SociologyExchange.co.uk Shared Resource

4,374 views

Published on

Published in: Technology, Business
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
4,374
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
3
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
21
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

SociologyExchange.co.uk Shared Resource

  1. 1. Functionalism <ul><li>A consensus approach – Society is based on harmony and agreement. </li></ul><ul><li>Society made up of an inter – relationship of parts – each part performing specific functions towards the maintenance of the whole. </li></ul><ul><li>Education system based upon equality of opportunity. </li></ul>
  2. 2. Functions of the Education System <ul><li>Please try and identify three key functions: </li></ul><ul><li>Transmission of society’s norms and values </li></ul><ul><li>Reinforce and reproduce social solidarity & moral regulation </li></ul><ul><li>Role Allocation and Role Selection </li></ul>
  3. 4. Functionalist Accounts of Working Class Underachievement <ul><li>Functionalists provide “Cultural” explanations for working class underachievement. </li></ul>
  4. 5. Cultural Deprivation <ul><li>Functionalist accounts of working class underachievement focus on the supposed cultural deprivation of key sections of the working class. </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural deprivation is key must learn term and can be defined as meaning children who lack the basic cultural knowledge, norms, values, language and skills that commonly shared by most other members of society. </li></ul>
  5. 6. Cultural Deprivation
  6. 7. Shakespeare ???? Is that lager? No – mate he was On Big Brother
  7. 8. Key Points <ul><li>There are three key elements to Functionalist Cultural Deprivation Thesis </li></ul><ul><li>Low Parental expectations and lack of involvement in their children’s education. (JWB Douglas 1964 & Leo Feinstein 1998) </li></ul><ul><li>Speech Codes (Basil Bernstein 1967) </li></ul><ul><li>Working Class Subcultures (Herbert Hyman 1967, Barry Sugarman 1970) </li></ul>
  8. 9. Working Class Subcultures <ul><li>Herbert Hyman – he argues the values and beliefs of lower working class sub-cultures act as a “self imposed barrier” to educational success . </li></ul>
  9. 10. Working Class Subcultures Part 2 <ul><li>Barry Sugarman argues that working class subculture has four key elements that act as a barrier to working class educational success. </li></ul>Fatalism Present time Orientation Collectivism Immediate Gratification
  10. 11. Criticisms of Functionalist Accounts <ul><li>Three possible criticisms of functionalists accounts of working class underachievement include: (try & note down three possible criticisms) </li></ul>Blames the Victims – Fails to take into material deprivation and structural inequalities in wider society. Deterministic model of human beings – Fails to take into account the organisation of the school and teacher expectations. The Myth of Cultural Deprivation – Nell Keddie states that working class culture is different not deficient – Labov criticises Speech Code accounts – Blackstone and Mortimore (1994) also emphasise that working class parents have no less interest in their children’s education.

×