SociologyExchange.co.uk Shared Resource

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SociologyExchange.co.uk Shared Resource

  1. 1. -To know the key ideas in crime and deviance<br />-To be able to apply the information to an exam question<br />Crime and Deviance REVISION<br />
  2. 2. Sections of the course<br />What is crime and deviance?<br />How do we measure crime?<br />How do we explain crime and deviance?<br />How do we control anti-social behaviour?<br />Who commits crime?<br />Social research and crime and deviance.<br />Complete your crime and deviance knowledge audit<br />
  3. 3. What is crime and deviance?<br />Crime-Behaviour that breaks the law.<br />Deviance-Behaviour that does not conform to the dominant norms of a specific society.<br />TIME- (when the act takes place) is there a difference between drinking alcohol at 9am compared to 9pm?<br />PLACE- (where the act takes place) a person being naked on a nudist beach compared to a football match.<br />SOCIAL SITUATION- (context) wearing a bright yellow mini skirt to go out compared to wearing it at a funeral.<br />CULTURE- the use of cannabis is legal in some places e.g. in some Arab states. However, drinking alcohol there is a serious crime.<br />These concepts are not universally understood<br />
  4. 4. How do we measure crime?<br />Official statistics<br />-They are drawn from the records kept by the police and other official agencies.<br /><ul><li>They are published by the home office annually.
  5. 5. They are cheap and easy to obtain and comparisons can be made over time.</li></ul>Problems<br />-Not all crime is detected.<br />-Even if it is it may not be reported.<br />-The police may not record it.<br />
  6. 6. We can also...<br />Ask the victim<br />Ask the criminal<br />Victim surveys<br />-Large scale surveys where people are asked about what crimes have been committed against them. E.G. The British Crime survey.<br />- It includes crimes not reported to the police so it is an important source of data.<br />Self report studies<br />-Criminals are asked to tick off offences from a list. This is done anonymously. These reports suggest that criminal activity is more common that official statistics indicate.<br />
  7. 7. How do we explain crime and deviance?<br />Key names<br />COHEN- some groups are labelled by the media<br />MARXISTS- people are ‘told’ by the media what they need to be successful, but not everyone can achieve it.<br />
  8. 8. How do we control anti-social behaviour?<br />Remember there are two types of control.<br />FORMAL and INFORMAL<br />Formal is control that is exerted on society through organisations such as the police.<br />Informal is based on approval/ disproval from those around us.<br />
  9. 9. Who commits crime?<br />
  10. 10. General key tips<br />Know your key words- these will help you gain easy marks in the short questions.<br />Read the question properly- make sure you answer what the examiner is asking!<br />Plan the essay questions- stick to your plan rather than waffle!<br />

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