GCSE Sociology The Role of the Family Further Perspectives
Complete the gap fill activity by the time I have finished the register.
To be able to recall points about the Functionalist and Feminist perspective of the family.
To be able to explain the Marxist and New Right perspective of the family.
To consider the strengths and weaknesses of these sociological perspectives.
Marxism similarly to Feminism offers a critical perspective of the family.
Feminism focuses on gender inequality. Marxism focuses on social class inequality.
Marxist Perspective Bourgeoisie a.k.a the ruling class Own land and factories (means of production) Proletariat Work for the Bourgeoisie, making them richer. Earn very little
Institution of the family reproduces social inequality over time. (generations) E.g. the rich pass their wealth down to their family members.
As the family is an agency of socialization, the working class therefore learn to accept their position in an unequal society.
Marxist Perspective So… we have identified that the Bourgeoisie yield wealth, land and the means of production. The Bourgeoisie are a group in society who have a large amount of power which they exploit and use to control societies institutions for example religion, the education system and the media. Task: Mind map the things the Bourgeoisie may hold an advantage over compared to the Proletariat.
New Right Perspective
New Right perspectives are influenced by the governments throughout the 1980’s and 1990’s.
Who are the New Right? Margaret Thatcher, Prime Minister Charles Murray, Sociologist
New Right Perspective
Nuclear family is the best for society .
Children are best brought up by two married parents .
Children brought up by two parents are better educationally, physically. Psychologically and socially than children brought up by single children.
NR seen by critics to be an attack on gay and lesbian rights, single parents and fatherless families.
What do the New Right believe? So… is this view of the family a positive or negative view?
To consolidate your learning of the Sociological perspectives of the family create a poster or leaflet showing the four perspective we have covered and show there key points, comparisons and contrasts.