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SociologyExchange.co.uk Shared Resource
SociologyExchange.co.uk Shared Resource
SociologyExchange.co.uk Shared Resource
SociologyExchange.co.uk Shared Resource
SociologyExchange.co.uk Shared Resource
SociologyExchange.co.uk Shared Resource
SociologyExchange.co.uk Shared Resource
SociologyExchange.co.uk Shared Resource
SociologyExchange.co.uk Shared Resource
SociologyExchange.co.uk Shared Resource
SociologyExchange.co.uk Shared Resource
SociologyExchange.co.uk Shared Resource
SociologyExchange.co.uk Shared Resource
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SociologyExchange.co.uk Shared Resource

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Transcript

  • 1. Crime and Deviance
  • 2. What is this ???
    • What is it?
    • What do you do with it?
    • When do you use it?
    • Is it normal ?
    • Is it legal ?
  • 3. Learning Objectives
    • L.O 1 - what is the difference between
    • crime and deviance?
    • L.O 2 - what is meant by ‘deviance is a
    • socially defined behaviour’ ?
  • 4. L.O. 1- What is the difference between crime & deviance?
    • Are these the same thing?
    • If not, how do they differ?
  • 5.
    • A crime is…
    • An act of behaviour that break the formal, written laws of a given society
    • Deviance is…
    • Behaviour that does not conform to the dominant norms of a specific society
    • It involves the breaking of social rules
    Deviant
  • 6. Criminal or deviant?
    • Study the image provided :
    • what is happening?
    • is this act; criminal, deviant or both ?
    Acts Criminal Deviant Both Stealing a bottle of milk from a doorstep Taking paper clips home from work Crossing a pedestrian crossing when the ‘red man’ is displayed Keeping money you have been given in error in your change in a supermarket Exceeding the speed limit by 5mph
  • 7. L.O.2 - When is meant by ‘deviance is socially defined behaviour’?
    • Deviance is behaviour that does not conform to
    • society’s norms and values.
    • Society has ‘normal’ ways of behaving (norms).
    • When these are broken…this is called deviance.
    Deviance is ‘socially defined behaviour ’
  • 8. What do we mean by socially defined behaviour?
    • Social setting includes:
    • Time
    • Place
    • Social situation
    • Culture
    Whether an act is seen as deviant or not depends upon the social setting where it takes place
  • 9. Deviant or normal ? Shouting Nudity Eating Kissing Breaking someone’s nose Claiming to be Elvis Presley Shooting someone Drinking alcohol Playing a vuvuzela Playing a vuvuzela Settings Acts Assembly On a beach Classroom During war At the dinner table At a party A place of religious worship A Sporting event
  • 10. Deviance is socially defined…
    • Time..
    • ‘ when an act takes place’
    • time of the day
    • in history
    • drinking alcohol at 8am
    • July 2007 – Smoking banned
    • in public places
    • 1974 USA – being gay was no longer illegal
    Social situation.. ‘ the context in which an act takes place’
    • flag waving at a funeral
    • laughing in an exam
    Culture.. ‘ different cultures have different expectations of appropriate behaviour’
    • use of cannabis in many Arab states is legal when alcohol use is not
    Place.. ‘ where the act takes place’
    • nudity in public/
    • private
    • killing in wartime
  • 11. Sociologists believe that ‘deviance is relative’
    • The ‘context’ that a behaviour occurs in determines if it is seen as deviant or not.
    • Crime and deviance are defined in relation to certain standards in cultures at different moments in time.
    • No standards are fixed forever!
  • 12. In the summertime when the weather's high, you can stretch right up and touch the sky, when the weather's fine, you got women, you got women on your mind. Have a drink, have a drive, go out and see what you can find. No standards are fixed forever!
  • 13. Homework
    • ‘ Explain what factors may influence whether an act is
    • seen as deviant or not.’
    • Short essay
    • Define deviance
    • Explain what is meant by ‘deviance is socially defined’
    • Explain each factor (time/place/culture/social situation)
    • Give examples of each factor
    • Conclude by mentioning ‘deviance is relative’
    • Deadline : Tuesday 6 th July
    Next Lesson : How much crime is taking place in society?

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