with A grades in GCSE Maths and English.
  • 21. Policeman
    AGE REQUIREMENTS
    Applications can be accepted at the age of 18 for appointment at 18½. There’s no upper age limit for applying to the police service.
    HEIGHT REQUIREMENTS
    There are no minimum or maximum height requirements to join the police force.
    QUALIFICATIONS
    There are no formal educational requirements for recruitment to the police service, but applicants must take two written tests to ensure they have a reasonable standard of English, as well as a numeracy test. You’ll also need to be able pass our selection process and complete initial training (see below).
    NATIONALITY REQUIREMENTS
    You must be a British citizen, an EC/EEA national or a Commonwealth citizen or foreign national with no restrictions on your stay in the United Kingdom. Foreign nationals and UK citizens who have lived abroad may have to wait some time for security and vetting clearance. All applicants have to be vetted to the same standard before appointment.
    DRIVING AND SWIMMING
    You will not be rejected because you cannot drive or swim.
  • 22. Davis and Moore:
    Role allocation-
    most talented people gain higher qualification which lead to important jobs with high rewards (money).
  • 23. Davis and Moore:
    Inequality is necessary to ensure that the most important roles in society are filled by the most talented people
    Blau and Duncan (1978)- modern economy depends on human capital (workers skills)......Meritocratic education does this best as it enables each person to be allocated to the job best suited to them in order to maximise productivity within our economy!
  • 24. Evaluation of the Functionalist view of education
    “ passes on societies norms and values from one generation to the next, which creates social solidarity”
    ...........
  • 25. Evaluation of the Functionalist view of education
    “Education provides a bridge between the particularistic values and ascribed status of the family and the universalistic values and achieved status of wider society”
    ..........
  • 26. Evaluation of the Functionalist view of education
    “ Education provides a trained and qualified labour force”
    .........
  • 27. Evaluation of the Functionalist view of education
    “ Effective role selection and allocation- selects the right people for the most suitable jobs in a meritocratic society”
    .........
  • 28. Functionalist bingo!!
    Social solidarity meritocracy
    universalistic particularistic specialist skills
    role allocation Parsons Durkheim
    human capital Davis and Moore
    ascribed status achieved status