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    SociologyExchange.co.uk Shared Resource SociologyExchange.co.uk Shared Resource Document Transcript

    • Parsons<br />The pre-industrial and the industrial family<br /> <br />Read the account of Parsons’ functional fit theory and the loss of family functions on pages 39 to 41 in the book.<br />Complete the following table, comparing how Parsons sees the traditional pre-industrial family and the modern industrial family.<br />Traditional Pre-industrial familyModern Industrial familyLarge and extended   Performs only two essential functionsBoth a unit of consumption and a unit of production  Geographically mobile Socially mobileIndividuals and couples are dominated by the wider family Work and home are not separated  Status is achieved<br />]<br />Strengths and weaknesses of the functionalist approach<br /> <br />Read the section on the functionalist approach on pages 39 and 40, then print this page and complete the following passage by inserting the missing words listed at the end. <br />Strengths<br />1. This approach shows how a part of society can work at two different levels - both fulfilling the needs of each_______________ and meeting the needs of the whole ____________ at the same time.<br />2. It provides a very ________________ view of society.<br />3. Functionalists show how each of the parts of society are _______________, each contributing to the _______________of the whole.<br />4. This approach stresses the great ________________ of the family as the basic of society.<br />5. The family is seen as very important in passing on the _____________ <br />And _________________which are universal in society.<br /> <br />Weaknesses<br />1. The approach is too __________________. It suggests that family life is always good and happy.<br />2. It therefore tends to ignore the ________________ and _________________ stressed by Marxists.<br />3. By stressing the idea that the _________________ family is universal, this approach ignores other types of household and seems to assume that they are _____________.<br />4. It does not consider the ways in which functions may be performed by other <br />__________________, rather than by the family.<br />5. Feminists are critical of this approach because it assumes that gender ___________ are fixed, ignoring the _________________ that have taken place.<br /> <br />Missing words:<br />Nuclear <br />Society<br />Institutions<br />Inadequate<br />Conflict<br />Positive<br />Well-being<br />Importance<br />Values<br />Roles<br />Harmonious<br />Individual<br />Exploitation<br />Interrelated<br />Changes<br />Norms<br />Unit<br />Marxist view of the functions of the family<br /> <br />Working in pairs and referring to Key Concepts on pages 245 to 253, explain how the following concepts might contribute to our understanding of the functions of the family in contemporary society. <br /> <br />Ideology – Bourgeoisie – Proletariat – Exploitation – Capitalism<br />ConceptsHow does it explain the functions of the family Ideology Bourgeoisie ProletariatExploitation Capitalism <br />Learning objectives and outcomes<br />AO1) what does New Right believe? <br />AO1 how do New Right theories apply to the family system?<br />AO2 what strengths are there to the New Right view of family?<br />AO2 how have New Rights views been criticised by other writers<br />New Right View on family?<br />Name of Theorist: Charles Murray What he says: Were to use his theory:Strength of theory:EVALUATION - Weakness of theory:<br />*This theories you will study will link with family diversity <br />Learning objectives and outcomes<br />AO1) what do modernists/postmodernist believes? <br />AO1 how do modernists/Postmodernist theories apply to the family system?<br />AO2 what strengths are there to the Modernist/ Postmodernist view of family?<br />AO2 how have Modernist/Postmodernist views been criticised by other writers<br />Modernist View on family?<br />Postmodernist View on family?<br />Name of Theorist: Anthony GiddensWhat he says: Were to use his theory:Strength of theory:EVALUATION - Weakness of theory:Name of Theorist: Ulrich Beck & Elisabeth Beck GernsheimWhat they says: Were to use their theory:Strength of theory:EVALUATION - Weakness of theory:<br />Name of Theorist: Judith Stacey What She says: Were to use her theory:Strength of theory:EVALUATION - Weakness of theory:<br />New right and Post-modern <br />The New Right and post modernism offer two contrasting perspectives on the nuclear family<br />Complete the exercise <br />Agency      best      dependency      diverse      families      fathers      functionalist      life      mothers      Murray      nuclear      problems      rates      receive      variety      victims      welfare      working    <br />Top of Form<br />The New RightThe New Right perspective on the nuclear family is very similar to the view. New Right ideas developed in the 1980's e.g. Charles. The New Right believes that the nuclear family is for society.Charles Murray claims that the positive influence of the family is under threat from social trends like quick and easy divorces, rising divorce. These he believes are responsible for a breakdown in family values which has led to rising crime and other social.New Right theorists also before that benefit payments are too high and that this creates a "culture of" which encourages an "underclass" to develop which has little or no interest in for a living. Murray believes that single should not receive generous benefits because it encourages them to bring up children outside of traditional nuclear.New Right ideas have influenced the social policies of both recent Labour and Conservative governments both of which have made it more difficult for people to claim and benefits. New Right inspired social policies like the Child Support aim to force absent to pay for the upkeep of their children after divorce rather than the State.New Right ideas are often criticised for "blaming the " of social problems rather than offering real and long lasting solutionsPostmodernismPost modernists suggest that in the post modern era there is a wide of family arrangements people can choose from - nuclear, extended, reconstituted, cohabitation etc. They claim that no one type dominates and that family arrangements are and fluid. Post modernists see such flexibility as a positive thing. Judith Stacey for instance suggests that a single individual will experience a variety of family structures throughout their span <br />Bottom of Form<br />